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Network Security - Kerckhoff's Principle
 
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Fundamentals of Computer Network Security This specialization in intended for IT professionals, computer programmers, managers, IT security professionals who like to move up ladder, who are seeking to develop network system security skills. Through four courses, we will cover the Design and Analyze Secure Networked Systems, Develop Secure Programs with Basic Cryptography and Crypto API, Hacking and Patching Web Applications, Perform Penetration Testing, and Secure Networked Systems with Firewall and IDS, which will prepare you to perform tasks as Cyber Security Engineer, IT Security Analyst, and Cyber Security Analyst. course 2 Basic Cryptography and Programming with Crypto API: About this course: In this MOOC, we will learn the basic concepts and principles of cryptography, apply basic cryptoanalysis to decrypt messages encrypted with mono-alphabetic substitution cipher, and discuss the strongest encryption technique of the one-time-pad and related quantum key distribution systems. We will also learn the efficient symmetric key cryptography algorithms for encrypting data, discuss the DES and AES standards, study the criteria for selecting AES standard, present the block cipher operating modes and discuss how they can prevent and detect the block swapping attacks, and examine how to defend against replay attacks. We will learn the Diffie-Hellman Symmetric Key Exchange Protocol to generate a symmetric key for two parties to communicate over insecure channel. We will learn the modular arithmetic and the Euler Totient Theorem to appreciate the RSA Asymmetric Crypto Algorithm, and use OpenSSL utility to realize the basic operations of RSA Crypto Algorithm. Armed with these knowledge, we learn how to use PHP Crypto API to write secure programs for encrypting and decrypting documents and for signing and verify documents. We then apply these techniques to enhance the registration process of a web site which ensures the account created is actually requested by the owner of the email account. Module 1 - Basic Cryptography In this module we learn the basic concepts and principles of crytography, introduce the basic concept of cryptoanalysis using mono-alphabetic substitution cipher as an example, and discuss the one-time-pad and quantum key distribution concepts. Learning Objectives • Compose secure program with Crypto API for encryption, authentication, and integrity checking • Understand terminologies of basic cryptography • Understand Kerchhoff Principle • Apply cryptoanalysis techniques on mono-alphabetic ciphers • Explain why one time pad is strongest and understand how quantum key can be distributed
Views: 487 intrigano
Blurry Box, a new encryption method to strengthen software protection
 
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https://www.wibu.com/bb Auguste Kerckhoffs postulated his eponymous principle back in the 19th century: "A cryptosystem should be secure even if everything about the system, except for the key, is public knowledge". This means that an effective cryptographic method does not have to be kept secret. If it were, you should wonder why. Wibu-Systems has been true to this principle for several years. Blurry Box cryptography offers software protection that is completely based on publicly available methods and that can thus be assessed and compared. Blurry Box makes it so hard to counterfeit the software that it would be easier and faster to re-develop the application from scratch! http://www.wibu.com/protection-suite/blurry-box-cryptography.html. To test the validity and strength of the newly patented encryption method Blurry Box, now integrated with the anti-debug and obfuscation methods of CodeMeter, Wibu-Systems launched a contest, open to all hackers around the globe. None of the 315 international participants managed to send in a full crack of the encryption scheme. http://www.blurrybox.com. Contact our encryption specialists to see which software protection solution works best for you: www.wibu.com/bb.
Views: 870 WIBU-SYSTEMS AG
Ethics - Applied Cryptography
 
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This video is part of an online course, Applied Cryptography. Check out the course here: https://www.udacity.com/course/cs387.
Views: 307 Udacity
INTRODUCTION TO CRYPTOGRAPHY IN HINDI
 
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find relevant notes at-https://viden.io/
Views: 61188 LearnEveryone
Network Security - Basic Cryptography
 
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Fundamentals of Computer Network Security This specialization in intended for IT professionals, computer programmers, managers, IT security professionals who like to move up ladder, who are seeking to develop network system security skills. Through four courses, we will cover the Design and Analyze Secure Networked Systems, Develop Secure Programs with Basic Cryptography and Crypto API, Hacking and Patching Web Applications, Perform Penetration Testing, and Secure Networked Systems with Firewall and IDS, which will prepare you to perform tasks as Cyber Security Engineer, IT Security Analyst, and Cyber Security Analyst. course 2 Basic Cryptography and Programming with Crypto API: About this course: In this MOOC, we will learn the basic concepts and principles of cryptography, apply basic cryptoanalysis to decrypt messages encrypted with mono-alphabetic substitution cipher, and discuss the strongest encryption technique of the one-time-pad and related quantum key distribution systems. We will also learn the efficient symmetric key cryptography algorithms for encrypting data, discuss the DES and AES standards, study the criteria for selecting AES standard, present the block cipher operating modes and discuss how they can prevent and detect the block swapping attacks, and examine how to defend against replay attacks. We will learn the Diffie-Hellman Symmetric Key Exchange Protocol to generate a symmetric key for two parties to communicate over insecure channel. We will learn the modular arithmetic and the Euler Totient Theorem to appreciate the RSA Asymmetric Crypto Algorithm, and use OpenSSL utility to realize the basic operations of RSA Crypto Algorithm. Armed with these knowledge, we learn how to use PHP Crypto API to write secure programs for encrypting and decrypting documents and for signing and verify documents. We then apply these techniques to enhance the registration process of a web site which ensures the account created is actually requested by the owner of the email account. Module 1 - Basic Cryptography In this module we learn the basic concepts and principles of crytography, introduce the basic concept of cryptoanalysis using mono-alphabetic substitution cipher as an example, and discuss the one-time-pad and quantum key distribution concepts. Learning Objectives • Compose secure program with Crypto API for encryption, authentication, and integrity checking • Understand terminologies of basic cryptography • Understand Kerchhoff Principle • Apply cryptoanalysis techniques on mono-alphabetic ciphers • Explain why one time pad is strongest and understand how quantum key can be distributed
Views: 240 intrigano
Blurry Box Cryptography: Collaborative Research Produces Revolutionary Encryption Method
 
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https://www.wibu.com/products/protection-suite/blurry-box-cryptography.html In 2014, we were proud to announce that a collaborative research effort between the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the FZI Research Center, and Wibu-Systems, resulted in the invention of the revolutionary Blurry Box encryption technology and the first prize for the 5th high profile German IT Security Award. Since then, the strength of Blurry Box encryption method was validated when more than 300 hackers were unable to crack the encryption scheme in a global hacking contest. We are now pleased that Blurry Box has been integrated into our standard CodeMeter Protection Suite, providing our customers with the ultimate in software protection. It is collaborations like this one that enables Wibu-Systems to continuously advance protection mechanisms and stay ahead of new malicious threats and attackers. To demonstrate the value of these collaborations, we captured on video a bit of history about the research behind Blurry Box and our collaborative goals for the future. In this interview, Joern Mueller-Quade, Director FZI and Professor KIT, provides a brief explanation of the theory behind Blurry Box technology and how the research and corporate partners worked together to develop a high-value software protection solution for the benefit of the global software industry. Oliver Winzenried, CEO and founder of Wibu-Systems, follows with a glimpse into Wibu-Systems’ future collaborative research efforts.
Views: 232 WIBU-SYSTEMS AG
Theory and Practice of Cryptography
 
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Google Tech Talks November, 28 2007 Topics include: Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Using Cryptography in Practice and at Google, Proofs of Security and Security Definitions and A Special Topic in Cryptography This talk is one in a series hosted by Google University: Wednesdays, 11/28/07 - 12/19/07 from 1-2pm Speaker: Steve Weis Steve Weis received his PhD from the Cryptography and Information Security group at MIT, where he was advised by Ron Rivest. He is a member of Google's Applied Security (AppSec) team and is the technical lead for Google's internal cryptographic library, KeyMaster.
Views: 112365 GoogleTechTalks
Fun facts & study tips at Kerckhoff and Ackerman
 
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What's happening in the UCLA Student Union? In this week's episode, Isa and Brianna show you some cool study spaces in Kerckhoff Hall and Ackerman Union. May 25th, 2015. Precious also talks about how Ackerman and Kerckhoff serve your study needs! Learn more about our Ackerman Union Open Late Program! http://asucla.ucla.edu/ackerman-union-open-late/ Have any questions or comments? Send us an email! [email protected] ---- Featuring: Precious Elam - Undergraduate Representative Jordan Wong - Undergraduate Representative
Views: 343 ASUCLAsince1919
28C3: The future of cryptology: which 3 letters algorithm(s) could be our Titanic? (en)
 
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For more information visit: http://bit.ly/28C3_information To download the video visit: http://bit.ly/28C3_videos Playlist 28C3: http://bit.ly/28C3_playlist Speakers: Jean-Jacques Quisquater | Renaud Devaliere RMS Olympic, RMS Titanic, HMHS Britannic vs Discrete Logarithm, Integer factorization, Conjectured hard problems The lessons and best practices of the titanic will be extracted. Are we ready? This will be a co-presentation (Jean-Jacques Quisquater / David Samyde) and occasional friendly exchange, with point and counter-point of different contrasting views on the impact of solving integer factorization and some other difficult problem in cryptography. The idea is to perform a provocative comparison between the 'unbreakable' RSA algorithm and the unsinkable Titanic. Receiving his RSA Conference Lifetime Achievement Award, Rivest said that it has not been demonstrated mathematically that factorization into primes is difficult. So "Factoring could turn out to be easy," and according to him "maybe someone here will find the method". Since 1994 and Shor's algorithm, the danger of quantum computer is known: breaking RSA in polynomial time. Factoring large numbers is conjectured to be computationally infeasible on classic non quantum computers. No efficient algorithm is known and the research in the last 30 years did not show enormous progress. Iceberg existence is predicted but not shown yet. According to Rivest a variety of alternative schemes have been developed in the decades since RSA was published, and a new system could probably be adopted quickly. This relies on solving factorization only, but several other cases can be considered, in some of them the action to replace RSA with a new algorithm could require more work than initially planned (solution to discrete logarithm). Managing the risk and the threat of the resolution of any major problem used in cryptography is crucial. This presentation challenges the conventional thinking using lessons learned from history.
Views: 924 Christiaan008
Cryptography
 
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Cryptography is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties . More generally, it is about constructing and analyzing protocols that overcome the influence of adversaries and which are related to various aspects in information security such as data confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation. Modern cryptography intersects the disciplines of mathematics, computer science, and electrical engineering. Applications of cryptography include ATM cards, computer passwords, and electronic commerce. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 243 encyclopediacc
Steganography | How To Save Any Data in Pictures किसी भी Photos में Secret Data By Vinod Singhania
 
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vp vinu productions | vinod | vinod Singhania | vinu | Hello friends i will show u how to Steganography | How To Save Any Data in Pictures किसी भी Photos में Secret Data By Vinod Singhania The same image viewed by white, blue, green and red lights reveals different hidden numbers. Steganography (/ˌstɛɡəˈnɒɡrəfi/ (About this sound listen) STEG-ə-NOG-rə-fee) is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video. The word steganography combines the Greek words steganos (στεγανός), meaning "covered, concealed, or protected," and graphein (γράφειν) meaning "writing". The first recorded use of the term was in 1499 by Johannes Trithemius in his Steganographia, a treatise on cryptography and steganography, disguised as a book on magic. Generally, the hidden messages appear to be (or be part of) something else: images, articles, shopping lists, or some other cover text. For example, the hidden message may be in invisible ink between the visible lines of a private letter. Some implementations of steganography that lack a shared secret are forms of security through obscurity, and key-dependent steganographic schemes adhere to Kerckhoffs's principle.[1] The advantage of steganography over cryptography alone is that the intended secret message does not attract attention to itself as an object of scrutiny. Plainly visible encrypted messages, no matter how unbreakable they are, arouse interest and may in themselves be incriminating in countries in which encryption is illegal.[2] Whereas cryptography is the practice of protecting the contents of a message alone, steganography is concerned with concealing the fact that a secret message is being sent as well as concealing the contents of the message. Steganography includes the concealment of information within computer files. In digital steganography, electronic communications may include steganographic coding inside of a transport layer, such as a document file, image file, program or protocol. Media files are ideal for steganographic transmission because of their large size. For example, a sender might start with an innocuous image file and adjust the color of every hundredth pixel to correspond to a letter in the alphabet. The change is so subtle that someone who is not specifically looking for it is unlikely to notice the change ========================================================================================================== Software link : - http://download.cnet.com/Xiao-Steganography/3000-2092_4-10541494.html . Subscribe to my channel :- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7xoxukJogCYHnBDcwagsVQ For any queries you can get me contact on my FB ,Insta & twitter page also:- #Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/vinod.shingh... #Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/vinod_singh... #twitter :- https://twitter.com/shinghaniyavin1 =============================================== Disclaimer Some contents are used for educational purpose under fair use. Copyright disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. Thanks For Stay there If enjoy then Like and subscribe
Views: 90 Vp
JANNE TÄGTSTRÖM - „Security Through Obscurity – why we need to think (and act) differently“
 
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JANNE TÄGTSTRÖM - Chief Technologist at Cisco Systems
Views: 193 WEBseminarai .lt
Armin Medosch- Artist & Curator
 
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MFA Computer Art, MFA Fine Arts and BFA Visual & Critical Studies present artist and curator Armin Medosch discussing his book, New Tendencies: Art at the Threshold of the Information Revolution (1961 – 1978), which was recently published by MIT Press. Armin Medosch, Ph.D., is a Vienna-based artist, curator and scholar working in art and media theory. In 2014, he curated the international exhibition "Fields" for the Riga European Capital of Culture, and is initiator of the Technopolitics working group in Vienna. The event is supported by the Austrian Cultural Forum New York and the Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery of Austria.
Cryptography | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptography 00:03:38 1 Terminology 00:07:53 2 History of cryptography and cryptanalysis 00:08:55 2.1 Classic cryptography 00:16:37 2.2 Computer era 00:19:13 2.3 Advent of modern cryptography 00:21:54 3 Modern cryptography 00:23:02 3.1 Symmetric-key cryptography 00:23:13 3.2 Public-key cryptography 00:23:28 3.3 Cryptanalysis 00:27:58 3.4 Cryptographic primitives 00:34:01 3.5 Cryptosystems 00:40:06 4 Legal issues 00:41:12 4.1 Prohibitions 00:43:02 4.2 Export controls 00:43:12 4.3 NSA involvement 00:45:45 4.4 Digital rights management 00:48:46 4.5 Forced disclosure of encryption keys 00:50:51 5 See also 00:53:36 6 References 00:55:46 7 Further reading Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8357640430680523 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Cryptography or cryptology (from Ancient Greek: κρυπτός, translit. kryptós "hidden, secret"; and γράφειν graphein, "to write", or -λογία -logia, "study", respectively) is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries. More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent third parties or the public from reading private messages; various aspects in information security such as data confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation are central to modern cryptography. Modern cryptography exists at the intersection of the disciplines of mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, communication science, and physics. Applications of cryptography include electronic commerce, chip-based payment cards, digital currencies, computer passwords, and military communications. Cryptography prior to the modern age was effectively synonymous with encryption, the conversion of information from a readable state to apparent nonsense. The originator of an encrypted message shares the decoding technique only with intended recipients to preclude access from adversaries. The cryptography literature often uses the names Alice ("A") for the sender, Bob ("B") for the intended recipient, and Eve ("eavesdropper") for the adversary. Since the development of rotor cipher machines in World War I and the advent of computers in World War II, the methods used to carry out cryptology have become increasingly complex and its application more widespread. Modern cryptography is heavily based on mathematical theory and computer science practice; cryptographic algorithms are designed around computational hardness assumptions, making such algorithms hard to break in practice by any adversary. It is theoretically possible to break such a system, but it is infeasible to do so by any known practical means. These schemes are therefore termed computationally secure; theoretical advances, e.g., improvements in integer factorization algorithms, and faster computing technology require these solutions to be continually adapted. There exist information-theoretically secure schemes that provably cannot be broken even with unlimited computing power—an example is the one-time pad—but these schemes are more difficult to use in practice than the best theoretically breakable but computationally secure mechanisms. The growth of cryptographic technology has raised a number of legal issues in the information age. Cryptography's potential for use as a tool for espionage and sedition has led many governments to classify it as a weapon and to limit or even prohibit its use and export. In some jurisdictions where the use of cryptography is legal, laws permit investigators to compel the disclosure of encryption keys for documents relevant to an investigation. Cryptography also plays a major role in digital rights management and copyright infringement of digital media.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Claude Shannon | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Shannon 00:01:08 1 Biography 00:01:18 1.1 Childhood 00:03:01 1.2 Logic circuits 00:06:20 1.3 Wartime research 00:10:26 1.4 Information theory 00:14:00 1.5 Teaching at MIT 00:14:27 1.6 Later life 00:15:17 1.7 Hobbies and inventions 00:16:47 1.8 Personal life 00:18:01 1.9 Tributes 00:19:44 2 Other work 00:19:53 2.1 Shannon's mouse 00:21:06 2.2 Shannon's estimate for the complexity of chess 00:21:54 2.3 Shannon's computer chess program 00:24:38 2.4 Shannon's maxim 00:25:00 3 Commemorations 00:25:10 3.1 Shannon Centenary 00:30:14 4 Awards and honors list Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8051588917203906 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon is noted for having founded information theory with a landmark paper, A Mathematical Theory of Communication, that he published in 1948. He is also well known for founding digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his fundamental work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
English shorthand/stenography between 100 and 120 wpm SPEECH/DICTATION-7 for competitive exams
 
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Steganography is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video. The word steganography combines the Greek words steganos, meaning "covered, concealed, or protected," and graphein meaning "writing". The first recorded use of the term was in 1499 by Johannes Trithemius in his Steganographia, a treatise on cryptography and steganography, disguised as a book on magic. Generally, the hidden messages appear to be (or be part of) something else: images, articles, shopping lists, or some other cover text. For example, the hidden message may be in invisible ink between the visible lines of a private letter. Some implementations of steganography that lack a shared secret are forms of security through obscurity, and key-dependent steganographic schemes adhere to Kerckhoffs's principle. The advantage of steganography over cryptography alone is that the intended secret message does not attract attention to itself as an object of scrutiny. Plainly visible encrypted messages, no matter how unbreakable they are, arouse interest and may in themselves be incriminating in countries in which encryption is illegal. Whereas cryptography is the practice of protecting the contents of a message alone, steganography is concerned with concealing the fact that a secret message is being sent as well as concealing the contents of the message. Steganography includes the concealment of information within computer files. In digital steganography, electronic communications may include steganographic coding inside of a transport layer, such as a document file, image file, program or protocol. Media files are ideal for steganographic transmission because of their large size. For example, a sender might start with an innocuous image file and adjust the color of every hundredth pixel to correspond to a letter in the alphabet. The change is so subtle that someone who is not specifically looking for it is unlikely to notice the change. ************************** History The first recorded uses of steganography can be traced back to 440 BC when Herodotus mentions two examples in his Histories. Histiaeus sent a message to his vassal, Aristagoras, by shaving the head of his most trusted servant, "marking" the message onto his scalp, then sending him on his way once his hair had regrown, with the instruction, “When thou art come to Miletus, bid Aristagoras shave thy head, and look thereon." Additionally, Demaratus sent a warning about a forthcoming attack to Greece by writing it directly on the wooden backing of a wax tablet before applying its beeswax surface. Wax tablets were in common use then as reusable writing surfaces, sometimes used for shorthand. In his work Polygraphiae Johannes Trithemius developed his so-called "Ave-Maria-Cipher" that can hide information in a Latin praise of God. "Auctor Sapientissimus Conseruans Angelica Deferat Nobis Charitas Potentissimi Creatoris" for example contains the concealed word VICIPEDIA.
Views: 30 Pioneer Academy
Sécurité 1 : Introduction à la Cryptographie
 
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Voici la première vidéo du module sur la sécurité informatique! J'y présente quelques notions fondamentales sur la sécurité et la cryptographie. Lien vers la vidéo suivante : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxRU8vgzyq4&t=54s Contenu : - Propriétés liveness et safety - Définitions : confidentialité, authenticité et intégrité - Confidentialité : chiffrement de plaintexts/déchiffrement de ciphertexts - Chiffrement de César - Chiffrement de Vigenère - Principe de Kerckhoffs - Définitions : cryptographies symétrique/asymétrique
Views: 18615 L'informateur
Claude E. Shannon | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Claude E. Shannon Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".Shannon is noted for having founded information theory with a landmark paper, A Mathematical Theory of Communication, that he published in 1948. He is, perhaps, equally well known for founding digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his fundamental work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts