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No sparkle in Sierra Leone diamond town
 
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The people of Koidu, once Sierra Leone's "blood diamond" mining capital, are awaiting former Liberian president Charles Taylor's sentencing at a UN-backed court. The gems mined there are now free from the taint of conflict but their dwindling supply has brought mixed blessings. Duration: 02:36
Views: 43953 AFP news agency
Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone Exclusive Report | Blood Diamonds The True Story Documentary |
 
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Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone Exclusive Report | Blood Diamonds The True Story Documentary | 1.Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone 2.Alluvial diamond mining in Sierra leone 3.Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo. 4.Sierra leone pastor finds 706 carat diamond which could be 10th largest ever found 5.Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone Exclusive Report | Blood Diamonds The True Story Documentary | LIKE | COMMENT | SHARE | SUBSCRIBE subscribe our youtube channel:https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCohh9khHhBaVr2Ih7OGvSng Facebook page:http://fb.me/technologyurdu Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/technologyurdu Google Plus:https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/108993459838918238443/108993459838918238443 follow on Twiter:https://twitter.com/Urdu_Technology Business Email:[email protected] This is a movie about diamond mining in Sierra Leone. Since the brutal civil war the Sierra Leone diamond industry is known as the source for the so called "Blood Diamonds". Diamonds that were mined under forced condition and traded on the illegal markets to purchase weapons. More than 10 years after the war, entrepreneurs rehabilitating the mining sector; for more traceability and fair prices paid to the miners. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Saudi Riyal Indain Rupees Exchange Rate Today Currency [25 Apr 2018] by MJH Studio" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3TxS5JscYuM -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 1215 MJH Studio
Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Watch "War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Ao5Qdx Read "UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Enj8O7 Read "Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country" - http://bit.ly/1yrNFpl Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 548553 VICE News
The True Story Of Blood Diamonds - Full Documentary
 
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Sign up to Swagbucks and earn $100s a year by shopping online, watching videos and taking surveys. Click this link for a $3 sign-up bonus: http://bit.ly/2BwRCil Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo.
Views: 77032 Documentary Warehouse
Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone
 
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This is a movie about diamond mining in Sierra Leone. Since the brutal civil war the Sierra Leone diamond industry is known as the source for the so called "Blood Diamonds". Diamonds that were mined under forced condition and traded on the illegal markets to purchase weapons. More than 10 years after the war, entrepreneurs rehabilitating the mining sector; for more traceability and fair prices paid to the miners. For more infos check out the upcoming homepage: www.smc-sl.com
Views: 4409870 Balmed
Life After Diamonds - Blood Diamonds Sierra Leone | Documentry ★
 
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"Life After Diamonds" highlights the destruction and challenges faced in mining communities in the post-war diamondiferous regions in Sierra Leone. Cooperatives in the Kono district are engaging in reclamation of wasted mining sites into agricultural productive land to create food security, encourage wider industry adoption of Corporate Social Responsibility and promote improved legislation. The refilling of pits protects fresh water and ground water sources by reducing erosion and siltation of streams. It also benefits communities as it can minimize health concerns such as stagnant water, drownings, and breeding of mosquitoes in unfilled pits. Land reclamation is beneficial to communities as it can be useful in asserting solutions for social development issues such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty by providing more land for food production and alternative livelihoods. Shot in March and April 2009, "Life After Diamonds" was created by Canadian volunteers Larissa Stendie and Sheryle Carlson, partnering with production team at the Environmental Foundation for Africa. If you liked the Documentary, Life After Diamonds, here are some other short films for you: - The Dust Never Settles : http://bit.ly/1FiVwr0 - Wwoofing: http://bit.ly/17pXhrs Visit the Renderyard WEBSITE: http://www.renderyard.com Follow Renderyard on TWITTER: https://twitter.com/renderyard Like Renderyard on FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/renderyard Follow Renderyard on PINTEREST: https://www.pinterest.com/renderyard Follow Renderyard on GOOGLEPLUS: https://plus.google.com/+renderyard/p... About Renderyard: Renderyard is a Film Network for Filmmakers to watch new short films online, including an online film festival for independent shorts and documentaries around the world. Enter our Competitions by Joining for Free. Create a profile to show your Shorts online in HD and 300MB in size. Web site users can share videos and music to with the world on our platform. Join our Premium account to show feature length titles 2GB in size. Meet and talk to other creative people to create new short movies and animations. Renderyard Film Network is an international digital multimedia platform operating as an independent film festival and a free film and music distributor to provide award-winning filmmakers, musicians and visual artists with a platform onto which filmmakers can upload and screen their work as well as promote and sell it. The Renderyard online multimedia platform contains a wide selection of films that include documentaries, animations, series, independent films and new music from all around the world. As a film resource, Renderyard provides a strong networking facility for emerging new talent and dedicates an important area to work in partnership and build creative collaborations with leading video search engines, video platforms and musicians in Europe, Spain, UK, America and abroad.
Views: 1449 Renderyard
The Mercenaries Profiting From Sierra Leone's Civil War (2000)
 
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Soldiers of Fortune (2000) - Mercenaries, allegedly working for the Sierra Leone government, have been charged with defeating RUF rebels - but blood diamonds might be their true goal. Subscribe to Journeyman here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures Inside a helicopter mercenaries led by South African Neall Ellis fly fast and low over RUF rebel areas, shooting anything that moves. There is plenty of evidence suggesting that, while ostensibly working for the Sierra Leone government, they are in fact the military arm of the diamond mining companies. For more information, visit https://www.journeyman.tv/film/836 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Visit our subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/JourneymanPictures/ Say hi on tumblr: https://journeymanpictures.tumblr.com/ ABC Australia – Ref. 0836
Views: 370569 Journeyman Pictures
Sierra Leone Pastor finds 706 Carat Diamond which could be the 10th Largest EVER
 
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A Christian pastor working in a Sierra Leone mine has found a 706-carat diamond, which could be the tenth largest ever found. The precious stone was found by Emmanuel Momoh, who was working in the Kono region, in the east of the country. It will be sold in Sierra Leone in a 'transparent' bidding process to benefit the country, according to a government statement. It read: 'A 706-carat diamond was presented to President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma yesterday evening. 'Receiving the diamond President Koroma thanked the chief and his people for not smuggling the diamond out of the country.' Diamond expert Paul Zimnisky said it could be 'between the 10th and 15th largest gem-diamonds ever recovered' and such a find is very rare in a small mine. He said: 'Most recent exceptional diamond discoveries have been made by large commercial miners that mine very large volumes of kimberlite ore and process it with advanced equipment. 'Artisanal mining tends to produce smaller, lower quality diamonds because the diamonds suffer breakage and erosion.' Zimnisky said the stone would likely be sold outside Sierra Leone, despite the government's assertion, for better access to buyers. Without a professional assessment of the diamond's potential flaws and colouring it is impossible to value the stone. However, a polished stone cut from the Jonker, which is the 10th largest gem-diamond ever recovered until now at 726 carats, will go on sale in Hong Kong in May. A single 25-carat portion is likely to sell for $2.2 million to $3.6 million (£1.78 million to £2.75 million), or $88,000 to $144,000 for a single carat, Zimnisky said. A 1,111-carat diamond was discovered at a mine in Botswana in 2015, the biggest find for more than a century. That gem is second in size only to the Cullinan diamond which was unearthed in South Africa in 1905, at 3,106 carats uncut, according to the Cape Town Diamond Museum. The Cullinan was cut into several gems, including two set into the sceptre and crown of the British Crown Jewels. Historically, Sierra Leone has had a controversial role in the diamond industry. The sale of 'blood diamonds' helped finance civil wars across Africa in the 1990s and often funded military dictatorships on a continent that the London Diamond Bourse estimates provides 65 percent of the world's diamonds. Rebels allowed traders to exploit diamond mines and ship the gems abroad via Liberia. In one of the most notorious cases, former Liberian warlord Charles Taylor was found guilty of supporting the rebels in exchange for diamonds mined by slave labour. The district where the 706-carat diamond was discovered is where US-Belgian businessman Michel Desaedeleer, accused of enslavement and diamond trafficking during Sierra Leone's civil war, is alleged to have committed his crimes. He died in jail in September before he could stand trial. The death toll from Sierra Leone's civil war is estimated at 120,000. The country has a population of roughly six million people, making it one of Africa's deadliest conflicts in recent history. Music: "Artifact" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Blog: https://patrynworldlatestnews.blogspot.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/patryn.worldlatestnews
Views: 178475 PatrynWorldLatestNew
CAN773 DIAMOND MINING IN SIERRA LEONE
 
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(6 May 1966) Diamond mining continues to grow in Sierra Leone and the process, from the digging at open mines to the sorting of diamonds, is shown. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/af56a8a72f59c977231fc7e1ea86d7d2 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 183 AP Archive
Gold and diamond mining in CAR fueling conflict
 
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Human rights groups say gold and diamond sales are being used to finance conflict in the Central African Republic. The Kimberley process is an attempt to keep conflict diamonds off the market but gold is proving much more difficult to trace. Aljazeera went to visit a gold mine in CAR. Al Jazeera's Rawaa Auge reports. - Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check out our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 2307 Al Jazeera English
The Drugged-Up Child Soldiers At The Centre of Sierra Leone's War (2000)
 
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Children of War (2000): The story of the child soldiers in Sierra Leone who were drugged with cocaine to make them fight in a war fuelled by blood diamonds, and the child victims of mutilations. Can a permanent world court bring justice to a lost generation? Subscribe to Journeyman here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures# Sherieff Koroma is today in a schoolroom learning to read and write. Earlier in the year he was living a different life, his nickname was Captain Cut-Hand. After his house was burnt down by the RUF he escaped to the bush only to be found by rebels. They gave him the choice "we kill you, or you join us." He was then drugged up with cocaine and sent out to fight, mutilations became his trademark. With a smile on his face he describes how he earned respect as a brave fighter. "Whenever we attacked, we children went first. We were fearless." With enough drugs, and with no other family apart from the rebels, children like Sherieff were easily manipulated. It is the child fighters who've been responsible for the worst atrocities in Sierra Leone. Isattu Kargbo, a girl the same age as Sherieff, recalls the day four boys came and cut off her hand. RUF leader Foday Sankoh vehemently denies his 'freedom fighters' are responsible for such mutilations. In an interview here, he blames the Nigerian led peacekeepers ECOMOG, "It's all lies" he says. The RUF he leads has no other purpose than to sustain itself and maintain power in Sierra Leone. It gathers wealth from the Sierra Leoneon diamond mines it controls. Sankoh believes that "the people were crying for war, and that was answered by God." Yet the people caught up in the war are sending out different prayers. "Sometimes I get an urge to chop off more hands," Sherieff tells us, "I pray to God to remove this urge. I pray to God to help me kill myself." A deeply moving report on Sierra Leone's children of war. For more information, visit https://www.journeyman.tv/film/722 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Journeyman Pictures - Ref. 0722
Views: 3842 Journeyman Pictures
Pastor discovers whopping 706 carat diamond in Sierra Leone
 
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The largest diamond to be discovered in the country in four decades has been found by pastor in the small village of Yakadu. Report by Charlotte Brehaut.
Views: 159614 ODN
BELGIUM: INDUSTRY BAN ON CONFLICT DIAMONDS
 
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(19 Jul 2000) English/Nat XFA The diamond industry has announced new measures against "conflict diamonds", used to pay for wars in Africa. The measures include a certification system to monitor rough diamonds from mines to international trading centres and tough penalties against dealers found to break U-N embargoes on sales by rebels. The decision was taken by the 350 delegates, representing traders, cutters and polishers from across the world. The international diamond industry released a statement on Wednesday at the end of the World Diamond Congress. 350 delegates, representing traders, cutters and polishers from across the world, attended the Congress in the diamond capital, Antwerp. In its statement, the Congress said it would close off any legal loopholes allowing conflict diamonds to enter the market. SOUNDBITE: (English) "Conflict diamonds are not acceptable. We do not want diamonds to be a part of conflict equation and accordingly we have passed a joint resolution with a number of concrete steps to be taken over the next few months and the year to ensure that there is almost a total ban and elimination of any type of conflict diamonds entering the diamond trade. What this calls for is universal system of rough diamond certification and auditing and we believe that these steps, which are in our joint resolution, will lead to an elimination of this problem." SUPER CAPTION: Sean Cohen, International Diamond Manufacturers Association Measures include a certification system to monitor rough diamonds from mines to international trading centres. The Congress also proposes tough penalties against dealers breaking U-N embargoes on diamond sales by rebels in Angola and Sierra Leone. Human rights campaigners said the new moves could virtually stop rebel groups funding their wars through diamond sales. Under the new rules, all rough diamonds would have to be shipped in sealed packages certified by authorities in the exporting nations and verified by a new international Diamond Council. SOUNDBITE: (English) "We are looking for standardised system of rough diamond export and import out and into all major centres which means that there has to be a standard process of sealing parcels of rough diamonds. All the countries that import rough diamonds agree not to import any rough diamonds that have not been sealed in that standardised manner. Really what we are looking to is the governments to standardise." SUPER CAPTION: Sean Cohen, International Diamond Manufacturers Association Pressure on the diamond trade to clean up has come from the United Nations, Western governments and human rights groups. The industry said anybody found trading in illicit diamonds would be immediately excluded from the business. SOUNDBITE: (English) "I hope what everybody takes away from Antwerp is a much heightened view and crusade about excluding conflict diamonds from legitimate channels of our trade." SUPER CAPTION: Gery Ralfe, Managing Director of 'De Beers' The diamond industry will meet on Thursday with representatives of concerned governments in London and hopes to bring the new global certification process into effect before Christmas. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/f73dc1497696f7d0b9c7dc9e4749aaf3 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 95 AP Archive
Conflict Diamonds in Sierra Leone (Excerpt from Diamond Road documentary)
 
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*Warning: violent imagery* Available to buy or stream: http://goo.gl/qNxuA The people of Kono, Sierra Leone have experienced the horrors of civil war and blood diamonds. Mohammed Dabo shares his story. From the series Diamond Road, produced by Kensington Communications Inc. (http://www.kensingtontv.com). Copyright 2007. To see more clips of Mohammed and the people of Sierra Leone, visit http://www.diamondroad.tv Kensington Communications creates and produces exceptional, award-winning television and interactive media. From high-profile television events to moving personal stories, from ground-breaking science to performing arts and innovative online experiences, our diverse productions share a commitment to imagination, intelligence and passion. Find out more about our award winning productions and our new projects at http://www.kensingtontv.com. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter, where we post broadcast, interactive, cross-platform, and mobiles news! Website: http://www.kensingtontv.com Blog: http://kensingtontv.com/blog Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/kensingtontv Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/kensingtontv YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/kensingtontv Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kensingtontv
Views: 104580 Kensington TV
Guinea Diamonds
 
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This video was filmed and edited in 2001 in Guinea and Sierra Leone and shows diamonds and mining for diamonds.
Views: 19641 Michael Schmitz
BLOOD DIAMONDS--The True Story.
 
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Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo.
Views: 1652111 Bob Bangso
Sierra Leone's diamonds fail to benefit those who mine them
 
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We continue our special series on Sierra Leone. The country has rich resources, but all too often that's led to conflict -- especially when it comes to diamonds. Now that the Ebola crisis is over, CCTV's Kathryn Omwandho takes a closer look at other legacies the country needs to overcome.
Views: 2026 CGTN Africa
De Beers and Conflict Diamonds: Media Studies Project
 
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Please comment and like! Rebecca Kp Media Studies Project Song: Conflict Diamonds - Lupe Fiasco
Views: 5619 rebeccarkp
Blood Diamonds of Sierra Leone
 
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"Blood Diamonds" are mined and then sold to finance corrupt regimes or warlords. This clip which I Segment Produced takes a look at the impact of conflict diamonds in Sierra Leone. This clip is currently used in the Geography curriculum nationwide and abroad. © History Channel
Views: 34759 Lauren Kritzer
The Sierra Leone Civil War & Blood Diamonds
 
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by Jessica Xu, CGI Iceberg Project
Views: 14365 Jessica Xu
Sierra Leone Diamond Theft
 
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Diamonds are big business and they can be found at the Sierra Leone in Africa, See who is stealing them.
Views: 75745 kbootsyb
Blood diamonds: the international response
 
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The West African state of Sierra Leone and earned as much as US$ 400 million in a decade of illegal smuggling. 'Conflict' or 'blood diamonds' were traded for arms and funded a brutal rebel campaign. The civil war in Sierra Leone and similar conflicts in other African countries such as Angola and DR Congo left thousands dead and hundreds of thousands refugees. Today some believe that diamonds fund the terrorist activities of al-Queda. Following UN sanctions imposed on diamond producing countries, the international community reacted further by establishing the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. The EU played a significant role in negotiating the scheme - driving this multilateral process. Since January 2003, unpolished diamonds can only be bought or sold between the 43 participating countries. A Kimberley Process certificate that acts as an assurance the diamonds are 'conflict free', must accompany all diamonds. This VNR revisits Sierra Leone a country and a people visibly struggling to recover from a war fuelled by 'blood diamonds'. The VNR features alluvial mining in the Kono mining region of the country. Here, we meet with Sahfrea Mohammed Konoboy and his family, a miner who recounts his familys experience when they had to flee the rebel conflict. He speaks of his attempt to rebuild his life and his home. In the report, we meet with officials in the capital Freetown who administer the Kimberley Process Certification scheme and we follow the diamonds to Antwerp, Belgium, where authorities carry out thorough checks on the gems. We also take a closer look at the Kimberley Process mechanism. 2004 http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/kimb/intro/index.htm
Kanye West - Diamonds From Sierra Leone
 
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Best of Kanye West: https://goo.gl/2FXUVW Subscribe here: https://goo.gl/AgJE59 Music video by Kanye West performing Diamonds From Sierra Leone. (C) 2005 Roc-A-Fella Records, LLC
Views: 21571149 KanyeWestVEVO
Scaling diamonds
 
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WS Development (“WS”) is a private company established in 2010 owned and operated by Robert “Bobby” Weiss a.k.a. Doctor Diamond an American citizen. We can assist you in every area of the mineral extraction, mining services, sourcing and purchasing of Diamonds, Gold and other minerals. WS is a registered Master Exporter of Diamonds, Gold and raw minerals enabling our Clients to maintain full control of their endeavors. Whether you are a professional or novice, WS can provide any one of all of the services. The choice is yours, WS is ready to assist or partner with you in achieving your goal. Sourcing of Rough Diamonds and Raw Gold WS has assembled a network of hundreds of Africans across the continent providing WS with Diamonds and Gold directly from the source. With a special emphasis on quality and reliability, WS sells to a long list of returning customers the best diamonds that can be found. Our team is comprised of gemologist with vast experience in valuating rough Diamonds and professionals with the knowledge and experience in every aspect of the procurement of Gold throughout Africa with headquarters in Sierra Leone and offices in Botswana and the USA. Diamonds, Gold and raw precious metals are obtained through direct relationships ensuring traceability and full compliance with the conflict-free standards and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. Kimberley Process WS maintains a Zero tolerance policy towards conflict diamonds complying with the standards of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). The KPCS imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free’ and prevent conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Export & Compliance WS holds Master Export Licenses for Diamonds, Gold and Coltan to afford our Clients a buying experience that is completely transparent, secure and successful. Clients are guided through the entire export process with WS at their side so the Client maintains absolute and total control of their Diamonds, Gold or Coltan export.
Views: 34 WS Development
Blood Diamonds: An Overview
 
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Greg Campbell, author of "Blood Diamonds", talks about diamond mining in Sierra Leone. Warning: some images may disturb sensitive viewers
Views: 3955 Diamond Nexus
A Candid View of Sierra Leone's Youth Working the Kono Diamond Mines
 
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This video was shot in Sierra Leone's Kono diamond mining district. Infamous for the devastating effects of the civil war and the RUF's operation to mine diamonds. These diamonds, now popularly known as blood diamonds, were mined using forced labor and sold into the global diamond market. Profits were used to fuel the war. Today the diamond mines are officially "re-opened." However, the disparity between the internationally controlled mechanized diamond mine across town and this one where men purchase permission to mine from the government using only manuel labor is stark and unjust. To date there has been no investment in the working conditions of these mines for Sierra Leonins. While many of these men struggle to make ends meet the mining for diamonds creates a casino economy effect and heightens tensions. Many of these men have witnessed extreme violence and/or are ex-combatants or child soldiers themselves. This video gives a candid view of the men and their reactions to a American female entering the mine. This would not have been possible for me to shoot if the boss had not taken a liking to me and brought me through. I did compensate him afterwards and bought upon request, and a flurry of emotion, cigarettes enough for all in the mine to receive some. Filmed by Anjanette Decarlo, IEDS doctoral scholar. 2011.
Views: 8403 Iedsuvm Uvm
Discovers a 706 Carat 10th Largest Diamond : Worth more than £50 MILLION : Sierra Leone mine : Kono
 
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Christian pastor discovers a giant 706-carat diamond in Sierra Leone which could be the 10th largest EVER found and worth more than £50 MILLION Emmanuel Momoh found the precious stone in the eastern Kono region It will be sold by a 'transparent' bidding process but may leave the country Expert Paul Zimnisky said it is impossible to value the rare gem at this stage A Christian pastor working in a Sierra Leone mine has found a 706-carat diamond, which could be the tenth largest ever found. The precious stone was found by Emmanuel Momoh, who was working in the Kono region, in the east of the country. It will be sold in Sierra Leone in a 'transparent' bidding process to benefit the country, according to a government statement. It read: 'A 706-carat diamond was presented to President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma yesterday evening. 'Receiving the diamond President Koroma thanked the chief and his people for not smuggling the diamond out of the country.' Diamond expert Paul Zimnisky said it could be 'between the 10th and 15th largest gem-diamonds ever recovered' and such a find is very rare in a small mine. He said: 'Most recent exceptional diamond discoveries have been made by large commercial miners that mine very large volumes of kimberlite ore and process it with advanced equipment. 'Artisanal mining tends to produce smaller, lower quality diamonds because the diamonds suffer breakage and erosion.' Zimnisky said the stone would likely be sold outside Sierra Leone, despite the government's assertion, for better access to buyers. Without a professional assessment of the diamond's potential flaws and colouring it is impossible to value the stone. However, a polished stone cut from the Jonker, which is the 10th largest gem-diamond ever recovered until now at 726 carats, will go on sale in Hong Kong in May. A single 25-carat portion is likely to sell for $2.2 million to $3.6 million (£1.78 million to £2.75 million), or $88,000 to $144,000 for a single carat, Zimnisky said. A 1,111-carat diamond was discovered at a mine in Botswana in 2015, the biggest find for more than a century. That gem is second in size only to the Cullinan diamond which was unearthed in South Africa in 1905, at 3,106 carats uncut, according to the Cape Town Diamond Museum. The Cullinan was cut into several gems, including two set into the sceptre and crown of the British Crown Jewels. Historically, Sierra Leone has had a controversial role in the diamond industry. The sale of 'blood diamonds' helped finance civil wars across Africa in the 1990s and often funded military dictatorships on a continent that the London Diamond Bourse estimates provides 65 percent of the world's diamonds. Rebels allowed traders to exploit diamond mines and ship the gems abroad via Liberia. In one of the most notorious cases, former Liberian warlord Charles Taylor was found guilty of supporting the rebels in exchange for diamonds mined by slave labour. The district where the 706-carat diamond was discovered is where US-Belgian businessman Michel Desaedeleer, accused of enslavement and diamond trafficking during Sierra Leone's civil war, is alleged to have committed his crimes. He died in jail in September before he could stand trial. The death toll from Sierra Leone's civil war is estimated at 120,000. The country has a population of roughly six million people, making it one of Africa's deadliest conflicts in recent history. Arabic: يكتشف قيراط 706 العاشر "أكبر الماس": تبلغ قيمتها أكثر من £ 50 مليون: الأحجار الكريمة في كونو Bulgarian: Открива 706 карата 10-най-големият диамант: стойност повече от £50 милиона: скъпоценен камък в Коно Chinese Simplified: 发现了 706 克拉 10 最大的钻石︰ 值得多英镑 5000 万︰ 宝石在科诺 Chinese Traditional: 發現了 706 克拉 10 最大的鑽石︰ 值得多英鎊 5000 萬︰ 寶石在科諾 Czech: Zjistí 706 karát 10. největší diamant: více než 50 milionů liber: drahý kámen v Kono Dutch: Ontdekt een 706 karaat 10e grootste diamant: ter waarde van meer dan 50 miljoen £: edelsteen in Kono Filipino: Nadiskubre ng isang 706 karat ika-10 pinakamalaking Diamond: nagkakahalaga ng mahigit sa £50 milyong: batong-hiyas sa Kono French: Détecte un Carat 706 10ème plus gros diamant : une valeur de plus de £ 50 millions : pierre précieuse à Kono German: Entdeckt ein 706 Karat 10. größte Diamant: Wert mehr als £ 50 Millionen: Edelstein im Kono Greek: Ανακαλύπτει ένα καράτι 706 10ο μεγαλύτερο διαμάντι: αξίζει περισσότερο από £50 ΕΚΑΤΟΜΜΎΡΙΣΣΑ: πολύτιμη πέτρα σε Kono Hindi: पता चलता है एक 706 कैरेट 10 सबसे बड़े हीरे: से अधिक 50 लाख पाउंड मूल्य: Kono में कीमती पत्थर Indonesian: Menemukan 706 karat berlian terbesar 10: bernilai lebih dari £50 juta: batu berharga di Kono Italian: Scopre un carato 706 10 più grande diamante: vale la pena più di £ 50 milioni: pietra preziosa in Kono Japanese: 706 カラットを発見する 10 の最大のダイヤモンド: 以上 £ 5000 万の価値がある: 河野で貴重な石 Persian: کشف 706 قیراط الماس بزرگترین دهمین: ارزش بیش از 50 میلیون پوند: سنگ های قیمتی در Kono Music: http://www.bensound.com
Views: 9126 Amazing World
Namibia & diamonds  -  www.embnamibia.at
 
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The Namibia Diamond Consumer Confidence awareness campaign was officially launched by the Hounourable Erkki Nghimtina, Minister of Mines and Energy yesterday. The Project is an effort by the diamond industry to raise awareness on the issues of conflict diamonds and to tell the story of the goods that diamonds do for Namibia. Minister Nghimtina said: "It goes without saying that the mining industry in Namibia has been, since the turn of the century, one of the corner stones of the economy." According to the Minister, Namibia is well known for gem quality diamonds as well as a wide range of other minerals. "In contributing approximately 12.5% to the GDP, mining continues to be an important generator of export and foreign exchange, and acts as a catalyst towards the provision and extension of infrastructures within the country. In Namibia, diamonds account for more than 40% of our country's export revenue, 7% of the government revenue and more than 10% of GDP," he said. The occasion was attended by dignitaries from the embassies of Russia, Brazil, UK and industry leaders in the diamond fraternity. During his speech, the Minister made it clear that although Namibia has never been involved in conflict diamonds, it does not mean that the country should turn a blind eye to the dangers posed by smuggling, illicit diamond dealings and other related activities. Conflict diamonds is the term used to describe diamonds which are illegally traded to fund conflicts. The United Nations defines conflict diamonds as '....diamonds that originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments, and are used to fund military action in opposition to those governments, or in contravention of the decisions of the security council.' In recent times, conflicts in some poorest parts of Africa have often focused on rebels controlling their country's natural resources and assets; for example, oil, wood, minerals and also diamonds to fund their activities. The Minister also made reference to a blockbuster Hollywood movie called "Blood Diamond" starring famous actor Leanardo DiCaprio, that is due for release in mid December in the US. The film is fictional and is set against the backdrop of conflict and war during the civil war Sierra Leone in the 1990's. It dramatizes the involvement of the diamond industry in the illicit trade of conflict diamonds whilst showing the use of child soldiers, slave labour, the brutality of the rebels and realities of alluvial digging. According to the Minister, Namibia and the diamond industry in general sees the release of this movie as an opportunity to talk about the steps that has so far been taken to prevent illegal trade in conflict diamonds such as the countries participation in the Kimberley Process and any further debate stimulated by the film. The Minister however cautioned that it was important that the world does not forget that diamonds are a hugely important natural resource for Southern Africa and Namibia. Income from diamonds will make it possible for Namibia to meet the objectives of Vision 2030 through supporting the economy, health, education and employment sectors, diamonds are helping to transform the economy and the lives of Namibian people for the better. In conclusion the Minister assured the audience that Namibians can rest assured that 99.8% of diamonds are certified conflict free and they must have trust in the integrity of diamonds and in the practices of the industry.
Views: 19724 embassyinvienna
Sierra Leone's Blood-Diamond Hydra
 
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Blood Diamonds (2006): West Africa's civil wars were almost exclusively funded by the trade in 'blood diamonds.' But now, the UN and EU is tightening the trade in precious gems through the Kimberly Process. For downloads and more information visit http://journeyman.tv/56019/short-films/blood-diamonds.html ORF - Ref. 2967 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 340612 Journeyman Pictures
The Rebels Fighting For Sierra Leone (1998)
 
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The Rebels (1998): A historic report on the blood diamond fuelled conflict in Sierra Leone. Subscribe to Journeyman here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures# Kneeling before the camera an RUF guerrilla sends out his prayer. "Let the world understand that we are freedom fighters...that we are not hooligans." But picking the truth from the propaganda is a muddied business in this dangerous nation. Filming in the guerrilla controlled area we listen to the side widely accused of atrocities. Sam Bockery, commander of the RUF, maintains that they are misrepresented: "Civilians are blasted with [ECOMOG] mines so they go and say we are maiming civilians." Gruesome scenes of bloodied victims filmed during an ECOMOG bombing campaign testify to the casualties wrought by their aerial bombardment. The RUF say they fight for the people, for a state that will invest the nations rich mineral wealth into schools and hospitals. They say foreign support of Kabbah through ECOMOG and private mercenaries is just a cynical skirmish over mining rights. By stepping-up their campaign they hope the world will listen to their version of events. But whether victory by them would mean a better future for Sierra Leoneons is in as much doubt as their well being under Kabbah. For more information, visit https://www.journeyman.tv/film/533 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Journeyman Pictures/Peter Strandberg and Richard Betts - Ref. 0533
Views: 5341 Journeyman Pictures
25 Things You Should Know About Blood Diamonds
 
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Tweet this video! - http://clicktotweet.com/6Pl2d Although most of the products we buy have a sickening back story laced with exploitation, violence, and greed, there is unfortunately not much that can be done about it. At the very least we don't need to be ignorant. These are 25 things you should know about blood diamonds. https://twitter.com/list25 https://www.facebook.com/list25 http://list25.com Check out the text version too! - http://list25.com/25-things-you-should-know-about-blood-diamonds Here's a preview: Also known as conlifct diamonds, hot diamonds, and war diamonds, blood diamonds are mined in war zones and sold to finance insurgencies. These areas usually include central and west african countries Warlords use extreme violence in order to force the locals into extracting their diamonds For example, during the civil war in Sierra Leone a group known as the Revolutionary United Front killed, threatened, and even cut off the arms of people in the diamond villages until they took control of the mines Many times government officials get paid off to let diamonds through or they get smuggled accross borders into legitimate trading channels. In Sierra Leone 20,000 people were mutilated and millions fled the country According to National Geographic News blood diamonds are responsible for 4 millions deaths. The problem wasn't really made known to the public until Leonard DiCaprio starred in the movie Blood Diamond The Diamond Industry repsonded to the movie with successful PR campaigns -- people kept buying. Several years earlier in 2002 the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme was create to regulate diamond trading and prevent legitimate diamonds from entering the market It was envisioned by diamond industry and instated by the United Nations De Beers and the rest of the diamond industry now claim that 99.8% of diamonds are conflict free. These certifications are then attached and sealed along with the diamonds as they are exported How is this possible? The Kimberly Process relies on the hopelessly corrupt governments of diamond producing countries to check and certify their diamonds are legitimate. In 2006, however, the United Nations and the US government released reports showing that nearly $23 million of blood diamonds from the Ivory Coast were smuggled into Kimberly One of the founders of the Kimberly Process, Ian Smillie, even resigned from the group not long ago citing its ineffectiveness. This is not to say that the Diamond Trade is all bad. Legal diamonds promote development in underdeveloped nations. The Kimberly Process did, at least initially, managed to curb a significant amount of violence related to blood diamonds. So what can be done? As a consumer, not much. There really isn't any way to know where the diamond came from. Well, you could try synthetic diamonds. The natural diamond monopolies hate those and good ones are chemically indistinguishable. You could fly to Africa and make sure the diamonds are legit with your own two eyes. You could also just try to stay informed about how the things you buy everyday get onto store shelves through channels of violence and exploitation. At any rate, the diamond industry continues to grow every year For better or for worse this provides underdeveloped economies with jobs and corrupt political systems with money
Views: 171201 list25
Sierra Leone Blood Diamond Conflict, Secure the Diamonds
 
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Sierra Leone blood diamond conflict.
Views: 30 DenizEvl
SIERRA LEONE: BO: MAJOR DIAMOND CENTRE
 
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English/Nat XFA Secretary-General Kofi Annan has hinted that the hostage-taking by Sierra Leone's Revolutionary United Front (R-U-F) could cost leader Foday Sankoh his ministerial post. He said the rebels must not be allowed to exploit the country's diamonds. Bo, a town partially sieged by rebel forces, is one of Sierra Leone's major diamond centres. Meanwhile, a group of R-U-F rebels have been arrested for allegedly tying to steal one of the United Nation's vehicles. Bo, Sierra Leone's second biggest city is a government stronghold. It's also a major diamond centre. And it's these diamonds which have fueled a decade of brutal civil war, which has claimed 75-thousand lives. The Revolutionary United Front (R-U-F) controls most of the mines in western Sierra Leone. They've traded diamonds for weapons which they've used to maim and kill. Since the 19th century Lebanese businessmen have been heavily involved in the diamond trade. But these days it is a highly dangerous business. This Lebanese trader refused to speak on camera. Despite the dangerous work, a lucky find can set a person up for life, relieving them of their impoverished lives. SOUNDBITE: (English) "We fear them because we can still remember the past. Although we are still doing this we have no other option, or else we would not work here because those guys can do anything they want to satisfy themselves. They are not doing anything in the interests of us. They are only doing this for them." SUPER CAPTION: Mohammed Thomas, local diamond dealer Bo is partially surrounded by rebels. The irony here is that pro-government forces had already disarmed under the disarmament process. Now they don't have the weapons to defend the town if rebels attack. SOUNDBITE: (English) "UNOMSIL are finding themselves in a very funny position here in Bo because the C-D-F (civil defence force) in Bo were virtually disarmed by UNOMSIL and just overnight UNOMSIL were thinking they were doing a very good job but now they find themselves in a very difficult position. They have destroyed the arms but they have returned the ammunition but they can't give them arms now and the C-D-F want the arms to protect themselves and probably even to protect them (UNOMSIL)" SUPER CAPTION: Police officer, Tamba Sawyer Under last year's peace agreement, rebel leader Foday Sankoh was appointed chairman of the National Resources Commission, a post which gave him direct influence over Sierra Leone's lucrative diamond trade. It's now known that Sankoh abused the position to set up his own diamond deals, including illegal mining and smuggling of gems. Any future peace deals are not likely to be as accommodating to the R-U-F. Meanwhile rebels from Foday Sankoh's R-U-F were arrested late on Monday in the town of Bo, for allegedly tying to steal one of the United Nation's vehicles. No comment has yet been made regarding the arrest by U-N peacekeeping forces. 350 U-N peacekeepers remain as hostages in the hands of the R-U-F. Although 157 peacekeepers have been released, U-N Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, has hinted that the hostage-taking by Sierra Leone's rebels could cost rebel leader Foday Sankoh his ministerial post and said the rebels must not be allowed to exploit the country's diamonds. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/571a682ae49f259d32c15059b536a039 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 3059 AP Archive
Blood Diamonds - Sierra Leone
 
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An investigation into how diamonds from the conflict regions of war-torn Sierra Leone were used to fund and finance the countrys 12-year civil war. DVD available now @ riceNpeas.com
Views: 16047 ricenpeasfilms
After School Projects  and Diamond Mining Lesson Part 1.wmv
 
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This video gives examples of the after school clubs I have sponsored, and also shows part 1 of a lesson I taught on Sierra Leone conflict diamonds.
Views: 185 JonRoachPortfolio
Gold Mining and People's Dreams After Civil Wars in Liberia - Journey to Dreams Documentary
 
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Liberia is one of the poorest countries in the world. It's economy mostly depends on foreign aids, directly on foreign investments and on exportation of natural resources such as iron ore, gold, rubber and timber. During the civil wars took place between 1989 and 2003 in Liberia, more than 250,000 people were killed. Actually I'm not talking about a very distant past. All these ended just 15 years ago. When the economy totally collapsed during the civil war, Liberia became the trade center for blood diamond extracted in Sierra Leone. Weapons used in the war were mostly financed in this way. In the forests of Liberia, tens of thousands of people are doing artisanal mining under very hard conditions. This is their only livelihood. Actually they just save the day at the risk of their lives. What connects them to life is their dreams.
Views: 16927 Hasan Soylemez
Sierra Leone Diamond Conflict
 
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This video is about the blood diamond issue in Sierra Leone
Views: 38 Mac Lashley
Blood diamonds: the international response (international version)
 
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The West African state of Sierra Leone and earned as much as US$ 400 million in a decade of illegal smuggling. 'Conflict' or 'blood diamonds' were traded for arms and funded a brutal rebel campaign. The civil war in Sierra Leone and similar conflicts in other African countries such as Angola and DR Congo left thousands dead and hundreds of thousands refugees. Today some believe that diamonds fund the terrorist activities of al-Queda. Following UN sanctions imposed on diamond producing countries, the international community reacted further by establishing the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. The EU played a significant role in negotiating the scheme - driving this multilateral process. Since January 2003, unpolished diamonds can only be bought or sold between the 43 participating countries. A Kimberley Process certificate that acts as an assurance the diamonds are 'conflict free', must accompany all diamonds. This VNR revisits Sierra Leone a country and a people visibly struggling to recover from a war fuelled by 'blood diamonds'. The VNR features alluvial mining in the Kono mining region of the country. Here, we meet with Sahfrea Mohammed Konoboy and his family, a miner who recounts his familys experience when they had to flee the rebel conflict. He speaks of his attempt to rebuild his life and his home. In the report, we meet with officials in the capital Freetown who administer the Kimberley Process Certification scheme and we follow the diamonds to Antwerp, Belgium, where authorities carry out thorough checks on the gems. We also take a closer look at the Kimberley Process mechanism. 2004 http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/kimb/intro/index.htm
Africa PSA- Conflict Diamond Mining
 
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Noah McConville & James Lippiard
Views: 88 Noah McConville
clip4 "Boss, I wanna go toilet" -Blood Diamond (2006)
 
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Description ===== That's no greed, that diamond is his only chance to reunite with his lost family...
Views: 3953654 Bruce Huang
ICP Asks Akon About Buying a Diamond Mine, SE4ALL About Ending Gas Flaring, Including in Nigeria
 
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ICP Asks Akon Of Diamond Mine Purchase, He Replies on Reform, Yumkella Running By Matthew Russell Lee UNITED NATIONS, May 20 -- When the UN's “Sustainable Energy For All” endeavor held a public press conference during its nearly four day event on May 20, prominent on the podium was musician and business figure Akon, talking about African villages buying solar power systems from his enterprise, with a $1 billion line of credit, on the payment plan. Inner City Press asked Akon about having also bought a diamond mine -- was that also a social enterprise? Akon answered in that direction, saying he bought the mine in order to challenge or clean up the industry, citing blood diamonds. Video here. The answer is an evolution from what Akon said about the mine, and blood diamonds, back in 2007: "I don't even believe in conflict diamonds. That's just a movie. Think about it. Ain't nobody thought about nothing about no conflict diamonds until the movie came out. Where was all that shit before the movie? That's the problem with people - they believe everything they read or see on TV. It's no different from The Blair Witch Project. Everybody thought that was real. That campaign and marketing was incredible. After that, they're getting Oscars. Unless you go to Sierra Leone and see what's going down, don't believe everything you're reading or see on TV. Trust me." http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/akon-so-what-if-i-own-a-diamond-mine-436472.html There was a Sierra Leone connection at the press conference: SE4ALL chief Kandeh Yumkella, whom Inner City Press asked about the organization's involvement in the campaign to end gas flaring by 2030. Yumkella answered excitedly about Shell and Total and Statoil signing on. To a question on Sierra Leone, IRENA's Adnan Amin said while the question was about President Koroma, there was another Sierra Leonean in the room, but he'd only talk about one president at a time. On March 15 of this year, Yumkella wrote to UN staff: “A few months ago I informed the Secretary-General that I would like to step down as his Special Representative and CEO of Sustainable Energy for All as of July 2015. He has now graciously accepted my request and the announcement will be made soon. “It has not been an easy decision to end my 19-year career serving humanity under the auspices of the UN system, including as Director General of UNIDO. But I believe it is now time for me to go home to serve my people in Sierra Leone." We'll have more on this. Watch this site.
Views: 13999 InnerCity Press
The Sierra Leone Rebel Leader Who Refused to Disarm (2000)
 
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Who Is Foday Sankoh? (2000): The rebels still held 330 UN peacekeepers in 2000, but Sierra Leone refuses to release RUF leader Foday Sankoh. Subscribe to Journeyman here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures As the leader of the RUF he is responsible for everything that has happened to his country. He's refusing to disarm or open up the diamond regions he controls to U.N. authorities. His forces have committed atrocities on a scale rarely seen, which he vehemently denies. His politics have plunged what should be a prosperous country into an endless round of war. But he tells us "the economy is in the hands of foreigners, which is why our people have become beggars and slaves." For more information, visit https://www.journeyman.tv/film/748 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Adil Bradlow, Journeyman Pictures - Ref. 0748
Views: 9306 Journeyman Pictures
Another Reason to Choose Moissanite - Unsustainable Growth - Diamond Mining Sierra Leone
 
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How does moissanite compare against diamond? Find out more at: http://gerrythejeweler.com/moissanite-vs-diamond/ Video credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Unsustainable_Growth.webm
Views: 993 Gerry The Jeweler
Exposing The Inhumane Conditions Of Burkina Faso's Gold Mines
 
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Gold Dust: Under Blaise Compaore's leadership, Burkina Faso's unregulated gold rush has had a devastating effect on mining conditions. This report digs deep into the industry, exposing the corruption beneath Compaore's ruling. Millions of people - including children as young as fourteen - mine in an unregulated industry for a few golden grams of hope. Marcel toils underground to support his family - but without the glittering rewards promised. “We all have hope, we hope to earn” he says, but "they rob us here...They treat the miner like an animal." 17-year old Soumaele has been mining for two years. His thin body can go to even deeper than the older men, to places where the air is impossible to breathe and the tunnels are likely to collapse. Gold promises a great deal, but in an anarchic industry, teacher Soungalo Hema fears for the future of children like Soumaele: "You try and save them", she says, "but a lot of the time it’s in vain. I ask myself 'what will happen to all of us?'" For similar stories, see: The Children Working On Indian Coal Mines https://youtu.be/0ZA5Az09Zj4 Dangerous 'Rat-Hole' Mining Destroying India's Environment https://youtu.be/jEcA6jnaRek In Nicaragua Children Work in Quarries Instead of Going to School https://youtu.be/y35aStP7BHw Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: https://www.journeyman.tv/film/6750/gold-dust Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Wild Angle Productions – Ref. 6750 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 1185333 Journeyman Pictures
Blood Diamonds in Sierra Leone
 
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This is part of Project Global Inform. Our group wanted to spread awareness about blood diamonds in Sierra Leone, and the human rights violations occurring there.
Views: 304 bobmanrules05
Blood Diamonds World Geography
 
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by geya sheldon jonothan and joyce Bibliography: "Blood Diamonds - Documentary." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2016. "Blood Diamonds of Sierra Leone." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2016. "Diamonds of War: Africa's Blood Diamond." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2016. Mailonline, Flora Drury For. "Torture, Beatings and Murder: Inside the New Brutal 'blood Diamonds' Scandal Fuelled by Pure Greed in Africa's Mines." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 17 Apr. 2015. Web. 07 Mar. 2016.
Views: 130 Geyasri Kondapaneni