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Earth | South Africa's Secret Diamonds
 
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The 1867 discovery of diamonds in the Cape Colony, South Africa, radically modified not only the world’s supply of diamonds but also the conception of them. As annual world diamond production increased more than tenfold in the following 10 years, a once extremely rare material became accessible to Western society with its growing wealth. Today South Africa maintains its position as a major diamond producer. The story of diamonds in South Africa begins between December 1866 and February 1867 when 15-year-old Erasmus Jacobs found a transparent rock on his father’s farm, on the south bank of the Orange River. Over the next few years, South Africa yielded more diamonds than India had in over 2,000 years.
Views: 3076 ED DocumentaryTV
Diamond mining in South Africa
 
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJV-HkunqHo
Views: 42284 NhuHuynh268
Diving For Secret Diamonds In South Africa - Documentary
 
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Subscribe to Insomnia Team for daily documentaries! For more Great documentaries check out this playlist: Diamond Mining - How are diamonds mined and formed? Documentary Film In mineralogy, diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are organized in a variation of the. Secrets of Undersea Shipwreck Treasure Hunters (Full Documentary) Secrets of Undersea Shipwreck Treasure Hunters (Full Documentary) Secrets of Undersea Shipwreck Treasure Hunters (Full Documentary. The South African perlemoen is regarded as the most valuable abalone in the world, but the abalone fishery in South Africa is facing a major crisis. With wild abalone populations plummeting. Wild Dog Divers mining underwater for diamonds.
Views: 20518 Kevin Schoof
The True Story Of Blood Diamonds - Full Documentary
 
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Sign up to Swagbucks and earn $100s a year by shopping online, watching videos and taking surveys. Click this link for a $3 sign-up bonus: http://bit.ly/2BwRCil Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo.
Views: 101121 Documentary Warehouse
Mining Centre Johannesburg (1948)
 
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An educational film from the 1940s about mining in Johannesburg, South Africa. To purchase a clean DVD of this film for personal home use or educational use contact us at [email protected] To license footage from this film for commercial use visit: www.travelfilmarchive.com
Views: 1928 travelfilmarchive
South Africa Diamond Deposits of Orange River (DOCUMENTARY)
 
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South Africa Diamond Deposits of Orange River (DOCUMENTARY)
Views: 12195 josh holmes
GOLD INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA & HISTORY OF GOLD MINING 42994
 
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“Visions of Gold” is a short color film on “Gold! The thread from which we weave our dreams! The key to stability!” Produced by South African film maker Emil Nofal in the mid-1960s, the film opens with rows of gold bars as the narrator Joe Stewardson explains how (in1 885) itinerant prospectors George Walker, along with George Harrison, stumbled on surface outcrops of gold-rich conglomerate on an old farm near the Witwatersrand basin —land that is now near the center of Johannesburg. (Both men quickly sold their claims for the equivalent of a few hundred dollars. Today, the gold fields in the region are worth billions.) From across the world, prospectors descended on South Africa in search of gold, as we see throngs of prospectors and opportunists starting at mark 02:45. Spurred on by visions of wealth, the fortune hunters eventually thought they had taken all the gold that was there, we are told. But at mark 06:10, Stewardson explains that more inventive prospectors at the turn of the 20th century found ways to dig deeper into the Earth in search of gold. The worldwide economic depression of the 1930s, we learn at mark 07:00, unraveled the fabric of prosperity. “The spinners of dreams all over the world now wore the dark cloth of despair.” Only the fantasy of gold remained, with South African workers eventually mining more than two miles into the ground in search of gold, as the camera plummets down a mine shaft. By mark 09:20, we see men maneuvering through tunnels and drilling into the Earth in search of deposits, and later watch as men turn the fruits of those labors into glistening gold bars. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 10024 PeriscopeFilm
MINING FOCUS: History of Diamond mining in South Africa
 
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Diamonds. Exquisite and beautiful diamonds were South Africa's debut mineral, heralding later capacity to create a lucrative and well developed minerals-energy complex at the heart of her economy. But, as in love, in mining diamonds have brought misery to the community and clan who were the first legal owners of the diamond field and who mined the alluvial diamonds of the Orange River. Thandeka Gqubule-Mbeki reports. For more news, visit: sabcnews.com
Views: 177 SABC Digital News
1940s SOUTH AFRICA TRAVELOGUE  KIMBERLY DIAMOND MINES & GOLD MINES 43254
 
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Produced in 1948 by Louis De Rochemont Associates, RICHES OF THE VELD is an educational film that gives a rosy portrait of South Africa in the era before apartheid ended. Directed by Bill Colleran, the movie vividly showcases the immense mineral and agricultural wealth of the nation, and includes a visit to the Kimberly Diamond mines. The film features shots of Johannesburg, Kimberly and Cape Town, and also shows a gold refinery and gold mine, vineyards, orange groves, and cattle ranches in the rich Veld. The Veld, also spelled veldt, is a type of wide open rural landscape in Southern Africa. Particularly, it is a flat area covered in grass or low scrub, especially in the countries of South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. A certain sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of Southern Africa has been officially defined as the Bushveld by the World Wide Fund for Nature. Trees are found only in a few places—frost, fire, and grazing animals allow grass to grow but prevent the growth of trees. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 6019 PeriscopeFilm
DIAMOND HUNTER - Episode 6 of 7 "Freedom"
 
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DIAMOND HUNTER is a 7 episode docu-series about three friends risking everything they have trying to strike it rich mining diamonds in Africa. Episode 1 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YaMTN2_9m24 Episode 2 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3RgDAghVjs&feature=plcp Episode 3 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KOkveuG__c&feature=plcp Episode 4 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzOyY6lCn8w&feature=plcp Episode 5 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i60WCO-752k Episode 6 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPPdssUlu2U&list=PLORrg15cd4cQA-4EktjivfVaB2rgZQ6lu&index=6 Episode 7 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJhcRQ5jB68&list=PLORrg15cd4cQA-4EktjivfVaB2rgZQ6lu&index=7 Starring: Nick Montefour Peter Mikelis Hendrik Chasse Executive Producer/Creator: Nick Montefour Editor/Producer: Sean Oliver Theme Song: Danny Torgersen Music: "Change" by Allison Gray Dj Journey Cody Hunt Austen Mack Chris Adams Copyright Nick Montefour 2012
Views: 237409 nickmontefour
SOUTH AFRICA: DIAMOND TRADE
 
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E English/Nat Diamonds used to be a girl's best friend. However today, with Western diamond-buying nations trying to stop the entry of so-called "blood" or "dirty diamonds" onto the market, the sparkling gems have become a political minefield. Civil wars in countries like Angola and Sierra Leone are believed to be funded largely by revenue from diamonds. Now experts from around the world, including war-torn Sierra Leone are to meet in South Africa on Tuesday (September 19) to thrash out ways of solving the thorny problems connected with the trade in diamonds It is the trade in these allegedly illicit diamonds that American lawmakers and the European Union amongst others are trying to curb. Now experts from around the world, including war-torn Sierra Leone are scheduled to meet in South Africa this week to thrash out ways of solving the thorny problems connected with the trade in diamonds It is estimated that about six percent of the world's diamonds are in the hands of Angola's rebel Unita movement. This figure helped a recent European Union decision to impose new diamond-related sanctions on the rebel group. And the United Nations' ban on the import of diamonds from Sierra Leone is gathering support. Smugglers are believed to be moving vast amounts of diamonds from countries like Angola and Sierra Leone, through neighbouring states and on to European diamond centres like Antwerp in Belgium where 85 percent of the world's rough diamonds are traded. The World Diamond Congress has imposed a package of measures to track diamonds from the mines to the jewellers stores. In the United States a group of lawmakers are presently trying to get Congress to pass a law requiring proof of origin of all diamonds sold on world markets. One suggestion is that diamonds be sold in sealed containers with a certificate of origin. At it's meeting in July, the World Diamond Congress supported a system of certification. Some argue that such controls could inflict significant economic damage on diamond-producing countries such as South Africa. De Beers diamond company which controls more than half of the world's diamonds, claims it is virtually impossible to tell where a diamond is originated. Johannesburg diamond merchant Max Barker agrees. SOUNDBITE: (English) "The question is, can you tell the source of rough stones and you can't. Not, not as a rule you can't. You can't. As I say you might have a suspicion but you can't. It's not like a motor car or a wrist watch or something which, it's you know ... there are ways and means of finding out the origin, with a rough diamond, it's very difficult." SUPERCAPTION: Max Barker, Managing Director, Diamond Supply Corporation Setting up and enforcing a certification system for the $6-billion-a-year industry would be at best difficult to control. SOUNDBITE: (English) "In one month there is probably millions of stones being sold worldwide or probably hundreds of millions traded worldwide every month. I mean, how? First of all you don't know the source of the stone and secondly if you did how are you going to control it?" SUPERCAPTION: Max Barker, Managing Director, Diamond Supply Corporation But consumers are starting to ask where their diamonds come from. Gone are the days when the simple act of buying an engagement ring was just an expensive, but romantic gesture. Nowadays pictures of victims of wars in African countries awash with minerals are starting to raise questions. Will the simple purchase of a diamond help result in further massacres? Consumers in the United States are regularly asking whether their gems are "conflict-free". You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/46bfb99eb4182cd968d2516e75df765d Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 7650 AP Archive
South Africa's Illegal Gold Mines
 
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In the 1970s, South Africa was the world's most prolific exporter of gold. Over the years, industrial decline has seen widespread closures of the mines across the country. However, Johannesburg sits on the biggest gold basin ever discovered. It's perhaps not surprising that many of these abandoned mines have seen a recent boom in illegal mining activity. Everyday, hundreds of illegal gold miners, known as Zama Zamas, descend kilometers deep beneath the surface. The miners often spend weeks underground, toiling away at the country's untapped gold reserves. Observers have suggested that illegal mining is now so widespread, black-market gold arguably supports the communities once subsistent on the very same mines they worked in before they shut down. The lack of policing in the mines has seen the practice go on largely unabated. However, in the absence of law enforcement, the extensive network of abandoned mines beneath the region has become an arena to deadly gang warfare between rival factions. VICE News visited illegal mines near Johannesburg, to meet the Zama Zamas risking life and limb everyday in the violent struggle for South Africa's illegal gold. Check out the VICE News beta for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/
Views: 2485763 VICE News
Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
 
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Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 1032787 RT Documentary
Maurice L. White - Diamond Mining in South Africa
 
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The Black History Hour at Center in the Park, Philadelphia, PA. Tuesday 28, 2014.
Views: 228 Irby Johnson
Gold and Diamond Mines of South Africa 1917 (part1)
 
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Check out our silent movie site. Complete with bios,filmographies and movies to watch http://theearlycinema.weebly.com
Views: 2171 TheEarlycinema
De Beers - Botswana - "Our Diamonds, Our Pride"
 
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De Beers - Botswana
Views: 4822 Angela Gapa
The Best Documentary Ever - Diving For Secret Diamonds In South Africa Documentary
 
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Subscribe to Insomnia Team for daily documentaries! For more Great documentaries check . The South African perlemoen is regarded as the most valuable abalone in the world, but the abalone fishery in South Africa is facing a major crisis. With wild . Wild Dog Divers mining underwater for diamonds. Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo. Insomnia Team is a YouTube documentary channel that aims to share knowledge on a wide variety of subjects including Science, History, Nature, .
Views: 205 Margarette Leannon
TOP 7 Countries With The Most Diamonds Found
 
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TOP 7 Countries With The Most Diamonds Found 7. Angola 6. Canada 5. South Africa 4. Australia 3. The Democratic Republic of Congo 2. Botswana 1. Russia ===================== diamond nation diamond world diamond source diamond productions biggest diamond in the world largest diamond in the world where are diamonds found diamond mines in africa diamonds in africa where to find diamonds which is the best country in the world how are diamonds mined area of a diamond best diamonds in the world largest producer of diamond ===================== Facebook ► https://www.facebook.com/Mega-News-1728374423845386/ Twitter ► https://twitter.com/meganews77 Google+ ► https://plus.google.com/113281215443356264322 Tumblr ► https://meganews77.tumblr.com/ Pinterest ► https://pinterest.com/meganews77/ Reddit ► https://www.reddit.com/user/MegaNews77/ Linkedin ► https://www.linkedin.com/in/mega-news-858b93137 LiveJournal ► http://meganews77.livejournal.com/ Please Like & Subscribe Mega News https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0P4_2nrwEMw2A1TCsfQYdg https://youtu.be/qUHybhhzYvs
Views: 765719 Mega News
De Beers Diamond Company & Black Labour (In "Diamond Road" documentary)
 
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At the height of its power, the De Beers corporation controlled over 90% of the world's diamonds. The company made use of South Africa's segregated compound system to staff its mines, and shaped many of the systems that were later used in the foundation of apartheid. Watch this clip from the series Diamond Road, produced by Kensington Communications Inc. (http://www.kensingtontv.com) in 2007. Available to buy or stream at http://goo.gl/qNxuA. To see more clips visit http://www.diamondroad.tv Kensington Communications creates and produces exceptional, award-winning television and interactive media. From high-profile television events to moving personal stories, from ground-breaking science to performing arts and innovative online experiences, our diverse productions share a commitment to imagination, intelligence and passion. Find out more about our award winning productions and our new projects at http://www.kensingtontv.com. Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter, where we post broadcast, interactive, cross-platform, and mobiles news! Website: http://www.kensingtontv.com Blog: http://kensingtontv.com/blog Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/kensingtontv Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/kensingtontv YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/kensingtontv Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kensingtontv
Views: 30304 Kensington TV
South Africa World's Deepest Gold Mine Construction - Full Documentary
 
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Mponeng is a gold mine in South Africa's Gauteng province. It extends over 4 kilometres below the surface, and is considered to be one of the most substantial gold mines in the world. It is also currently the world's deepest mine. The trip from the surface to the bottom of the mine takes over an hour. Video link: https://youtu.be/6ZtYInuOKtE Thanks for watching
Views: 277786 Engineering TV
Diamond Hunter Nick Montefour: Sierra Leone and Guinea Diamond Mines
 
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From the diamond mine to your finger the history starts with you.
Views: 66366 nickmontefour
The Giant Holes: Kimberly Diamond Mine (The Big Hole), South Africa #Vendora
 
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The Kimberly Diamond Mine Museum in South Africa. This is where diamonds were discovered in 1879. De Beers eventually stopped mining the pit which was allowed to fill with water and dug shafts down into the diamond-bearing rocks below. They stopped mining altogether in 1914 and this is now part of a museum. The city of Kimberly is on the horizon. De Beers headquarters is still in Kimberly.
Views: 69751 Vendora
Gold Mining and People's Dreams After Civil Wars in Liberia - Journey to Dreams Documentary
 
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Liberia is one of the poorest countries in the world. It's economy mostly depends on foreign aids, directly on foreign investments and on exportation of natural resources such as iron ore, gold, rubber and timber. During the civil wars took place between 1989 and 2003 in Liberia, more than 250,000 people were killed. Actually I'm not talking about a very distant past. All these ended just 15 years ago. When the economy totally collapsed during the civil war, Liberia became the trade center for blood diamond extracted in Sierra Leone. Weapons used in the war were mostly financed in this way. In the forests of Liberia, tens of thousands of people are doing artisanal mining under very hard conditions. This is their only livelihood. Actually they just save the day at the risk of their lives. What connects them to life is their dreams.
Views: 19738 Hasan Soylemez
Diamond Mining in Sierra Leone
 
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This is a movie about diamond mining in Sierra Leone. Since the brutal civil war the Sierra Leone diamond industry is known as the source for the so called "Blood Diamonds". Diamonds that were mined under forced condition and traded on the illegal markets to purchase weapons. More than 10 years after the war, entrepreneurs rehabilitating the mining sector; for more traceability and fair prices paid to the miners. For more infos check out the upcoming homepage: www.smc-sl.com
Views: 4615775 Balmed
World's Largest Diamond Mine | Full Documentary - Prehistoric TV
 
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World's Largest Diamond Mine | Full Documentary - Prehistoric TV Diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal ... Read More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond Click The Link Below For More Videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCWt2vYhXbKZqh_dNGq5oQaQ https://youtu.be/WMO_Z9oowWM #carbonfiber #prehistorictv
Views: 41766 Pre Historic TV
Sierra Leone Pastor Finds 706 Carat Diamond Which Could Be 10th Largest Ever
 
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A Christian pastor working in a Sierra Leone mine has found a 706-carat diamond, which could be the tenth largest ever found. The precious stone was found by Emmanuel Momoh, who was working in the Kono region, in the east of the country. It will be sold in Sierra Leone in a 'transparent' bidding process to benefit the country, according to a government statement. It read: 'A 706-carat diamond was presented to President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma yesterday evening. 'Receiving the diamond President Koroma thanked the chief and his people for not smuggling the diamond out of the country.' Diamond expert Paul Zimnisky said it could be 'between the 10th and 15th largest gem-diamonds ever recovered' and such a find is very rare in a small mine. He said: 'Most recent exceptional diamond discoveries have been made by large commercial miners that mine very large volumes of kimberlite ore and process it with advanced equipment. 'Artisanal mining tends to produce smaller, lower quality diamonds because the diamonds suffer breakage and erosion.' Zimnisky said the stone would likely be sold outside Sierra Leone, despite the government's assertion, for better access to buyers. Without a professional assessment of the diamond's potential flaws and colouring it is impossible to value the stone. However, a polished stone cut from the Jonker, which is the 10th largest gem-diamond ever recovered until now at 726 carats, will go on sale in Hong Kong in May. A single 25-carat portion is likely to sell for $2.2 million to $3.6 million (£1.78 million to £2.75 million), or $88,000 to $144,000 for a single carat, Zimnisky said. A 1,111-carat diamond was discovered at a mine in Botswana in 2015, the biggest find for more than a century. That gem is second in size only to the Cullinan diamond which was unearthed in South Africa in 1905, at 3,106 carats uncut, according to the Cape Town Diamond Museum. The Cullinan was cut into several gems, including two set into the sceptre and crown of the British Crown Jewels. Historically, Sierra Leone has had a controversial role in the diamond industry. The sale of 'blood diamonds' helped finance civil wars across Africa in the 1990s and often funded military dictatorships on a continent that the London Diamond Bourse estimates provides 65 percent of the world's diamonds. Rebels allowed traders to exploit diamond mines and ship the gems abroad via Liberia. In one of the most notorious cases, former Liberian warlord Charles Taylor was found guilty of supporting the rebels in exchange for diamonds mined by slave labour. The district where the 706-carat diamond was discovered is where US-Belgian businessman Michel Desaedeleer, accused of enslavement and diamond trafficking during Sierra Leone's civil war, is alleged to have committed his crimes. Music: "Artifact" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Blog: https://patrynworldlatestnews.blogspot.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/patryn.worldlatestnews
Views: 184853 PatrynWorldLatestNew
Poisoned By The Gold Rush
 
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Gold is quickly becoming the new cocaine in Colombia. The precious metal is now the currency of choice for individuals and groups engaging in illicit trade in the South American country. That's because unlike cocaine, it's perfectly legal to carry gold, and unlike money, it's virtually untraceable. But there are some major side-effects of Colombia's new gold rush that locals are curiously quiet about: erectile dysfunction and brain damage. VICE News correspondent Monica Villamizar travelled to the Antioquia, Colombia, a hotbed of illegal gold mining, to investigate an unprecedented surge in impotence and neurological problems that experts are attributing to mercury, an essential gold-digging element. Watch "Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division” - http://bit.ly/1zYdmRq Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 1349590 VICE News
Searching for gold in South Africa's abandoned mines | Unreported World
 
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We follow the young men coming to South Africa and risking their lives in the abandoned gold mines of Durban Deep. The gold mine is an hour outside Johannesburg and was closed down 12 years ago, after commercial mining companies moved on. Now illegal miners descend half a kilometre underground, through make-shift tunnels, and use explosives to blow apart the rock in search of gold. There are dangers both inside and outside the mines, local gangs control the area, and rapes and murders are now commonplace.
Views: 950824 Unreported World
Blood Diamonds and Religious War In The Central African Republic
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Watch "War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Ao5Qdx Read "UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Enj8O7 Read "Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country" - http://bit.ly/1yrNFpl Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 663658 VICE News
1900 Gold and Diamond Mines of South Africa 220844-11 | Footage Farm
 
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NOTE: FOR ORDERING See: www.footagefarm.co.uk or contact us at: [email protected] 1900 Johannesburg street scene w/ double-decker buses, pedestrians and shops. The Joch mine: pan along buildings of gold mine. Weights up cables pulling cars. The Tube Mill, which pulverizes ore w/ cylinders turning. Black men shoveling pulverized ore. Cyanide tanks with waste rock being conveyed in small cars by men on cable railroad. White miners coming out of mine. Street scene in Kimberly with people hanging out, men and women and parked cars. Diamond mine offices with ornate front, horse-drawn carriage passes by. Premier Mine where Cullinan diamond was found, with large open pit. "Blue earth' (containing diamonds) brought to surface by ore cars and left to weather for a year. Blue earth dissolved into "diamond mud": LS ore cars across bridge. "Pulsator", large turning drums, where diamond mud is separated. White man showing day's output. Miner's compound where natives are kept: men shooting crap, cooking bread outdoors. Men washing clothes. 1900s;
Views: 1797 footagefarm
Rare Blue Diamond Found in South African Mine
 
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A rare blue diamond, weighing in at just under 30 carats was found recently in the Cullinan mine in South Africa, that is owned by Petra Diamonds. A rare blue diamond, weighing in at just under 30 carats was found recently in the Cullinan mine in South Africa, that is owned by Petra Diamonds. According to professional analyst Cailey Barker, the diamond could be worth between 15 to 20 million dollars at auction. A 25 point 5 carat blue diamond from the same mine sold for just under 17 million dollars last year. Chief executive of Petra Diamonds, Johan Dippenaar is quoted as saying: "By some margin ... this is probably the most significant stone we've ever, in terms of blue stones, recovered. The stones in the last year or so are selling well above $2 million per carat." The blue diamond is reportedly about the size of an acorn. The mine where the blue diamond was found is also the site where the largest rough gem ever found, known as the Cullinan Diamond, was recovered in 1905. That stone originally weighed just over 31 hundred carats, but was cut into two pieces called the First and Second Star of Africa that are now part of the British Crown Jewels collection.
Views: 13741 GeoBeats News
Zimbabwe's Blood Diamond Killing Fields
 
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Deadly Diamonds (2009): Could Zimbabwe be suspended from the global diamond trade in the aftermath of the massacre at the Marange diamonds fields? For similar stories, see: Zimbabwe's Gold Standard of Poverty https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4azCZUDCQI Mugabe Loyalists Are Using Violence To Quash MDC Supporters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3M-TMRrJU4 Inside the Abhorrent Conditions of Zimbabwe's Prison System https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mX9YDUtg8No Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4578 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Did Robert Mugabe’s security forces seize control of a lucrative diamond field by gunning down hundreds of miners? With shocking evidence now uncovered, Zimbabwe’'s diamond trade faces suspension. "We were told ‘here are the guns, sitting in the truck, do you want to stay?’" says Andrew Cranswick, CEO of the mining company who owns the rights to mine diamonds in Marange. After his company was evicted, the Marange fields were opened up to the people and tens of thousands of Zimbabweans came to dig, paying the police a commission. Yet the police didn'’t always play fair - "$15 million worth of diamonds were confiscated", says one former miner – and soon the police were replaced by Mugabe’s own military. "Mugabe needed a way to buy the loyalty of the army" says Ken Roth, "the military were ordered to kill". In the first week of November, helicopter gunships launched a massacre on the Marange diamond fields. Evidence has been collected of 200 deaths. Those who weren’'t killed were raped or crippled. "They told us if we wanted to go home we had to sleep with the men", says one woman, "the soldiers watched and laughed". Next month, the Kimberley process, the international body charged with stopping trade in conflict diamonds, will decide whether Zimbabwe should be suspended. Yet with many Western governments involved in Zimbabwe'’s diamond trade, a former delegate of the Kimberley process believes this deadly business may yet be protected. Production Company – Ref. 4578 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 644759 Journeyman Pictures
Something Was Discovered Deep Inside The Earth Here. Contains A Mineral That No One Has Ever Seen
 
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Deep within the bowels of the Earth, workers are toiling away in one of South Africa’s most famous diamond mines. But while it may seem like just another day on the job, the miners are about to find something extraordinary. Something so extraordinary, in fact, that no scientist has ever seen above the ground – and that’s despite one of the most common minerals on the planet. The world around us might seem very familiar, but that doesn’t mean that it doesn’t still hold secrets. Sometimes, those secrets even manage to creep out into the light. This is one of those cases, and it’s a story that delves 400 miles into the crust of the Earth. It’s a tale of jewels and incredible pressure. And it’s unearthed something that no scientist has ever laid eyes on before. It all starts with a diamond. The Cullinan Diamond Mine, also known as the Premier Mine, is one of the most famous mines in the world – and for very good reason. You see, in 1905, a record-breaking diamond was discovered there. Named in honor of the mine’s chairman, the Cullinan Diamond is still the biggest rough diamond of gem-quality that has ever been found. ----------------------------------- STORY LINK: https://www.nollygrio.com ------------------------------------ CONNECT WITH US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nollygrionews Become a Patron: https://www.patreon.com/nollygrio On the web: http://www.nollygrio.com For inquiries, please contact: [email protected] ------------------------------------ VIDEO CREDITS: Background Music: Audioblocks: https://www.audioblocks.com Day 7: https://soundcloud.com/day7official Footages: https://www.videoblocks.com -----Audio by Scott Leffler: scottleffler.com ------------------------------------ #nollygrio #nollygriomystery #nollygriodiscovery
Views: 795646 nollygrio
Diamond Mining: Inside Earth's Gigantic Holes
 
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Oct.2 (Bloomberg) -- From detonation to diamonds. Alrosa is the world's largest diamond producer you've never heard of, and Bloomberg's Ryan Chilcote been given exclusive, unprecedented access. -- Subscribe to Bloomberg on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/Bloomberg Bloomberg Television offers extensive coverage and analysis of international business news and stories of global importance. It is available in more than 310 million households worldwide and reaches the most affluent and influential viewers in terms of household income, asset value and education levels. With production hubs in London, New York and Hong Kong, the network provides 24-hour continuous coverage of the people, companies and ideas that move the markets.
Views: 971236 Bloomberg
South Africa's DIY diamond miners emerge from the shadows
 
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Grandmother Clara Maitse, 77, has been arrested seven times over the past decade for illegally mining precious stones in Kimberley, South Africa's diamond hub. Her defiant patience has paid off and small-scale mining, an industry that employs many thousands of people, has now been decriminalised for the first time under a permit system.
Views: 853 AFP news agency
Gold and diamond mines of South Africa
 
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Comment, Rate, Subscribe.
Views: 87 MediaReborn
Diamond Mining In South Africa (1960)
 
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Unissued / Unused material. Diamond mining in Oranjemund, South West Africa. Aerial shot Oranjemund. Various shots massive conveyor machines. Pan along conveyor belts at mining building. Interior MS sorting machines. MS large earth moving machine. MS group of people looking on. Various shots excavator as it digs up the earth and deposits it in a lorry. Various shots rotary excavator at work. Various shots Harry Oppenheimer addressing a meeting. CU stones passing along conveyor belt where they are being washed. MS two workmen sorting the stones. MS mine buildings. CU large pile of diamonds on table including three large stones. FILM ID:3014.17 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 1039 British Pathé
The Black Diamond Mine
 
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The Black Diamond Mine - one of the oldest mines in the region - is so old that its early history has been mostly lost to time. However, it is believed that the site was originally discovered by a group of Chilean miners. It has a fairly unique structure in that it is a vertical shaft plunging down into the Black Diamond Ridge and four separate and distinct tunnels intersect with the shaft at varying levels down the face of the ridge. Picture an "E" with an extra leg sticking out and you'll have the rough idea.To see inside the lower levels, follow the link below for the video of our return visit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBX-hSHCG88
Views: 103382 TVR Exploring
How Do They Mine Diamonds?
 
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HOW DO THEY DO IT? Mondays 9:30p on Science In the world of diamond mining, everything starts with a bang. Thousands of tons of rock are blasted each day in order to reach diamonds that form 93 miles below ground. Watch full episodes of your favorite Science shows: http://www.sciencechannelgo.com We rarely consider many of the objects that make up the modern world--elevators, carpets, helicopters, breast implants, street lights, and more. Go behind the scenes to do the things, and make the things that form the modern world. Subscribe to Science Channel: http://bit.ly/SubscribeScience Check out the all new Seeker.com: http://www.seeker.com/
Views: 1202644 Science Channel
Diamond Hill Mine Documented Crystal Pocket Dec. 2015
 
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Please visit http://stores.ebay.com/ultrarocks to purchase crystals I've found This video is only intended for people with the crystals from this pocket, thats why the video is a bit boring and I'm numbering all the pieces. All the piece from this pocket has been sold or given away, but I have several more pockets available in the future like this. Please visit http://stores.ebay.com/ultrarocks to purchase crystals I've found
Views: 10112153 The Crystal Collector
The discovery and history of the Cullinan Diamond
 
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History of the discovery of the Cullinan Diamond. Produced by John Lincoln for the Cullinan Heritage Society. Visit out website on http://www.cullinan.za.net . Video 1 of 12
Views: 21331 John Lincoln
World's Deepest Mine - Gold Alchemy
 
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South Africa's TauTona mine, real life alchemy, and Halicephalobus Mephisto. Footage from the 2012 documentary, "Down to the Earth's Core". We have travelled into space and looked deep into the universe's depths, but the world beneath our feet remains unexplored and unseen. Now, that's about to change. For the first time in one epic unbroken shot, we embark on an impossible mission - using spectacular computer generated imagery to smash through three thousand miles of solid rock, and venture from our world into the underworld and on to the core of the Earth itself. It's a journey fraught with danger. One thousand feet down we find ourselves inside one of the planet's most volatile places - the San Andreas Fault. Caught between two huge rock slabs, we watch as stress builds and then releases. It unleashes an earthquake and blasts us on towards rivers of molten rock, explosive volcanoes, tears in the Earth's crust and giant tornadoes of liquid metal. But for every danger, there are wonders beyond imagination. Four hundred feet below the surface, a three hundred million year old fossilized forest, with every leaf and every piece of bark perfectly preserved. At one thousand feet down we enter a cave of giant crystals, glistening in deadly 122 degree heat. More than two miles underground we find buried treasure - gold and gems. Deeper still there are valuable resources - salt, oil, coal and iron. And over one hundred miles down we see the sparkling beauty of diamonds. As we descend we piece together our planet's extraordinary story. We rewind time to discover how prehistoric forests became modern-day fuel. 1700 feet down a layer of rock reveals the extraordinary story of the dinosaurs' cataclysmic death. We watch stalactites form and gold grow before our eyes. The deeper we travel into the underworld the more we understand our world above the surface. A bigger picture takes shape - a cycle of destruction and creation, driven by the core that sustains our dynamic planet and makes the Earth the only planet with life in a seemingly lifeless universe. Until, finally, three thousand miles down, we reach the core. Inside it lie the secrets of life as we know it - the magnetic force field that protects life on Earth from the sun's deadly rays, the ancient heat source that keeps our planet alive. Down to the Earth's Core brings the latest science together with breathtaking computer generated imagery. The result is an unmissable journey into an extraordinary world - full of dangers, wonders and secrets. And it's all down there, beneath our feet, right now waiting to be discovered.
Views: 750458 Naked Science
Diamond Mining Documentary
 
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Diamond Mining - How are diamonds mined and formed? Documentary Film In mineralogy, diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon . For Best Documentaries on Youtube Do not forget to Subscribe & WATCH this channel . In 1867, the first diamond discovered in South Africa, the Eureka Diamond, was found near Hopetown on the Orange River. Two years later, a much larger . Blood Diamonds, The True Story Documentary of Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Republic of the Congo.
Views: 900 William Sookram
Death no deterrent for S.African illicit gem diggers
 
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Despite the deaths of 10 men last May, illegal miners continue to dig for diamonds in the mountains near Kleinzee, in South Africa's Northern Cape. The diggers say the land is rightfully theirs, a claim multinational mining firm De Beers disputes. Duration: 02:21
Views: 8627 AFP news agency
When Was The Discovery Of Gold And Diamond In South Africa?
 
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"When Was The Discovery Of Gold And Diamond In South Africa? Watch more videos for more knowledge When Was The Discovery Of Gold And Diamond In ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/sEQhcRYKWUA Gold and Diamond Mines of South Africa 1917 ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/LxrPSbqvVQA 1900 Gold and Diamond Mines of South Africa ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/PO-RQomPTFM Gold and Diamond Mines of South Africa 1917 ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/MoQuBs2RtUQ 1940s SOUTH AFRICA TRAVELOGUE KIMBERLY ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/EKWg8So-3xU GOLD INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA & HISTORY ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/SCWS19eawmk Gold Rush In South Africa (1920-1929) - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/b7D0mQcBV8c Gold found in South Africa mine's waste | Al ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/UU0GBAennQM Rare Blue Diamond Discovered in South Africa ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/-hq11dKRcFk RR7048B SOUTH AFRICA: THE LAST DIAMOND ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/pkja2ekgygY Reports of the largest diamond in the world found ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/OT51mN6FLgI South African gold mines choke the poor - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/j4vgCCr-dPU South Africa's Illegal Gold Mines - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/sVQWFmy2A_k Hunt for Diamond in South Africa gets tougher - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/vV8hhA-iVZw Diamond mining South Africa - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/8lMMkWeCg3M Diamond mining in South Africa - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/CrNm1_4SF1g Faye's Diamond Mine - South Africa - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/BRrs0udw8qc Earth | South Africa's Secret Diamonds - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/Dfuc_yn7qYQ De Beers Diamond Company & Black Labour (In ... https://www.youtube.com/watch/XETdnQFT9VM Coast of Diamonds South Africa - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch/p7WMUZXXyaw"
Views: 324 Ask Question II
Africa: Zulu Empire - Diamonds in South Africa - Extra History - #3
 
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Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Watch the Zulu Empire series! http://bit.ly/1ITi98p Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Follow us on Facebook! http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Follow us on Twitter! http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Twitch! http://bit.y/ECTwitch ____________ Europe had a presence in South Africa dating back to 1652, but the colonies and the native tribes really began to clash in the 1800s. The conquest of the Netherlands by Napoleon had left the Dutch colonists in a state of limbo, with the British claiming authority over them despite their homeland being ruled by the French. Many of these settlers, known as the Boers, moved inland to escape British oversight and pushed into land owned by the Zulus. Mpande, the new Zulu leader, attempted to keep the peace between the British and the Boers, but the treaties he negotiated on both sides only led to further conflict. Eventually, his son Cetshwayo peacefully took power over the Zulus around the same time that the Europeans discovered diamonds in South Africa. The government of Great Britain took an even greater interest in South Africa, stepping in to try to bribe or force the relucant natives to work the diamond mines established by European mining firms. Secretary of State Lord Carnarvon, who was responsible for the unification of colonies in Canada, made it his mission to unify the South African colonies and appointed Henry Bartle Frere as his governor and representative. Bartle Frere removed the local Capetown government, who had been largely sympathetic to the native peoples and opposed his harsh unification policies, then issued harsh and intentionally impossible demands against the Zulu. Cetshwayo refused to accept these demands, and thus began the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879. ____________ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H Listen to the outro music here! http://bit.ly/1L6ihlE __________ Extra History - World War I: The Seminal Tragedy The Concert of Europe: http://bit.ly/1uLnt5X James Recommends - Mod Week! RTS for Ancient Warfare Total War: Rome II: Divide et Impera: http://bit.ly/1q4g4gP
Views: 1266892 Extra Credits
The price of gold: Chinese mining in Ghana documentary | Guardian Investigations
 
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Ghana has had a gold rush but here, Afua Hirsch discovers how Chinese immigrants are profiting from industrialising the country's small-scale mining industry. She sees for herself that, for the many locals who chance losing life and limb for a piece of the same pie, the risks are rarely worth it, and explores where the responsibility for regulating this industry lies. The price of gold: Chinese mining in Ghana documentary Subscribe to the Guardian HERE: http://bitly.com/UvkFpD Afua Hirsch reports on Ghana's gold rush in a film that discovers how Chinese immigrants are profiting from industrialising the country's small-scale mining industry. She sees for herself that, for the many locals who chance losing life and limb for a piece of the same pie, the risks are rarely worth it, and explores where the responsibility for regulating this industry lies.
Views: 2932624 The Guardian
South African gold mines choke the poor
 
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Mining has a long history in South Africa, beginning with diamonds, and then followed by gold from the 1870s onwards. The gold mining sector has since expanded into the largest in the world, but declining reserves have led to the closure of hundreds of mines around South Africa’s largest city, Johannesburg. The legacy includes polluted ponds and huge piles of waste called ‘tailings’. This audio slideshow visits a site where these tailings sit beside some of the country’s poorest communities, contaminating both their air and water supplies. Wind blows dust far and wide from these mineral mountains and rainfall creates acid water, which leaches into surrounding streams and wetlands, killing wildlife and contaminating water supplies. Local authorities have installed water filtration plants in the area to reduce the health risks for nearby residents. But the problem persists. http://www.scidev.net/global/water/multimedia/south-african-gold-mines-poor.html
Views: 1411 scidevnet