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MICROBIOTA: DESCRIPCIÓN Y APLICACIONES CLÍNICAS. TOMÁS ÁLVARO. EQUISALUD
 
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El cuerpo humano es como un planeta que está habitado por una inmensa variedad y cantidad de microorganismos. En nuestro organismo viven unos 48 millones de bacterias, 60 billones de virus y varios miles de millones de hongos. Nuestra salud depende en gran parte del equilibrio adecuado de todos estos microorganismos. Debemos, por tanto, cuidar el hábitat en el que viven y se desarrollan y procurar que todas esas especies convivan en equilibrio. El conjunto de bacterias que viven en nuestro organismo se le denomina como microbiota, y la colonia más grande está ubicada en nuestro sistema digestivo. La salud digestiva y el equilibrio bacteriológico intestinal son fundamentales para tener una buena salud, ya que de ello depende la absorción de los alimentos y el buen funcionamiento de nuestro sistema defensivo. La investigación ha demostrado que la “microbiota normal” proporciona la primera línea de defensa contra los microorganismos patógenos, ayuda a la digestión, participa en la degradación de toxinas y contribuye a la maduración del sistema inmunitario. Durante la jornada adquirirá los conocimientos básicos sobre la microbiota y la importancia de ésta para nuestro organismo. Además, podrá conocer de primera mano los probióticos y prebióticos que forman parte de la línea Microbiota y cómo estos pueden ayudar al buen funcionamiento de nuestro sistema digestivo y, por ende, a nuestro bienestar general. Programa de la jornada: 1. Microbiota (MB) normal y patológica • El origen de la vida • Consorcios microbianos • Simbiogénesis • Holobiontes y superorganismos • Microbiota, fenotipo y conducta • El eje neuroentérico • Psiconeuroinmunología y microbiota • Microbiota e inmunidad • Microbiota, metagenómica y enterotipos • Microbiota normal • De la simbiosis a la disbiosis (tipos) • Microbiota y patología • Prebióticos, probióticos, posbióticos, antibióticos y psicobióticos. 2. Micriobiota: aplicaciones clínicas • Microbiota, sobrepeso y metabolismo • Microbiota y salud cardiovascular • Microbiota, embarazo y lactancia • Microbiota en pediatría • Microbiota y gastroenterología • Microbiota y ginecología • Microbiota y autoinmunidad • Microbiota y endocrinología • Microbiota y las enfermedades degenerativas • Microbiota en la salud mental • MB y microbiota • Alimentación y microbiota • Miscelánea y microbiota • Disponibilidad comercial de prebióticos, probióticos y simbióticos. Ponente: Dr. Tomás Álvaro Naranjo Doctor en Medicina, especialista en el estudio del sistema inmune y sus tumores. Máster en Investigación. Estudioso del campo de la Medicina energética y vibracional. Medicina Integrativa y Sintergética. Licenciado en Psicología Clínica, enfoque integrativo incluyendo el mundo de la psicología energética y la psicoterapia transpersonal. Científico e investigador del enfoque cuerpo-mente, la psiconeuroinmunología y de una comprensión holística del ser humano. Director médico del Centro de Medicina Integrativa Arjuna Tortosa. Más información en http://www.equisalud.com
Views: 4734 vealiatv
The Science of Wistar: Commensal Microbiota and Cancer
 
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Melanie Rutkowski, Ph.D., an associate staff scientist in the Conejo-Garcia laboratory, discusses the important of commensal microbiota, a host of organisms that help us fight infections, as well as the role they may play in certain types of cancer.
Views: 532 TheWistarInstitute
Mind-altering microbes: how the microbiome affects brain and behavior: Elaine Hsiao at TEDxCaltech
 
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Elaine Hsiao is a postdoctoral fellow in chemistry and biology at Caltech. She received her undergraduate degree in microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics from UCLA and her doctoral degree in neurobiology from Caltech with Professor Paul Patterson. She studied neuroimmune mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders and uncovered a role for the commensal microbiota in regulating autism-related behaviors, metabolism, and intestinal physiology. Elaine has received several honors, including predoctoral fellowships from the National Institute of Health, Autism Speaks and the Caltech Innovation Program. She is currently studying the mechanisms by which microbes modulate host production of neuroactive molecules and aims to better understand how the human microbiota influences health and disease. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations) On January 18, 2013, Caltech hosted TEDxCaltech: The Brain, a forward-looking celebration of humankind's quest to understand the brain, by exploring the past, present and future of neuroscience. Visit TEDxCaltech.com for more details.
Views: 232032 TEDx Talks
Periodontal Microbiota Vs Health Microbiota:  An Evidence!
 
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Microscope used in periodontal disease clearly indicate activity of the disease. Periodontitis is characterised by high number of leucocytes, active bacilla and numerous amebae parasites. https://www.editionsamyris.com/fr/anglais/97-to-kiss-or-not-to-kiss-a-cure-for-gum-disease.html On the opposite, health is evident abcence of leukocytes, absence of amebae and presence of epithelial cell and some non motile cocoid or filamentous bacteria. So, curing periodontal disease becomes easy to realise using microscopic parameters with perfect hygiene and medical removal of microbes including hematophageous parasites such as Entamoeba. Periodontal disease is easily detectable, preventable and completely curable with help of hospital grade microscope. Intervention and benefits are clear! For more information read: To Kiss or Not To Kiss. A cure for Gum Disease. Bonner M. Amyris Editions, 2013. http://www.perioheal.com Watch for periodontitis is associated with higher risk of cardiac disease, renal disease, pulmonary disease, premature baby, Alzheimer disease, osteoporosis, oral and colorectal cancer, rhumatoid arthritis, obesity and cognitive difficulty.
Views: 339 Mark Bonner
The gut flora: You and your 100 trillion friends: Jeroen Raes at TEDxBrussels
 
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Jeroen Raes is a bionaut, he researches the human microbiome. What he's discovered in his lab at the Flanders Institute of Biology could herald a major breakthrough not just in gastro-intestinal medicine, but in our fundamental knowledge of the human biology. It turns out that there are only three different types of gut bacteria and, just like blood groups, the three types are totally independent of race, sex, age or diet. Such a baffling finding leads to more research of course and Raes is currently testing his idea on a larger group . The implications for Crohn's Disease or obesity could be dramatic. http://www.tedxbrussels.eu In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 168899 TEDx Talks
MICROBIOLOGIA I - MICROBIOTA COMENSAL
 
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VÍDEO COM FIM PARA MEMORIZAR MEU ESTUDO E FACILITAR MINHA REVISÃO DE CONTEÚDO. Esse slide do vídeo, é o que meu professor me disponibilizou para estudos.
Views: 472 Paloma Souzza
Streptococcus agalactiae - Video Learning - WizScience.com
 
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""Streptococcus agalactiae"" is a gram-positive cocci with a tendency to form chains, streptococcus, beta-hemolytic, catalase-negative, and facultative anaerobe. "Streptococcus agalactiae" is the species designation for streptococci belonging to the group B of the Rebecca Lancefield classification. GBS is encapsulated by a capsular exopolysacharide rich in sialic acid. GBS are subclassified into ten serotypes depending on the immunologic reactivity of their polysaccharide capsule. In general, GBS is a harmless commensal bacterium being part of the human microbiota colonizing the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract of up to 30% of healthy human adults. GBS grows readily on blood agar plates as colonies surrounded by a narrow zone of β-hemolysis. GBS is characterized by the presence in the cell wall of the antigen group B of Lancefield classification that can be detected directly in intact bacteria using latex agglutination tests. The CAMP test is also another important test for identification of GBS. The CAMP factor produced by GBS acts synergistically with the staphylococcal β-hemolysin inducing enhanced hemolysis of sheep or bovine erythrocytes. Hemolytic GBS strains produce an orange-brick-red polyenic pigment when cultivated on granada agar that allows its straightforward identification. GBS is an asymptomatic colonizer of the gastrointestinal human tract in otherwise healthy adults. Nevertheless, this opportunistic harmless bacteria can, in some circumstances, cause severe invasive infections. As other virulent bacteria GBS harbours an important number of virulence factors, the most important are the capsular polysaccharide and a pore forming toxin, β-hemolysin. Wiz Science™ is "the" learning channel for children and all ages. SUBSCRIBE TODAY Disclaimer: This video is for your information only. The author or publisher does not guarantee the accuracy of the content presented in this video. USE AT YOUR OWN RISK. Background Music: "The Place Inside" by Silent Partner (royalty-free) from YouTube Audio Library. This video uses material/images from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptococcus+agalactiae, which is released under Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ . This video is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ . To reuse/adapt the content in your own work, you must comply with the license terms.
Views: 4793 Wiz Science™
FUERZA COMENSAL
 
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PORQUE LO BUENO DEBE CONTINUAR... "FUERZA COMENSAL".
Diabetes, Malaria, and a New Kingdom of Life - Microbial Minutes
 
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📄Microbial Minutes articles discussed 11.27.18 Bodogai M et al. Commensal bacteria contribute to insulin resistance in aging by activating innate B1a cells. Science Translational Medicine. Nov 14 2018. http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/10/467/eaat4271 Koh A et al. Microbially produced imidazole propionate impairs insulin signaling through mTORC1. Cell. October 25 2018. https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(18)31306-0 • Science News: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/gut-bacteria-may-guard-against-type-2-diabetes?tgt=nr Report: World Malaria Report 2018 November 19 2018.. http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world-malaria-report-2018/en/ Das S et al. Evidence of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in eastern India. New England Journal of Medicine. November 15 2018. https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMc1713777 • New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/19/health/malaria-deaths-who.html?smtyp=cur&smid=tw-nytimesscience • The Guardian: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/countries-hardest-hit-malaria-see-rise-cases/ Lax G et al. Hemimastigophora is a novel supra-kingdome-level lineage of eukaryotes. Nature. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0708-8.epdf • Popular Mechanics: https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a25182633/scientists-discover-a-whole-new-kingdom-of-life/ • CBC: https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/hemimastigotes-supra-kingdom-1.4715823 Niederholtmeyer H et al. Communication and quorum sensing in non-living mimics of eukaryotic cells. bioRxiv. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/10/16/352666 Mehta AP et al. Engineering yeast endosymbionts as a step toward the evolution of mitochondria. PNAS. November 5 2018. http://www.pnas.org/content/115/46/11796 • Science: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/11/biologists-create-most-lifelike-artificial-cells-yet • Nature: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07289-x • Microbial Sciences blog on minimal genomes: https://www.asm.org/index.php/general-science-blog/item/7510-does-a-minimal-genome-exist 👍 Subscribe to ASM's YouTube channel at https://goo.gl/mOVHlK 🔬 Learn more about the American Society for Microbiology at http://www.asm.org ✅ Become a member today at http://www.asmscience.org/join 📱 Interact with us on social at: Facebook Show your support and get updates on the latest microbial offerings and news from the ASM. http://www.facebook.com/asmfan ASM International Facebook Groups Join an ASM International Facebook Group and connect with microbiologists in your region. http://www.asm.org/index.php/programs/asm-international-facebook-groups Twitter Follow all the latest news from the Society. http://www.twitter.com/ASMicrobiology Instagram Outstanding images of your favorite viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites http://www.instagram.com/asmicrobiology/
What is Normal Flora ?
 
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Hello Viewers !!! My Name Is Kavindu Lakmal , Medical Laboratory Science Student From University Of Peradeniya. I hope this video will helpful for your studies & Knowledge ... Enjoy it ... Don't Forget to subscribe me ... You can update with more new videos .... Please Comment your ideas about Video .... ***********************Join With Us ****************************** For More Knowlegeful Videos & Photos ... Like FB Page :- https://www.facebook.com/AladdinCreat... Join Our FB Group :- https://www.facebook.com/groups/52413... Follow Us On Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/laboratory_... ****************************** HELP ME !!! *********************** I Love to make this like videos Continuously …. But everything need some money , So your little donation I really appreciate . Your just 1$ donation help to design many more videos … Become a Patron - https://www.patreon.com/user?u=4259366 ******************************************************************** Not Only That , Need To Design this Like Video For You Or Any Video Editing Help ??? Contact me ... [email protected] Skype Name - kavindu.lakmal11 Thank You #AladdinCreations #MedicalLaboratoeyScienceVideos #Microbiology #NormalFlora #Micro #Bacteriology ******************************************************************** Key Words :- Normal Flora,Flora,Mirobiology,Bacteria,Bacteria in Body,bacteria impotance,Harmless bacteria,What is Normal flora,microbiology,micro,bacteriology,Bacteriology videos,normal microflora of human body,biology education,opportunistic pathogen,normal flora microbiology,normal flora lecture,normal flora of the human body,normal flora of the skin,normal flora bacteria,biology educational videos,opportunistic pathogens,aladdin creations
Views: 23633 Aladdin Creations
Message du Président de Commensal - De végétariens à flexitariens
 
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Depuis quelques années, la pratique du flexitarisme augmente constamment. De plus en plus de gens choisissent d'accompagner occasionnellement une superbe assiette de fruits et légumes avec une viande ou un poisson savoureux dont ils connaissent l'origine. Plusieurs groupes végétariens voient ce courant d'un bon œil. Parce que si deux personnes réduisent de moitié leur consommation de viande, c'est aussi bien que si une seule adoptait un régime entièrement végétarien. À la demande de la majorité de nos clients, nous avons donc créé Commensal&cie à Boucherville, le premier restaurant flexitarien au Québec. Et aujourd'hui, tous les restaurants Commensal évoluent et deviennent flexitariens à leur tour. Les végétariens peuvent enfin inviter des non végétariens chez Commensal et partager avec eux une belle et bonne table. Bienvenue au nouveau Commensal
Views: 1305 restaurantscommensal
Streptococcus agalactiae
 
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Streptococcus agalactiae gram stain picture: Streptococcus agalactiae (also known as group B streptococcus or GBS) is a gram-positive coccus (round bacterium) with a tendency to form chains (as reflected by the genus name Streptococcus). It is a beta-hemolytic, catalase-negative, and facultative anaerobe.In general, GBS is a harmless commensal bacterium being part of the human microbiota colonizing the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract of up to 30% of healthy human adults (asymptomatic carriers). Streptococcus agalactiae is the species designation for streptococci belonging to group B of the Lancefield classification. GBS is surrounded by a bacterial capsule composed of polysaccharides (exopolysacharide). The species is subclassified into ten serotypes (Ia, Ib, II–IX) depending on the immunologic reactivity of their polysaccharide capsule.This is why the plural term group B streptococci (referring to the serotypes) and the singular term group B streptococcus (referring to the single species) are both commonly encountered. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Germ tube test" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-fSMpaRA2o -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 2254 Microhub Plus
Treatment of alcoholic liver disease and Akkermansia muciniphila
 
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To cite: Grander C, Adolph TE, Wieser V, et al. Gut Published Online First: 26 May 2017. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2016-313432 Read more here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2016-313432. Objective: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a global health problem with limited therapeutic options. Intestinal barrier integrity and the microbiota modulate susceptibility to ALD. Akkermansia muciniphila, a Gram-negative intestinal commensal, promotes barrier function partly by enhancing mucus production. The aim of this study was to investigate microbial alterations in ALD and to define the impact of A. muciniphila administration on the course of ALD. Conclusion: Ethanol exposure diminishes intestinal A. muciniphila abundance in both mice and humans and can be recovered in experimental ALD by oral supplementation. A. muciniphila promotes intestinal barrier integrity and ameliorates experimental ALD. Our data suggest that patients with ALD might benefit from A. muciniphila supplementation.
Views: 544 Gut
Probiotics benefits │ MegaEl-Dena │Vitaminized
 
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PROBIOTICS BENEFITS The human body is inhabited by a variety of microorganisms, mainly bacteria, most of which reside in the gastrointestinal tract; these microorganisms are referred to as the commensal microbiota (or commensal microflora). It has been estimated that the number of bacterial cells in the human body exceeds the number of our own cells by one order of magnitude. Because of the complex interactions among different bacterial species and between the host and the intestinal microbiota, our digestive tract can be considered as an ecosystem. Many of these microorganisms can be considered as our symbionts; their important function is to protect the host from invasion by pathogenic microorganisms, either by direct competition or via immunomodulation. The two approaches are not mutually exclusive; moreover, they can be used as complementary, leading to the concept of synbiotics, i.e. supplements containing both probiotics and prebiotics that synergistically stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria, both endogenous and those introduced with the supplement. MegaEl-Dena is a synbiotic containing FOS and as many as 8 species of viable beneficial bacteria: 4 species of Bifidobacterium (B. bifidum, B. breve, B. lactis, and B. longum), 3 species of Lactobacillus (L. acidophilus, L. casei, and L. rhamnosus), and Streptococcus thermophilus. Buy probiotics here: http://vitaminized.com/en/product/megael-dena#faq
Views: 1611 Vitaminized
Concepts émergents pour des maladies émergentes - Pr Sansonetti
 
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Présentation par Philippe Sansonetti de son cours au Collège de France 2016-2017 : "Concepts émergents pour des maladies émergentes". Plus d'informations : http://www.college-de-france.fr/site/philippe-sansonetti/course-2016-2017.htm
Views: 265 Collège de France
Propionibacterium acnes
 
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Propionibacterium acnes is the relatively slow-growing, typically aerotolerant anaerobic, Gram-positive bacterium (rod) linked to the skin condition acne; it can also cause chronic blepharitis and endophthalmitis, the latter particularly following intraocular surgery. The genome of the bacterium has been sequenced and a study has shown several genes can generate enzymes for degrading skin and proteins that may be immunogenic (activating the immune system). This bacterium is largely commensal and part of the skin flora present on most healthy adult humans' skin. It is usually just barely detectable on the skin of healthy preadolescents. It lives primarily on, among other things, fatty acids in sebum secreted by sebaceous glands in the follicles. It may also be found throughout the gastrointestinal tract in humans and many other animals. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 7386 Audiopedia
Le Caca est-il un médicament ? - Asclépios #8
 
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Le caca est-il un médicament ? __ Rejoignez-nous http://www.facebook.com/AsclPios http://twitter.com/Ascl_Pios (@Ascl_Pios) https://www.youtube.com/asclpios Pour soutenir la chaîne vous pouvez nous aider - en faisant un don sur Tipeee : https://fr.tipeee.com/Asclepios - si vous avez pas de sous, en regardant volontairement une petite pub sur le site Utip : https://www.utip.io/asclepios ___ Les copains du tournage Angle Droit : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_KidpuCqhbvqZedgq2DPpA Juris Planet : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8ZFaiEUQEdZyZkMQ4gcXLQ Graphisme et musique Boidin : https://www.youtube.com/user/battlefrite KronoMuzik : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5C9-4yOwA1NR2NHzq_r69g ___ Bibliographie - Egypte antique https://books.google.fr/books?id=YUycBgAAQBAJ&pg=PT44&lpg=PT44&dq=Rem%C3%A8des+excr%C3%A9mentiels&source=bl&ots=IbR4FVsYFp&sig=szPdCHilgllIRj_NzlOGcs96L2A&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwif_7SXoIPSAhWB2RoKHSZkCrcQ6AEIKDAD#v=onepage&q&f=false https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmacop%C3%A9e_dans_l%27%C3%89gypte_antique http://www.livescience.com/32078-ancient-egypt-cemetery-reveals-sex-season.html http://www.slate.fr/lien/72795/fertilite-egypte-ancienne http://www.mom.fr/image_carto/ServiceImage/loret/loret_0990-5952_1993_bul_7/PDF/loret_0990-5952_1993_bul_7_p25-38.pdf - Hippocrate http://asklepios.chez.com/hippocrate/maladie_sacree.htm http://remacle.org/bloodwolf/erudits/Hippocrate/pronostic.htm - Moyen-Âge : http://www.histoire-pour-tous.fr/dossiers/95-moyen-age/3914-la-medecine-et-les-remedes-du-moyen-age.html - Microbiote : https://www.inserm.fr/thematiques/physiopathologie-metabolisme-nutrition/dossiers-d-information/microbiote-intestinal-et-sante - Transplantation fécale http://ansm.sante.fr/var/ansm_site/storage/original/application/5e5e01018303790194275ded0e02353c.pdf Bactériothérapie fécale dans les infections à Clostridium Difficile : SB Debast MP Bauer EJ Kuijper European Society of Clinical Micro-biology and Infectious Diseases : Update of the treatment – guidance document for Clostridium difficile infection.. Clin Microbiol Infect 2014 Bactériothérapie fécale dans la RCH : http://www.snfge.org/gastroscoop/transplantation-fecale-dans-la-rectocolite-hemorragique-m-alors Chez les poulets : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4700893 - Design Scientifique : http://thisisalive.com/fr/e-chromi/ ___ Musique originale par KronoMuzik
Views: 50749 Asclépios
Christina Warinner: Tracking ancient diseases using ... plaque
 
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http://www.ted.com Imagine what we could learn about diseases by studying the history of human disease, from ancient hominids to the present. But how? TED Fellow Christina Warinner is an achaeological geneticist, and she's found a spectacular new tool -- the microbial DNA in fossilized dental plaque. TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes. Featured speakers have included Al Gore on climate change, Philippe Starck on design, Jill Bolte Taylor on observing her own stroke, Nicholas Negroponte on One Laptop per Child, Jane Goodall on chimpanzees, Bill Gates on malaria and mosquitoes, Pattie Maes on the "Sixth Sense" wearable tech, and "Lost" producer JJ Abrams on the allure of mystery. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and TEDTalks cover these topics as well as science, business, development and the arts. Closed captions and translated subtitles in a variety of languages are now available on TED.com, at http://www.ted.com/translate If you have questions or comments about this or other TED videos, please go to http://support.ted.com
Views: 36306 TED
Mercury From Dental Amalgam Creates Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
 
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Anne Summers PhD Discusses Mercury and Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria in relation to mercury amalgam dental fillings. Learn more at http://evidence-of-harm.com https://amara.org/v/bJEB/
Views: 634 Evidence of Harm
How Our Gut Bacteria Can Use Eggs to Accelerate Cancer
 
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The reason egg consumption is associated with elevated cancer risk may be the TMAO, considered the “smoking gun” of microbiome-disease interactions. Subscribe to Dr. Greger’s free nutrition newsletter and get the Evidence-Based Eating Guide: A Healthy Living Resource from Dr. Greger and NutritionFacts.org. Sign up at https://www.nutritionfacts.org/healthkit. What did the egg industry do in response to this information? Distort the scientific record of course! See Egg Industry Response to Choline and TMAO (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/egg-industry-response-to-choline-and-tmao). This is not the first time the egg industry has been caught in the act. See, for example: • Who Says Eggs Aren’t Healthy or Safe? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/who-says-eggs-arent-healthy-or-safe) • Does Cholesterol Size Matter? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/does-cholesterol-size-matter) • How the Egg Board Designs Misleading Studies (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-the-egg-board-designs-misleading-studies/) • Debunking Egg Industry Myths (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/debunking-egg-industry-myths) • Eggs and Cholesterol: Patently False and Misleading Claims (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/eggs-and-cholesterol-patently-false-and-misleading-claims) For background on TMAO see my original coverage in Carnitine, Choline, Cancer, and Cholesterol: The TMAO Connection (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/carnitine-choline-cancer-and-cholesterol-the-tmao-connection). This is all part of the microbiome revolution in medicine, the underappreciated role our gut flora play in our health. For more, see: • Stool pH and Colon Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/stool-ph-and-colon-cancer) • Bowel Wars: Hydrogen Sulfide vs. Butyrate (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/bowel-wars-hydrogen-sulfide-vs-butyrate) • Putrefying Protein & “Toxifying” Enzymes (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/putrefying-protein-and-toxifying-enzymes) • Microbiome: The Inside Story (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/microbiome-the-inside-story) • Prebiotics: Tending our Inner Garden (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/prebiotics-tending-our-inner-garden) • What’s your Gut Microbiome Enterotype? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/whats-your-gut-microbiome-enterotype) • How to Change your Enterotype (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-change-your-enterotype) • Paleopoo: What We Can Learn from Fossilized Feces (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/paleopoo-what-we-can-learn-from-fossilized-feces) • Gut Dysbiosis: Starving Our Microbial Self (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/gut-dysbiosis-starving-microbial-self) • Egg Industry Response to Choline & TMAO (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/egg-industry-response-to-choline-and-tmao) • Is Obesity Infectious? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/is-obesity-infectious) • How to Develop a Healthy Gut Ecosystem (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-develop-a-healthy-gut-ecosystem) • How to Become a Fecal Transplant Super Donor (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-become-a-fecal-transplant-super-donor) Have a question about this video? Leave it in the comment section at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-our-gut-bacteria-can-use-eggs-to-accelerate-cancer and someone on the NutritionFacts.org team will try to answer it. Want to get a list of links to all the scientific sources used in this video? Click on Sources Cited at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-our-gut-bacteria-can-use-eggs-to-accelerate-cancer. You’ll also find a transcript and acknowledgements for the video, my blog and speaking tour schedule, and an easy way to search (by translated language even) through our videos spanning more than 2,000 health topics. If you’d rather watch these videos on YouTube, subscribe to my YouTube Channel here: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nutritionfactsorg Thanks for watching. I hope you’ll join in the evidence-based nutrition revolution! -Michael Greger, MD FACLM http://www.NutritionFacts.org • Subscribe: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/subscribe • Donate: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/donate • HOW NOT TO DIE: http://nutritionfacts.org/book • Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NutritionFacts.org • Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/nutrition_facts • Instagram: http://instagram.com/nutrition_facts_org/ • Podcast : http://nutritionfacts.org/audio/
Views: 119882 NutritionFacts.org
Bacterias comensales, ¿pueden evolucionar hasta convertirse en infecciosas?
 
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Videocápsula informativa que proporciona una investigación sobre Bacterias comensales. Para esta y más notas sobre cuidados críticos, visite nuestra plataforma con la voz de los expertos en: https://www.pfizerpro.com.pe Fuentes: Nota 1: Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution. Young B, et al. eLife. Diciembre 2017. Disponible en: https://elifesciences.org/articles/30637 Créditos musicales: Operating System (Sting) by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...) Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/ Usted está saliendo de Health Connect. Los enlaces a todos los sitios web de terceros se ofrecen como un servicio a nuestros visitantes y no implican un endoso, cesión o recomendación por parte de Health Connect. Los artículos vinculados se proporcionan únicamente con fines informativos y no pretenden dar a entender una cesión por parte del autor y/o editor. Health Connect no acepta responsabilidad alguna por los contenidos o servicios de otro sitio web. Le recomendamos que revise las políticas y condiciones de todos los sitios web que usted elija visitar. Haciendo clic en los enlaces usted está saliendo de Health Connect. Los enlaces a todos los sitios web de terceros no implican un endoso, cesión o recomendación por parte de PFIZER. Los artículos vinculados se proporcionan con fines informativos únicamente y no pretenden dar a entender una cesión por parte del autor y/o editor. PFIZER no es responsable por la disponibilidad, los contenidos o servicios de otros sitios web. Le recomendamos que revise las políticas y condiciones de todos los sitios web que usted puede elegir visitar. Código de Aprobación: PERHOS9018014
Views: 38 HealthConnectPE
Probiota 2015 ProDigest SHIME: Simulator of Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem
 
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Discover SHIME: the Simulator of Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem at Probiota 2015 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands (3-5 February 2015) www.probiotaevent.com
Views: 1565 Vision Events
What lives on your skin? Bacteria that resides on your skin | Science Nature
 
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#Science #Nature #Technology What lives on your skin? The skin is a milieu for controlled bacterial growth. Skin supports the growth of commensal bacteria, which protect the host from pathogenic bacteria. Environmental and local factors, host immunity, and organism adherence and virulence are intricately related to cutaneous infection. Resident gram- positive bacteria include Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, and Corynebacterium sp. Staphylococcus aureus and Strepto coccus pyogenes are notoriously pathogenic in the skin. In order for bacteria to be pathogenic, they must be able to adhere to, grow on, and invade the host. Bacteria possess numerous virulence genes that allow for growth in these privileged niches. Epidermal infections caused by S. aureus and S. pyogenes include impetigo and ecthyma. Dermal infections consist of erysipelas, cellulitis, and necrotizing fasciitis. The pilosebaceous unit is involved in folliculitis, furunculosis, and carbunculosis. Moreover, S. aureus and S. pyogenes produce toxins that may elicit a superantigen response, causing massive release of cytokines. Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, toxic shock syndrome, and scarlet fever are all superantigen-mediated. Gram-negative organisms such as Pseudo monas aeruginosa, Pasteurella multocida, Capnocytophaga canimorsus, Bartonella sp., Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, and Vibrio vulnificus are not typical resident skin microflora but may cause cutaneous infection.
Views: 63 Science Nature
Comensal.mov
 
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Relectura de la imagen partiendo de su forma, alterando la relación figura-fondo y añadiendo, por medio pictórico, elementos que ofrezcan una lectura alternativa. El ejercicio previo a la ejecución pictórica exige un esfuerzo consciente de olvidar el significado de lo que se ve, que desemboca en la aparición de las lecturas alternativas que motivan la intervención pictórica, siempre atenta a conservar los datos de la imagen inicial que han desencadenado el proceso de relectura.
Views: 72 TheFunAmbulo
Microbiology - Normal bacterial Flora of Humans Part 1
 
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Bu videoyu YouTube Video Düzenleyicisi (http://www.youtube.com/editor) ile oluşturdum
Views: 4320 YBU TIP
Obésité liée à l’âge : le régime végétarien ou flexitarien serait bénéfique
 
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Obésité liée à l’âge : le régime végétarien ou flexitarien serait bénéfique Pour limiter la prise de poids liée à l’âge et l’obésité, adopter une alimentation pauvre en viande, comme un régime végétarien ou flexitarien, serait efficace. C’est ce qui ressort d’une étude scientifique hollandaise.
Controverse en parodontie? Mark Bonner dmd
 
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La maladie parodontale: une maladie négligée ! LIVRE Dr BONNER: https://www.editionsamyris.com/es/les-singuliers/27-tant-de-bouches-a-guerir-des-parasites-qui-les-vampirisent-vaincre-la-parodontite.html Oublier une partie de la science n'est pas une option! Ce qu'on ne vous a jamais dit : les parodontites sont infestées de Parasites. Nous sommes face a une amibiase orale et une trichomoniase orale! • Les maladies de la gencive touchent plus de 50% de la population adulte et sont dans la grande majorité des cas une manifestation d’une parasitose buccale. • Deux parasites dont l’amibe Entamoeba gingivalis est le microorganisme le plus commun retrouvé dans toutes les maladies parodontales. Sa présence est facile à confirmer en utilisant un microscope et des procédures cliniques simples. • Les patients affectés par cette amibe apprécient grandement d’en être informés même si elle a été considérée longtemps comme un organisme commensal. Ce parasite est hautement mobile, il a des capacités de phagocytose à l’encontre de notre système immunitaire et il possède des caractéristiques hautement pathogènes en plus de favoriser l’apparition de pus dans la gencive. Il est typiquement associé à la destruction des os des maxillaires. • Sa présence est constante dans les maladies parodontales destructrices et a été pratiquement oubliée par la profession dentaire depuis plus d’un siècle. • L’élimination complète d’ E. gingivalis amène une guérison rapide et stable des parodontites chroniques et agressives incluant l’arrêt des saignements, l’élimination de l’halitose, la fermeture des poches parodontales infectées à la condition que le tartre résiduel ait été enlevé et que la cicatrisation naturelle de la gencive puisse se poursuivre. • De nombreuses similarités et des ressemblances histologiques à l’égard d’E. histolytica et E. dispar devrait diriger l’attention des chercheurs envers ces caractéristiques pathogènes typiques et encourager l’isolation, la culture et les études biomoléculaires en regard de ses activités destructrices et de ses capacités pyogènes. • Les parasites E. gingivalis et possiblement sa contrepartie E. histolytica de même que le flagellé trichomonas tenax présents dans la bouche agissent comme des pathogènes agressifs et doivent être considérés comme tels. • L’élimination des parasites buccaux permet d’éviter la majorité des traitements chirurgicaux classiques devenus non nécessaires. • Leur présence dans les maladies de la gencive est inacceptable et leur disparition assure une guérison rapide comme l’atteste l’évaluation microscopique et l’examen clinique. Dysbiose microbienne et disruption inflammatoire sont évidentes et facile a gérer par la microscopie clinique. Meme simpliste. La maladie parodontale est facilement prévenable et guérissable grâce a la microscopie clinique et la médecine. Les techniques standard habituelles faisant fi de la gestion des parametres infectieux et inflammatoires definissant la maladie doivent etre considérées comme une totale imposture. http://www.parodontite.com http://www.perioheal.com https://www.editionsamyris.com/fr/5_bonner-mark
Views: 479 Mark Bonner
Le pire monstre d'Undertale! - Random Analyse #8
 
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Après cette longue pause (ouais j'avoue c'était abusé) voici le grand retour des Random Analyses, avec pour thème un des jeux les plus appréciés de ces 2 dernières années. Un épisode qui sera l'occasion pour moi de vous parler, entre autre, de tactiques militaires condamnées, de collaboration entre espèces vivantes et de la seconde guerre mondiale. Un programme assez simple quoi. Sources: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1vmXr09oY7E4wQ9GF62ewhHgjaxJc6UEnI_dwV2e418Y/edit?usp=sharing Rejoignez nous sur Twitter: https://twitter.com/RdmProjet Vidéos pour en savoir plus sur les sujets traités: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2M9PGu48xUw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H6tiR7qjKvA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqWvZSZBTy8
Views: 25593 Random Project
COG - CDC’s Candida Auris: Fatal Fungal PSYOP (Executive Order 10997 & Executive Order 11110)
 
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Gematria: COG - CDC’s Candida Auris: Fatal Fungal PSYOP (Executive Order 10997 & Executive Order 11110) http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/2016/11/gematria-cog-cdcs-candida-auris-fatal.html CNN: CDC identifies first US cases of drug-resistant fungal infection http://www.cnn.com/2016/11/04/health/drug-resistant-c-auris-found-in-us/ NPR: First Cases Of New, Infectious Fungus Reported In U.S. http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/11/04/500671640/first-cases-of-new-infectious-fungus-reported-in-u-s CDC: Candida auris http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/candida-auris.html CDC: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544e1.htm?s_cid=mm6544e1_w USA TODAY: Drug-resistant fungus linked to 4 U.S. hospital deaths http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2016/11/04/drug-resistant-fungus-linked-4-us-hospital-deaths/93288284/ FOX NEWS: Health officials find first cases of new superbug in US http://www.foxnews.com/health/2016/11/04/health-officials-find-first-cases-new-superbug-in-us.html DONATION 4 COG https://www.paypal.com/us/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_flow&SESSION=hSPJvhfKviBJIwImYJuxe5bpm7EKgmhGV127BXkIxG-ogFK4qV2auErHcRy&dispatch=5885d80a13c0db1f8e263663d3faee8d64813b57e559a2578463e58274899069 [email protected] https://twitter.com/CitizenofGotha1 [email protected]+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/112143831899532254233/about CitizenofGothamOpines http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/ COG - Gematria: Learning the Value of Numeration (for Self-Empowerment) http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/2015/07/gematria-learning-value-of-numeration.html COG - Prophetic and Subliminal Messaging of the NWO, Satan, and Jesus (The False Savior) in “I, Pet Goat II by Heliofant” http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/2015/03/prophetic-and-subliminal-messaging-of.html COG - The New Zoo Planet: The Homo-Sapien PSYOP http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/2015/02/the-new-zoo-planet-homo-sapien-psyop_28.html COG - Economist 2015 Cover: Eyes Wide Shut http://citizenofgothamopines.blogspot.com/2015/04/economist-2015-cover-eyes-wide-shut.html [email protected] Namaste
Views: 1826 Citizen of Gotham
Enquête vaccination 8-L'immunité naturelle des enfants, politique de santé ou de maladie ?
 
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Sous titrage disponible : français, anglais, arabe . Russe Espagnol et allemand à venir . Télécharger la version simplifiée et condensée des documents de recherche : https://www.enquete-vaccination.com/pdf/VACCINS-VC-A4_V2_PARTIE8.pdf Télécharger le document de recherche complet : https://www.enquete-vaccination.com/pdf/VACCINS-VL-A4_V3_PARTIE8.pdf Pour soutenir le team de traducteurs : https://www.patreon.com/contentforall/overview Regarder cette vidéo sur Solid Tube, plateforme de diffusion des vidéos non censurée : https://solid.tube/v/114702_9kbgaQx Bonjour, bienvenue dans le dernier épisode de cette série, aujourd'hui nous élargissons la perspective et retournons à la santé plus qu'à la maladie !! Qu'est ce que l'immunité naturelle ? comment la renforcer chez nos enfants (et plus agés ...) ? Que pourrait être un vraie politique de santé ? Le but de toute cette enquête est de me forger une conviction libre de toute influence, d'analyser les faits et de faire les meilleurs choix pour mon fils . Je vous donne de même tous les éléments pour vous aussi faire un choix éclairé pour vos enfants . Partagez cette série de vidéos qui peuvent enfin vous apporter des notions indispensables pour choisir en toute responsabilité ! Vous pouvez retrouver toutes ces vidéos sur le site : enquete-vaccination.com Faire un don à l'association Régénère : http://regenere.org/dons_76.html Les noix de coco fraîches Bio CoCoboys en exclusivité : http://www.cocoboys.bio/ - achat en gros possible ! La boutique de la régénération : https://regenerescence.com/boutique-fr/ Découvrir les stages Régénère : http://regenere.org/stages-conferences/ un extracteur de jus aux meilleurs conditions ? : https://regenerescence.com/ "Ce n'est pas parce qu’ils sont nombreux à avoir tort , qu'ils ont raison " Coluche "On ne change jamais les choses en combattant la réalité existante. Pour changer quelque chose, construisez un nouveau modèle qui rendra inutile l'ancien." Buckminster Fuller Linus Pauling, prix Nobel de la paix et prix Nobel de chimie : «L’alimentation optimale est la médecine de l’avenir».
Infection: Species Malassezia Part 1
 
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Species Malassezia is part of the normal flora, particularly present in sebumrich areas of the skin.
Views: 1132 Manuscriptedit Docs
The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century (Day 2)
 
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The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century (Day 2) Air date: Thursday, August 17, 2017, 8:15:00 AM Category: Conferences Runtime: 07:32:24 Description: The 2017 NIH-wide microbiome workshop will strive to cover advances that reveal the specific ways in which the microbiota influences the physiology of the host, both in a healthy and in a diseased state and how the microbiota may be manipulated, either at the community, population, organismal or molecular level, to maintain and/or improve the health of the host. The goal will be to seek input from a trans-disciplinary group of scientists to identify 1) knowledge gaps, 2) technical hurdles, 3) new approaches and 4) research opportunities that will inform the development of novel prevention and treatment strategies based on host/microbiome interactions over the next ten years. Author: NIH Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?23423
Views: 1851 nihvcast
Clinical trial evaluates R. mucosa for atopic dermatitis
 
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The inflammatory skin disease atopic dermatitis is characterized by decreased epidermal barrier function, susceptibility to S. aureus infection, and immune dysfunction. Recently, the commensal bacterium Roseomonas mucosa was shown to improve atopic dermatitis-like phenotypes in murine models. In this episode, Ian Myles and colleagues evaluate safety and efficacy of topical administration of R. mucosa in a small cohort of adults and children with atopic dermatitis. Overall, R. mucosa treatment was considered safe and reduced disease severity in both children and adults. The results from this initial study supports further evaluation of topical R. mucosa for treating atopic dermatitis.
Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI) Case Studies
 
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This video is for everyone who is collecting or reporting NHSN CLABSI Surveillance. This course allows the user to accurately apply the NHSN definitions and criteria in case scenarios for CLABSI. Comments on this video are allowed in accordance with our comment policy: http://www.cdc.gov/SocialMedia/Tools/CommentPolicy.html This video can also be viewed at http://streaming.cdc.gov/vod.php?id=2bf56071beafd1d66338bbdd8b0063a520130305144041379
Bacteria | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Bacteria 00:04:11 1 Etymology 00:04:35 2 Origin and early evolution 00:06:21 3 Morphology 00:09:47 4 Cellular structure 00:09:57 4.1 Intracellular structures 00:12:20 4.2 Extracellular structures 00:16:35 4.3 Endospores 00:17:51 5 Metabolism 00:20:46 6 Growth and reproduction 00:24:37 7 Genetics 00:28:08 8 Behaviour 00:28:17 8.1 Movement 00:30:40 8.2 Communication 00:32:11 9 Classification and identification 00:37:29 10 Interactions with other organisms 00:38:09 10.1 Predators 00:38:56 10.2 Mutualists 00:40:41 10.3 Pathogens 00:43:42 11 Significance in technology and industry 00:46:30 12 History of bacteriology 00:49:22 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Bacteria ( (listen); common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are a type of biological cell. They constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, water, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, and the deep portions of Earth's crust. Bacteria also live in symbiotic and parasitic relationships with plants and animals. Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. The study of bacteria is known as bacteriology, a branch of microbiology. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. There are approximately 5×1030 bacteria on Earth, forming a biomass which exceeds that of all plants and animals. Bacteria are vital in many stages of the nutrient cycle by recycling nutrients such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere. The nutrient cycle includes the decomposition of dead bodies; bacteria are responsible for the putrefaction stage in this process. In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, extremophile bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds, such as hydrogen sulphide and methane, to energy. Data reported by researchers in October 2012 and published in March 2013 suggested that bacteria thrive in the Mariana Trench, which, with a depth of up to 11 kilometres, is the deepest known part of the oceans. Other researchers reported related studies that microbes thrive inside rocks up to 580 metres below the sea floor under 2.6 kilometres of ocean off the coast of the northwestern United States. According to one of the researchers, "You can find microbes everywhere—they're extremely adaptable to conditions, and survive wherever they are."The famous notion that bacterial cells in the human body outnumber human cells by a factor of 10:1 has been debunked. There are approximately 39 trillion bacterial cells in the human microbiota as personified by a "reference" 70 kg male 170 cm tall, whereas there are 30 trillion human cells in the body. This means that although they do have the upper hand in actual numbers, it is only by 30%, and not 900%.The largest number exist in the gut flora, and a large number on the skin. The vast majority of the bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system, though many are beneficial, particularly in the gut flora. However several species of bacteria are pathogenic and cause infectious diseases, including cholera, syphilis, anthrax, leprosy, and bubonic plague. The most common fatal bacterial diseases are respiratory infections, with tuberculosis alone killing about 2 million people per year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. In developed countries, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and are also used in farming, making antibiotic resistance a growing problem. In industry, bacteria are important in sewage treatment and the breakdown of oil spills, the production of cheese an ...
Views: 34 wikipedia tts
Bacteria | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteria 00:04:12 1 Etymology 00:04:36 2 Origin and early evolution 00:06:22 3 Morphology 00:09:49 4 Cellular structure 00:09:58 4.1 Intracellular structures 00:12:22 4.2 Extracellular structures 00:16:36 4.3 Endospores 00:17:52 5 Metabolism 00:20:48 6 Growth and reproduction 00:24:40 7 Genetics 00:28:11 8 Behaviour 00:28:20 8.1 Movement 00:30:44 8.2 Communication 00:32:15 9 Classification and identification 00:37:35 10 Interactions with other organisms 00:38:14 10.1 Predators 00:39:01 10.2 Mutualists 00:40:47 10.3 Pathogens 00:43:49 11 Significance in technology and industry 00:46:37 12 History of bacteriology 00:49:29 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Bacteria ( (listen); common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are a type of biological cell. They constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, water, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, and the deep portions of Earth's crust. Bacteria also live in symbiotic and parasitic relationships with plants and animals. Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. The study of bacteria is known as bacteriology, a branch of microbiology. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. There are approximately 5×1030 bacteria on Earth, forming a biomass which exceeds that of all plants and animals. Bacteria are vital in many stages of the nutrient cycle by recycling nutrients such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere. The nutrient cycle includes the decomposition of dead bodies; bacteria are responsible for the putrefaction stage in this process. In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, extremophile bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds, such as hydrogen sulphide and methane, to energy. Data reported by researchers in October 2012 and published in March 2013 suggested that bacteria thrive in the Mariana Trench, which, with a depth of up to 11 kilometres, is the deepest known part of the oceans. Other researchers reported related studies that microbes thrive inside rocks up to 580 metres below the sea floor under 2.6 kilometres of ocean off the coast of the northwestern United States. According to one of the researchers, "You can find microbes everywhere—they're extremely adaptable to conditions, and survive wherever they are."The famous notion that bacterial cells in the human body outnumber human cells by a factor of 10:1 has been debunked. There are approximately 39 trillion bacterial cells in the human microbiota as personified by a "reference" 70 kg male 170 cm tall, whereas there are 30 trillion human cells in the body. This means that although they do have the upper hand in actual numbers, it is only by 30%, and not 900%.The largest number exist in the gut flora, and a large number on the skin. The vast majority of the bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system, though many are beneficial, particularly in the gut flora. However several species of bacteria are pathogenic and cause infectious diseases, including cholera, syphilis, anthrax, leprosy, and bubonic plague. The most common fatal bacterial diseases are respiratory infections, with tuberculosis alone killing about 2 million people per year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. In developed countries, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and are also used in farming, making antibiotic resistance a growi ...
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