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Your Microbiome: The Invisible Creatures That Keep You Alive!
 
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Viewers like you help make PBS (Thank you 😃) . Support your local PBS Member Station here: https://to.pbs.org/PBSDSDonate Try Audible today: http://www.audible.com/ok “I Contain Multitudes” by Ed Yong http://amzn.to/2aE5rlf ↓ More info and sources below ↓ Get yourself an awesome IOTBS shirt! http://dftba.com/besmart Learn more/references: Fujimura, Kei E., et al. "House dust exposure mediates gut microbiome Lactobacillus enrichment and airway immune defense against allergens and virus infection." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111.2 (2014): 805-810. Strachan, David P. "Family size, infection and atopy: the first decade of the 'hygiene hypothesis'." Thorax 55.Suppl 1 (2000): S2. Gerrard, J. W., et al. "Serum IgE levels in white and metis communities in Saskatchewan." Annals of allergy 37.2 (1976): 91-100. Kuleshov, Volodymyr, et al. "Synthetic long-read sequencing reveals intraspecies diversity in the human microbiome." Nature biotechnology 34.1 (2016): 64-69. Li, Junhua, et al. "An integrated catalog of reference genes in the human gut microbiome." Nature biotechnology 32.8 (2014): 834-841. Elahi, Shokrollah, et al. "Immunosuppressive CD71+ erythroid cells compromise neonatal host defence against infection." Nature 504.7478 (2013): 158-162. Gibbons, Deena, et al. "Interleukin-8 (CXCL8) production is a signatory T cell effector function of human newborn infants." Nature medicine 20.10 (2014): 1206-1210. German, J., et al. "Human milk oligosaccharides: evolution, structures and bioselectivity as substrates for intestinal bacteria." Personalized Nutrition for the Diverse Needs of Infants and Children. Vol. 62. Karger Publishers, 2008. 205-222. Sela, D. A., et al. "The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis reveals adaptations for milk utilization within the infant microbiome."Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105.48 (2008): 18964-18969. C-section statitics: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-2015_health_glance-2015-en Kroiss, Johannes, et al. "Symbiotic streptomycetes provide antibiotic combination prophylaxis for wasp offspring." Nature Chemical Biology 6.4 (2010): 261-263. Zaneveld, Jesse, et al. "Host-bacterial coevolution and the search for new drug targets." Current opinion in chemical biology 12.1 (2008): 109-114. ---------------- It’s Okay To Be Smart is written and hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D. Have an idea for an episode or an amazing science question you want answered? Leave a comment or check us out at the links below! Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/itsokaytobesmart Twitter: http://twitter.com/okaytobesmart http://twitter.com/jtotheizzoe Tumblr: http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/jtotheizzoe Snapchat: YoDrJoe Produced by PBS Digital Studios Music via APM Stock images from SciencePhoto http://www.sciencephoto.com/ and Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com Stock footage from Videoblocks (unless otherwise noted) http://www.videoblocks.com
Views: 488644 It's Okay To Be Smart
Why Meditate?  |  Change your Brain's Default Mode
 
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Neuroscience behind why meditation helps you control your mind. ▲Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/WILearned ▲Twitter: https://twitter.com/jeverettlearned Someone wiser than me said that "taking on the practice of meditation is not so much adding something to your life, but rather removing things, obstacles to you awareness." This is definitely in line with the point of the video. Myself included, (it seems) most of us are constantly trying to find ways to keep ourselves operating at a faster, more productive, more focused pace. Like turning up the volume on the stereo when we want to hear more clearly, we try and will ourselves to focus "harder" as well as amp our brains' ability to focus by taking stimulants like coffee. The kind of improvement that meditation provides isn't so much like this- instead, it's like hearing more clearly by walking into a quieter room. For me, meditation has turned down the loud mind chatter offering up all kinds of activities that are different from what I'm trying to do in the moment, improving focus in a subtle but effective way. There are several other health benefits, which are outside the scope of this video, but I don't much like that meditation is presented as a panacea nowadays. It has vast benefits, and I'm sure anyone would benefit from it, but I like Dan Harris's non-overpromising remark that it makes him "10% Happier" Books Mentioned: "Flow" by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - http://amzn.to/2ziiOE3 "The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of The Bicameral Mind" by Julian Jaynes - http://amzn.to/2zgSOsC "10% Happier" by Dan Harris - http://amzn.to/2hAqCHC "Homo Deus" by Yuval Noah Harari - http://amzn.to/2irbv2F "Waking Up" by Sam Harris - http://amzn.to/2AgKHui For business inquiries: [email protected]
Views: 1037397 What I've Learned
Bowel Wars: Hydrogen Sulfide vs. Butyrate
 
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Sulfur dioxide preservatives in dried fruit, sulfites in wine, and the putrefaction of undigested animal protein in the colon can release hydrogen sulfide, the rotten egg gas associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Subscribe to Dr. Greger’s free nutrition newsletter and get the Evidence-Based Eating Guide: A Healthy Living Resource from Dr. Greger and NutritionFacts.org. Sign up at https://www.nutritionfacts.org/healthkit. More than 35 years ago studies started (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/412611) implicating sulfur dioxide preservatives in the exacerbation of asthma. This so-called “sulfite-sensitivity” seems to affect only about (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8586770) 1 in 2000 people, so I recommended those with asthma avoid it, but otherwise I considered the preservative harmless. I am now not so sure, and advise people to avoid it when possible. How could companies just add things to foods without adequate safety testing? See Who Determines if Food Additives are Safe? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/who-determines-if-food-additives-are-safe/) For other additives that may be a problem, see Titanium Dioxide & Inflammatory Bowel Disease (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/titanium-dioxide-inflammatory-bowel-disease/) and Is Carrageenan Safe? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/is-carrageenan-safe/) For more on the relationship between hydrogen sulfide and inflammatory bowel disease, see my video Preventing Ulcerative Colitis with Diet (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/preventing-ulcerative-colitis-with-diet/). More on this epid fermentation battle in our gut in Stool pH and Colon Cancer (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/stool-ph-and-colon-cancer/). Does the sulfur-containing amino acid methionine sound familiar? You may remember it from such hits as Starving Cancer with Methionine Restriction (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/starving-cancer-with-methionine-restriction/) and Methionine Restriction as a Life Extension Strategy (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/methionine-restriction-as-a-life-extension-strategy/). These short chain fatty acids released by our good bacteria when we eat fiber and resistant starches is what may be behind the second meal effect: Beans and the Second Meal Effect (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/beans-and-the-second-meal-effect/). What about Crohn’s? Glad you asked! See Preventing Crohn’s Disease With Diet (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/preventing-crohns-disease-with-diet/) and Dietary Treatment of Crohn’s Disease (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/achieving-remission-of-crohns-disease/). Have a question for Dr. Greger about this video? Leave it in the comment section at http://nutritionfacts.org/video/bowel-wars-hydrogen-sulfide-vs-butyrate and he'll try to answer it! http://www.NutritionFacts.org • Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NutritionFacts.org • Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/nutrition_facts • Podcast: http://nutritionfacts.org/audio/ • Subscribe: http://http://nutritionfacts.org/subscribe/ • Donate: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/donate
Views: 49135 NutritionFacts.org
What your Body Will Look Like in 50 Years - The World in 50 Years (Documentary) | 2/2
 
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The 2. part concentrates on the future of the human body. The effect of medical progress on the body will dramatically change daily life, but this will be compounded by other technological innovations. “Intelligent” clothing and surroundings will serve to constantly monitor a person’s health and well-being in real time. Micro-chips and sensors will be ubiquitous in all kinds of products and will keep just about everything around us online at all times. Intelligent jackets that monitor important vital signs like respiration and pulse already exist as prototypes. Their data could easily be transmitted via a wireless signal, permitting the wearer to be located immediately in case of an emergency. The elderly, the infirmed and even children could be the first to benefit from this invention. In our dramatic story, protagonist Alain Dega is seriously injured in an automobile accident – a rarity in his day - and receives immediate medical attention thanks in part to his “intelligent” clothing. With multiple fractures and a hairline crack to his artificial heart, Alain is rushed by air-ambulance to the hospital of the future. ---- This channel offers you full episodes of high quality documentaries. Enjoy and don't forget to subscribe :) ---- Other channels you might be interested in: criminals and crimefighters: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYuXyzwA_w4-c1FJrqOnR0A hazards and catastrophes: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5WE_bClugxSVG1ENir8qzg
Views: 5725 space and astronomy
Quello che NON volevi sapere sul panda - SCIENZA BRUTTA
 
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Il panda fa schifo ad essere un panda. Benvenuti al nuovo episodio di #SCIENZABRUTTA La divulgazione male Grazie ad Animalogic per alcune clip. Qui trovate il loro video in merito https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IToO8mlYXzY&t=129s Su questo sito potete potete candidarvi come panda nanni. In bocca al lupo http://www.sohu.com/ Se foste persone noiose e voleste altre considerazioni, ecco degli articoli utili: Davis, D. D. (1964). The giant panda: a morphological study of evolutionary mechanisms. Fieldiana (Zoology Memoirs), 3, 1-339. Chen, Y.-P., L, Maltby, Q. Liu, Y.-J. Zheng, A.M. Ellison, Q.-Y. Ma, & X.-M. Wu. 2016. Captive pandas are at risk from environmental toxins. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 14: 363-367. Chen, Y.-P., Y. Zhao, A. M. Ellison, Q. Liu, & Y. Zheng. 2017. PBDEs pose a risk to captive pandas. Environmental Pollution 226: 174-181. Chen, Y.-P., Y.-J. Zheng, Q. Liu, Y. Song, Z.-S. An, Q.-Y. Ma, & A.M. Ellison. 2017. Atmospheric deposition exposes pandas to toxic pollutants. Ecological Applications 27: 343-348. Zhu, L., Wu, Q., Dai, J., Zhang, S., & Wei, F. (2011). Evidence of cellulose metabolism by the giant panda gut microbiome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(43), 17714-17719. Koerth-Baker, M. 2017. The complicated legacy of a panda who was really good at sex. FiveThirtyEight.com, November 28, 2017. Available online: Liu, J.G. 2015. Promises and perils for the panda. Science 345: 642. Zhao, H., Yang, J. R., Xu, H., & Zhang, J. (2010). Pseudogenization of the umami taste receptor gene Tas1r1 in the giant panda coincided with its dietary switch to bamboo. Molecular biology and evolution, 27(12), 2669-2673. Loucks, C. J., Lü, Z., Dinerstein, E., Wang, H., Olson, D. M., Zhu, C., & Wang, D. (2001). Giant pandas in a changing landscape. Xu, W., A. Viña, L. Kong, S.L. Pimm, J. Zhang, W. Yang, Y. Xiao, L. Zhang, X. Chen, J. Liu, and Z. Ouyang. 2017. Reassessing the conservation status of the giant panda using remote sensing. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1635-1638. Charlton, B. D., Zhihe, Z., & Snyder, R. J. (2009). The information content of giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, bleats: acoustic cues to sex, age and size. Animal Behaviour, 78(4), 893-898. Qui trovate il primo video stracenzuratessemo di Scienza Brutta https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sa74nu31W9g Unisciti alla ciurma: Instagram - barbascura_x Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/barbascurax Twitter - https://twitter.com/BarbascuraX
Views: 692095 Barbascura X
REMEDIO QUE CURA TODAS LAS ENFERMEDADES
 
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Para mas información visitamos en http://curacionalterna.blogspot.com/ Remedio natural para el insomnio http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Z8quCLysQI0
Views: 8052952 Alconrrojo Alfons
Guerras Intestinais: Sulfeto de Hidrogénio vs  Butirato
 
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Subscrevam aos vídeos do Dr. Greger em: http://bit.ly/nutricaoemfactossubscrever NOTAS DO DR GREGER: Conservantes de dióxido de enxofre nos frutos secos, sulfitos no vinho e a putrefação de proteína animal não digerida no cólon podem libertar sulfeto de hidrogénio, o gás de ovo podre associado a doença inflamatória do intestino. Há mais de 35 anos atrás, estudos começaram (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/412611) a implicar os conservantes de dióxido de enxofre na exacerbação da asma. Esta assim chamada “sensibilidade aos sulfitos” parecia afetar apenas cerca (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8586770) de 1 em cada 2000 pessoas, logo, recomendei àqueles com asma que os evitassem, mas de outro modo considerei este conservante inofensivo. Já não estou tão seguro, e aconselho as pessoas a evitarem-no sempre que possível. Como é que as empresas simplesmente adicionam coisas aos alimentos sem testes de segurança adequados? Vejam Quem Determina se os Aditivos Alimentares São Seguros? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/who-determines-if-food-additives-are-safe/) Para outros aditivos que possam ser problema, vejam Dióxido de Titânio e Doença Inflamatória do Intestino (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/titanium-dioxide-inflammatory-bowel-disease/) e As Carrageninas São Seguras? (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/is-carrageenan-safe/) Para mais sobre a relação entre sulfeto de hidrogénio e doença inflamatória do intestino, vejam o meu vídeo Prevenindo a Colite Ulcerativa com Dieta (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/preventing-ulcerative-colitis-with-diet/). Mais sobre esta batalha de fermentação no nosso intestino e pH das Fezes e Cancro do Cólon (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/stool-ph-and-colon-cancer/). O aminoácido sulfurado metionina soa-lhe familiar? Poderá recordar-se dele destes sucessos como Matando o Cancro de Fome com Restrição de Metionina (http://nutricao-em-fatos.org/cancro-restricao-metionina/) e Restrição de Metionina como Estratégia de Extensão do Tempo de Vida (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/methionine-restriction-as-a-life-extension-strategy/). Estes ácidos gordos de cadeia curta libertados pelas nossas boas bactérias quando comemos fibra e amidos resistentes é o que poderá estar por trás do efeito da segunda refeição: Feijão e o Efeito da Segunda Refeição (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/beans-and-the-second-meal-effect/). E quanto à doença de Crohn? Ainda bem que perguntou! Veja Prevenindo a Doença de Crohn com Dieta (http://nutricao-em-fatos.org/prevenindo-a-doenca-de-crohn-com-dieta/ Legendado em Português) e Tratamento Dietético da Doença de Crohn (http://nutritionfacts.org/video/achieving-remission-of-crohns-disease/). Tem uma questão para o Dr. Greger sobre este vídeo? Deixe-a na secção de comentários em http://nutritionfacts.org/video/bowel-wars-hydrogen-sulfide-vs-butyrate/ Todas as fontes científicas usadas neste vídeo podem ser encontradas aqui: http://nutricao-em-fatos.org/sulfeto-hidrogenio-vs-butirato/ "Nutrição em Factos", em http://nutricao-em-fatos.org traduz e publica em português, quase diariamente, todos os conteúdos de NutritionFacts.org Nutrição em Factos - Nutricao-em-Fatos.org • Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NutricaoEmFatos/ • Twitter: https://twitter.com/nutricaoemfatos • Subscrever: http://bit.ly/nutricaoemfactossubscrever http://www.NutritionFacts.org • Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NutritionFacts.org • Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/nutrition_facts • Podcast: http://www.bit.ly/NFpodcast • Subscribe: http://www.bit.ly/nutritionupdates • Donate: http://www.NutritionFacts.org/donate