Search results “Oil sands surface mining methods”
How Suncor Gets Oil from Sand
Learn about the process Suncor uses to extract bitumen from the oil sands: both surface mining as well as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) while trying to minimize our impact on the environment. This video also features facts about the massive equipment used in our operations. You can read more about our oil sands operations at http://www.suncor.com/en/about/242.aspx
Views: 82110 Suncor Energy
Let's Blast!
NOTE: Although this video shows an up-close look at the blasting process, NEVER go near an active surface mine or blast site without Federal training and permission. FYI, the white bags are Emulsified Ammonium Nitrate. The read cap is TNT and the silver rod that is connected to it by the yellow wire is the blasting cap, it's what ignites the shot. The white pebbles that are emptied into the blast holes by the powder trucks are the main explosive- "ANFO" or Ammonium Nitrate, which is a mixture of fertilizer and diesel fuel. Once the holes are filled with explosives, rock fines or "stemming" is pushed back in the holes and packed down to keep the explosives under pressure. After all the holes are loaded and rigged up, it's time for the fireworks! And remember kids, don't try this at home! Want to see more Blasting? Join the PAmining Channel and Facebook! http://www.facebook.com/pages/PAmining/164948266897468
Views: 5319201 PAmining
Suncor Oil Sands Tour
Get an inside look at Suncor's oil sands during a step-by-step tour through our operations. Learn more about our oil sands operations at http://www.suncor.com/en/about/242.aspx
Views: 34457 Suncor Energy
4 of 9—A Conversation on Oil Sands & Environment: How will the land be reclaimed?
Under our provinces legislation, companies must reclaim Alberta's land so it can be productive again. Reclamation is what makes oil sands mining and development possible. Learn more about reclamation at http://bit.ly/OwYm3.
Views: 4827 YourAlberta
019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 79537 Bozeman Science
Surface Mining Haul Truck - Training Simulator (5DT - Fifth Dimension Technologies)
This simulator develops the skills of a Haul truck operator. Skills are developed progressively by subjecting the trainee to general, specific and emergency training scenarios. Instructors have full control over the virtual environment and can initiate certain events, machine failures and emergencies. Find out more at http://www.5dt.com/
Views: 2115 5DTVideos
Creation of Wapisiw Lookout (formerly Pond 1) - Suncor Energy
Suncor Energy is the first oil sands company to transform a tailings pond into a surface solid enough to be actively re-vegetated and reclaimed. This area is called Wapisiw Lookout (formerly Pond 1). Learn more about Wapisiw Lookout and watch the live webcam at http://www.suncor.com/wapisiw
Views: 5814 Suncor Energy
GeoSierra's Enhanced Oil Recovery - Subsurface ERG System
EOR using Electric Resistive Heating with Gravity Drainage - Subsurface ERG System. An Alternative to Surface Mining.
Views: 168 GeoSierra
Oil  and Gas  Wells--Start to Finish
Oil and Gas Wells--Start to Finish - California Department of Conservation - DVD 2 - California Department of Conservation. Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources. How oil and gas wells are drilled, produced, and abandoned. Surface and subsurface environmental concerns are described, including the protection of fresh waters and drilling in urban areas.
Views: 445345 PublicResourceOrg
PF300 - Essential part of IN-PIT CRUSHING and CONVEYING (IPCC)
The PF300 is a completely new fully-mobile crushing plant with unique and compact design for on-face mining applications which can be equipped with different Sandvik crusher types, for any client's uniquely varied demands. Main benefits: * Versatile crushing and superb maneuverability * Compact design with new stability concept * Capacities from 2000 - 12000 mt/h (1650 - 13 230 stph) * Usable for coal, overburden, iron ore, copper ore, oil sands * Lower operating costs than trucks * Significant reduction of CO2 emission * "Complete Sandvik" - a unique composition of genuine components Major Components Sandik crusher technology, apron feeder, two pairs of crawler tracks where the crusher load occurs (crusher- and hopper area), discharge of material via uncoupled belt bridge or beltwagon.
World's biggest mine: Inside US coal
Barack Obama’s pledge to cut carbon emissions has not stopped North Antelope Rochelle mine in Wyoming. In fact, production is booming - and climate change is off the agenda. The Guardian's Suzanne Goldenberg gets a rare look inside the biggest coal mine in the world. Subscribe to The Guardian ► http://bit.ly/subscribegdn Get the whole picture ► http://bit.ly/guardianhome ENDBOARD VIDEOS The godless church and the atheists taking the US by storm ► http://bit.ly/GodlessChurch US Democracy doesn't work in this slice of Florida ► http://bit.ly/1EuRyMz GUARDIAN PLAYLISTS Guardian Investigations ► http://bit.ly/gdninvestigations Comment is Free ► http://bit.ly/CIFplaylist Guardian Docs ► http://bit.ly/gdndocs Guardian Animations & Explanations ► http://bit.ly/aninandex Other Guardian channels on YouTube: Guardian Football ► https://www.youtube.com/user/guardianfootball Guardian Music ► https://www.youtube.com/guardianmusic Guardian Membership ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianMembership Guardian Food ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianFood Guardian Culture ► https://www.youtube.com/user/GuardianCultureArts Guardian Tech ► THE GUARDIAN'S TOP 10 VIDEOS Mos Def force fed in Gitmo procedure ► http://bit.ly/1hdvoqM Bangladeshi Sex Workers take steroids ► http://bit.ly/1mqf3fA North Korean military parade in slow-mo ► http://bit.ly/TTEAGk Police assault on Ian Tomlinson at G20 ► http://bit.ly/1rgq6Pg Manny Pacquiao fight highlights ► http://bit.ly/RBczBp Brick-by-brick women's fencing protest ► http://bit.ly/RBcEFc Trouserless on the Tube ► http://bit.ly/SPWOrv Jesus "would have been an atheist" ► http://bit.ly/1kfrKqP Open Heart Surgery ► http://bit.ly/1tPaGQ2 Brick-by-Brick Usain Bolt 2012 Olympic gold ► http://bit.ly/1pxQqQv
Views: 200286 The Guardian
Borehole Mining Surface Test, Oct. 2018
Borehole Mining high pressure water jet cutting test
sand making from overburden clay of coal mines
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html sand making from overburden clay of coal minesCoal Sand Making And Washing Production Line From Portugal. sand washingsand making from overburden clay of coal,sand making from overburden clay of coal mines .. the sand making and washing coalsand making from overburden clay of gold mines Mobile sand making from overburden clay of gold mines. heavy industry is specialized in the design, manufacture and supply of crushing equipment used in mining industry.sand making from overburden – Grinding Mill Chinasand making from overburden clay of coal mines in india Overburden is the natural rock and soil that sits above Sand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal MinesA study of internal overburden dump design and stability A study of internal overburden dump design and stability analysis largest open pit brown coal mines in clay unitSilt and soft clays with sandstripping overburden crusher lfrvrecipesstripping overburden crusher canepark coal crusher overburden sand making from overburden clay of coal mines in Sand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coalsandmaking of processor diavistaGypsum Powder Making Equipment Gypsum Powder Gypsum Powder Machine For iron ore processor,sand making,coal &#187 Learn More. sandmaking of processor SBM miningsand making from overburden clay of coal mines sand making from overburden clay of coal mines sand making lithotriptersand making machinary. A study on physico chemical properties of overburden dum,from selected coal mining areas of JhariaNo Sampling sites Gravel % Sand % Silt+ ClayBioreclamation of coal mine overburden dumpssand making from overburden clay of coal minesSand making from overburden clay of coal mines XSM . Overburden clay of coal mines Strip mining is a type of surface mining which involves the removal of a thin layer of material known as an "overburden" to accessClay Crusher How Can You Remove Silver From SandSand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines clay ball crushing in sand mining Jaw Crusher How Can You Remove Silver From Sandsand making from overburden clay of coal mines Mobile sand making from overburden clay of coal mines. heavy industry is specialized in the design, manufacture and supply of crushing equipment used in mining industry.Grinding Coal Clay uniqueeventSand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines Sand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines. Coal and Clay Mining in Jefferson CountySand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines Crusher Mining Equipment Vacuum Removal Of Overburden, process Coal Mining Technologies — From Overburden moving equipment strips sand and clay layers down to powered building sand making line india.Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil Learn more about surface mining techniques used in the oil several meters of overburden. Strip mining is the mining of a of sand and clayCost To Remove Overburden herbalslimSand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines. removal of overburden lying Sand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Mines.sand making from overburden clay of coal mines rkpackersChapter 74 Mining and Quarrying. For lower value materials (e.g., sand, gravel and clay)—which account for the bulk days, making considerable efforts to improve work and life of those in the mining .. the removal of overburden material to allow for the extraction of the coal.crushing plant overburden anxin.gssand making from overburden clay of coal mines. sand making from overburden clay of coal mines. heavy industry is specialized in the design,Overburden WikipediaIn mining, overburden (also called waste or spoil) is the material that lies above an area that lends itself to economical exploitation, such as the rock, soil, and ecosystem that lies above a coalEffect of Fragment Size, Uniformity Coefficient and dumps vary from silt and clay size sand gravel mixtures, soil content on compaction and shear strength behaviour of coal mine overburden dump material byMethod and System for Sand Stowing – Sahay Metals Method and System for Sand in the processing of Overburden to Sand: employed for excavation of granular materials available in coal mines,sand making coal ciri20090514. coal sand making and washing production line from,sand making from overburden clay of coal mines sand making from overburden clay of coalSand Making From Overburden Clay Of Coal Minesopencast coal mining advantages Mines,Mining and Exploration in Africa Mining Africa. The official websit
Views: 30 Uvzour Dlqgln
How we do it - Process video - Canadian Natural (CNRL)
For information about Canadian Natural career opportunities and to apply online go to: http://www.cnrl-careers.com Horizon Oil Sands is an exciting part of our growth, located on leases just north of Fort McMurray, Alberta in the Athabasca region. Operations are expanding with project spending forecasted at approximately $2 - 2.5 billion each year for the next several years. Horizon includes a surface oil sands mining and bitumen extraction plant, complimented by on-site bitumen upgrading with associated infrastructure to produce high quality SCO. http://www.cnrl.com http://www.cnrl.com/operations/north-america/horizon-oil-sands http://www.cnrl.com/corporate-responsibility/environment/ http://www.cnrl.com/working-together/oil-sands-mining/ AT CANADIAN NATURAL, WE ARE PROUD OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF OUR PEOPLE At Canadian Natural we believe our employees are the key to unlocking asset potential. As one of the largest independent crude oil and natural gas producers in the world, our balanced mix of natural gas, light oil, heavy oil, in situ oil sands production and oil sands mining creates opportunity for people who want to be part of a challenging and competitive industry. Join our team as we continue to create value through innovation by "doing it right" with fun and integrity in North America, the North Sea, and Offshore Africa.
Views: 21453 CanadianNaturalCNRL
What Is Fracking?
You’ve heard of fracking, and you’re pretty sure lots of people don’t like it, but do you know how it actually works? Learn more at HowStuffWorks.com: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/hydraulic-fracking.htm Share on Facebook: http://goo.gl/M5kx1i Share on Twitter: http://goo.gl/FbuzEW Subscribe: http://goo.gl/ZYI7Gt Visit our site: http://www.brainstuffshow.com Fracking. You’ve heard of it. You know it’s controversial. But you might not know what it actually involves. Never fear: We’re here to put some fracking knowledge in your brain. Fracking is the delightfully cheeky-sounding nickname for Hydraulic Fracturing... which sounds a little bit less delightful and more like something you do to your enemies in Starcraft. But no! It is something we do to rocks. In the simplest terms, hydraulic fracturing is a way of getting more of the valuable fluids, like oil and natural gas, out of geologic formations under the ground. Deep under earth’s surface, there are deposits of rock that have huge reserves of oil and natural gas within them. But these fossil fuels aren’t like big lakes where you can just stick a straw in and suck. No, these reserves of oil and natural gas are found locked up in pores distributed throughout vast layers of rock, like shale. So how do you get them out at a reasonable pace? Let’s look at a typical fracking setup for something like shale gas: You start with a deep, vertical well, drilling a hole down to the level of the shale you want to mine. The depth will vary, but just for example, one company claims its average fracking well depth is 7,700 feet. That’s deep: almost one and a half miles, or about 2.3 kilometers. When you’re at the right depth, you take a 90-degree turn and continue to drill horizontally, parallel to the target rock layer. This horizontal section of the well can also travel thousands of feet. Now here’s where the “fracturing” comes in. First, you open up holes in the horizontal section of the pipe. Then, you vigorously push a liquid cocktail known as fracking fluid down into the borehole under high pressure. This fracking fluid is usually a mixture of water, some chemical additives -- like acids to help dissolve the rock, and gels to thicken the fluid -- and finally, solid particles called proppants – we’ll get to those in a second. When the mixture reaches the horizontal section of the pipe, it bleeds out through the holes into the surrounding rock, and the extremely high pressure causes the rock to form tons of little fractures, or cracks. Through these cracks, the reserves of fossil fuels contained in the rock can escape into the well to be pumped back up to the surface. What once was entombed in ancient rock is now on the way to powering your car or heating the water for your next shower. And those proppants I mentioned, which are often just grains of sand, help “prop” the cracks in the rock open, so the Earth’s precious bodily fluids continue to escape into the well without the miners applying continuous pressure. So that’s how it works, but then there’s the entirely separate question of whether fracking is a good idea. It’s controversial in many parts of the world. Some people claim it consumes too much fresh water, and worry about what will be done with the fracking fluid after it’s been used. And some opponents wonder if it will create earthquakes, or cause chemical contaminants to leak into our groundwater. SOURCES: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/hydraulic-fracking.htm/printable http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/media/how-hydraulic-fracturing-works/?ar_a=1 http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-14432401 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/538082/shale http://geology.utah.gov/surveynotes/gladasked/gladrocks.htm http://www.bfenvironmental.com/pdfs/ChK_-Hydraulic_Fracturing_Fact_Sheet.pdf
Unearthing coal seam gas
This animation provides an overview of the coal seam gas extraction process, from drilling the well to what happens to the extracted gas and water. Also explained are some potential impacts of coal seam gas development and the technique used to increase the rate of gas and water flow, known as hydraulic fracturing (fraccing). For more information about coal seam or shale gas and current research on the social and environmental impacts of Australia’s gas industry visit http://www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Energy/Energy-from-oil-and-gas/UnconventionalGas.aspx and http://www.gisera.org.au Video transcript available here: http://www.csiro.au/news/transcripts/YouTubeTranscripts/2014/Aug/Unearthing-coal-seam-gas.html
Views: 19050 CSIRO
How coal is formed - Practically demonstration!
Learn about the coal formation process, where coal mines are located and different types of coal like peat, lignite, sub-bituminous, bituminous and anthracite coals. Chapter 2 - Class 11 NCERT | Origin of the earth https://goo.gl/IAcfjV Click here if you want to subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/TheRealSengupta Check the other playlists of NCERT Geography videos Class 6 - https://goo.gl/DDFtIF Class 7 - https://goo.gl/ppPK05 Class 8 - https://goo.gl/OD3Gwh Class 9 - https://goo.gl/AIEXxQ Class 10 - https://goo.gl/inWIAR Class 11 - https://goo.gl/Pn5EIE Class 11 (Part 2) - https://goo.gl/X4zY9K Class 12 - https://goo.gl/Kszpz5 schools online online classes for middle schoolers online education programs for high school teaching online high school online courses for middle school
Views: 68107 Amit Sengupta
What is OIL SHALE INDUSTRY? What does OIL SHALE INDUSTRY mean? OIL SHALE INDUSTRY meaning - OIL SHALE INDUSTRY definition - OIL SHALE INDUSTRY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Oil shale industry is an industry of mining and processing of oil shale—a fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing significant amounts of kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds), from which liquid hydrocarbons can be manufactured. The industry has developed in Brazil, China, Estonia and to some extent in Germany and Russia. Several other countries are currently conducting research on their oil shale reserves and production methods to improve efficiency and recovery. However, Australia has halted their pilot projects due to environmental concerns. Estonia accounted for about 70% of the world's oil shale production in a study published in 2005. Oil shale has been used for industrial purposes since the early 17th century, when it was mined for its minerals. Since the late 19th century, shale oil has also been used for its oil content and as a low grade fuel for power generation. However, barring countries having significant oil shale deposits, its use for power generation is not particularly widespread. Similarly, oil shale is a source for production of synthetic crude oil and it is seen as a solution towards increasing domestic production of oil in countries that are reliant on imports. Oil shale is mined either by traditional underground mining or surface mining techniques. There are several mining methods available, but the common aim of all these methods is to fragment the oil shale deposits in order to enable the transport of shale fragments to a power plant or retorting facility. The main methods of surface mining are open pit mining and strip mining. An important method of sub-surface mining is the room-and-pillar method. In this method, the material is extracted across a horizontal plane while leaving "pillars" of untouched material to support the roof. These pillars reduce the likelihood of a collapse. Oil shale can also be obtained as a by-product of coal mining. The largest oil shale mine in the world is the Estonia Mine, operated by Enefit Kaevandused. In 2005, Estonia mined 14.8 million tonnes of oil shale. During the same period, mining permits were issued for almost 24 million tonnes, with applications being received for mining an additional 26 million tonnes. In 2008, the Estonian Parliament approved the "National Development Plan for the Use of Oil Shale 2008-2015", which limits the annual extraction of oil shale to 20 million tonnes. Oil shale can be used as a fuel in thermal power plants, wherein oil shale is burnt like coal to drive the steam turbines. As of 2012, there are oil shale-fired power plants in Estonia with a generating capacity of 2,967 megawatts (MW), China, and Germany. Also Israel, Romania and Russia have run oil shale-fired power plants, but have shut them down or switched to other fuels like natural gas. Jordan and Egypt have announced their plans to construct oil shale-fired power plants, while Canada and Turkey plan to burn oil shale at the power plants along with coal. Thermal power plants which use oil shale as a fuel mostly employ two types of combustion methods. The traditional method is Pulverized combustion (PC) which is used in the older units of oil shale-fired power plants in Estonia, while the more advanced method is Fluidized bed combustion (FBC), which is used in the Holcim cement factory in Dotternhausen, Germany, and was used in the Mishor Rotem power plant in Israel. The main FBC technologies are Bubbling fluidized bed combustion (BFBC) and Circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC).
Views: 275 The Audiopedia
How to Find Oil on Your Land
Watch more How to Make Money Fast videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/421398-How-to-Find-Oil-on-Your-Land Initial searches for oil on land usually require the skills of geologists and geophysicists. These searches are often conducted by small exploration companies called wildcats. Step 1: Look for surface indications of oil Look for obvious signs of oil on the surface of your land. Tip Surface indications might include oil seeps or petroleum residue in soil samples. Step 2: Look for correlations Look for correlations on your land with the sites of other wells, matching fossils, rock properties, and electrical and radioactivity data. These correlations may predict where oil-bearing strata begin on your property. Step 3: Study gravitational variations Study variations in the earth's gravitational field on your land. If very light oil-bearing rocks are found near the surface, the gravitational force they exert will be less than that for heavy rocks. Step 4: Study the magnetic properties Study the magnetic properties of the underlying rocks on the property. Most rocks that contain oil are non-magnetic. Step 5: Study sound transmission Study the way sound travels through the earth on your land. The time it takes sound to travel through underlying rocks is characteristic of the types of rocks involved. Tip Don't forget to acquire the mineral rights on your land if you have not done so already. Doing so will ensure that if you find oil, it's legally yours. Step 6: Drill a small test well Drill a small test well if the results of your studies are promising. Now you can sell your oil-rich land and move to Beverly Hills. Did You Know? John D. Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870, the country's first oil company.
Views: 87452 Howcast
Eco-mine tour: A first-hand experience of the life of a miner
If you are craving a different kind of adventure, head to the Western Coalfields coal mines in Saoner, 45 km from Nagpur for a trip into the deep, dank interiors of the earth. The Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) run eco-mine tour will give you a glimpse into the lives of miners who work against the forces of nature. Tourists enter the mine on a unique man-rider system for the first 200 metres. The remaining 1-km trail is on foot. During the tour, tourists experience the interiors of a coal mine and are made aware of various safety measures in place to ensure safety of workers. DM Gokhale, the general manager of the Western Coalfields Ltd feels people tend to connect mines with what they have seen in the movies. So when they go deep underground, it’s a new discovery for them. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe to our channel: http://read.ht/fLZ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/htTweets Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/hindustantimes iOS:- http://m.onelink.me/bcae8b2d Android:- http://m.onelink.me/986f584a Watch more videos at: http://www.hindustantimes.com/video hindustantimes.com © 2016
Views: 12612 Hindustan Times
4| Differences between Measured/Reported Volatile Organic Compound Emissions
Dr. Shao-Meng Li Differences between Measured and Reported Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Oil Sands Facilities in Alberta, Canada Large-scale oil production from oil sands deposits in Alberta, Canada has raised concerns about environmental impacts, such as the magnitude of air pollution emissions. In this presentation, results on volatile organic compound (VOC) emission rates based on the 2013 airborne measurements over the oil sands surface mining facilities will be given. Individual emission rates for 73-93 VOCs for each of four surface mining facilities were determined using a combination of the Topdown Emission Rate Retrieval Algorithm applied to PTR-ToF-MS measurements and the emission ratios for a large number of VOCs determined from canister samples. The aggregate emission rate (ERVOC) of the VOCs ranged from 49.9±14.0 to 69.5±22.1 tonnes/day depending on the facility. These emission rates, of both the aggregate VOCs and individual species, were compared to those reported to the Canadian National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI). The comparison showed notable differences, indicating that currently accepted approximation methods generally underestimate VOC emissions. Potential reasons for the observed differences will be discussed.
Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (fracking)
Safe, cost-effective refinements in hydraulic fracturing (also known as fracking), horizontal drilling and other innovations now allow for the production of oil and natural gas from tight shale formations that previously were inaccessible. This video introduces the proven techniques used to extract resources from shale formations in a safe, environmentally responsible manner. Includes Spanish subtitles. For more information, visit: http://www.marathonoil.com/Social_Responsibility/Environmental_Stewardship/Hydraulic_Fracturing/
Views: 1840979 MarathonOilCorp
Gas Hydrates Formation & Flow Assurance - How to Monitor & Control
Download the White Paper "Separations in Mining and Oil Sands Operations": https://www.mt.com/us/en/home/library/white-papers/automated-reactors/Best-Practice-for-Separations-in-Mining-and-Oil-Sands-Operations-White-Paper.html?GLO_YT_Autochem_OTH_Youtube_Autochem This next example is on gas hydrates formation and flow assurance. This work looks at the gas hydrates formation process pictorially shown here. An initial water droplet will have a hydrate film grow upon it, thicken, and ultimately fully convert into a hydrate. These hydrates may agglomerate and plug a pipeline, causing flow assurance issues. In this work, methane hydrate formation dissociations were studied in the laboratory. This work was published by the Colorado School of the Mines in conjunction with Chevron. In these experiments, Conroe crude oil was placed in water, hydrates were formed under pressure of 77 bar and 4 °C, and subsequently dissociated at a temperature of 20 °C. Both the ParticleTrack with FBRM and ParticleView with PVM were placed inside this pressure cell. The motivation behind this was to understand the hydrate formation dissociation mechanisms under higher water cut conditions that is greater than 60 % water by volume, as is typically found in older or less profitable wells. Here we have a sequence of PVM images taken at 4 °C. Initially, once these water droplets are in the continuous phase of oil, the hydrate film in image B, starts to form around the outside of these droplets, and in image C the hydrates start to agglomerate. Then, the temperature is raised to 20 °C, and these hydrates again begin to dissociate back down to individual flakes. Finally, the system returns to a new equilibrium with occluded oil droplets. In the next example, FBRM was also used to measure flow assurance in a pipeline by IFP and Total in France. There were two experimental set ups, the first of which was an Archimedes Loop, which was temperature controlled from 273 – 283 K. In order to avoid hydrate crushing, no pumps were used, gas lift was used to regulate the flow, the system had an overall length of 36 m, and an internal diameter of approximately 1 cm. The second experimental set up involved the use of a Lyre Loop. The Lyre Loop was similarly controlled from 273 – 323 K. The flow was held constant, despite changes in solution viscosity, a Moineau pump was used to regulate this flow. This was a much larger system, with an overall length of 140 m, and an internal diameter of nearly 5 cm. Looking at the Archimedes Loop, temperature and pressure are monitored from the onset of hydrate formation, through to stoppage of flow. Looking here at the temperature, pressure, and mean velocity information, we can couple these factors in order to generate a friction factor; if you look at the FBRM data taken concurrently, we see that there is an increase in the FBRM mean dimension at the same time the friction factor is increased. This is associated with the agglomeration in the system, FBRM can be used to directly monitor the rate and degree of agglomeration, and identify conditions where agglomeration occurs, and plugging is probable. For the Lyre Loop, FBRM was used to characterize the breakage of hydrates under shear. The upper graph shows the temperature and friction factor of the Lyre Loop as a function of time. Initially there is an emulsion present, as shown by the FBRM chord length distribution in the lower left, which is unimodal, with most of the material being under 10 microns in dimension. As the friction factor increases, here at time 180 minutes, we see that the distribution is now bimodal. This indicates that not only do we have the initial emulsion, but we also have the formation of hydrates. This continues on at time 240 minutes. In the case of the Lyre Loop, a high level shear is generated in order to keep the constant velocity of the system. This shear results in the breakage of hydrates. We are able to track that very effectively with the FBRM, as illustrated by the difference between the two distributions measured at 240 and 320 minutes, where we see a clear reduction in the amount of material above 100 microns in dimension.
Views: 18925 MettlerToledoAC
Copper Mine Open Pit Blasting Explosion
Open pit blasting at a copper mine in Nogorniy Kharabahk. Just a small playlist of blasts' from the copper mine that I work at.
Views: 31827 bodmitri
A coverage of open cast coal mine near Junnardeo in Madhya Pradesh. Open-pit mining, Open-cut mining or Opencast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rock are found near the surface; that is, where the overburden (surface material covering the valuable deposit) is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunneling (as would be the case for sand, cinder, and gravel). For minerals that occur deep below the surface - where the overburden is thick or the mineral occurs as veins in hard rock - underground mining methods extract the valued material. Open-pit mines that produce building materials and dimension stone are commonly referred to as quarries. Open-pit mines are typically enlarged until either the mineral resource is exhausted, or an increasing ratio of overburden to ore makes further mining uneconomic. When this occurs, the exhausted mines are sometimes converted to landfills for disposal of solid wastes. However, some form of water control is usually required to keep the mine pit from becoming a lake, if the mine is situated in a climate of considerable precipitation or if any layers of the pit forming the mine border productive aquifers. Camera: SONY HDR PJ50E
Views: 908 arzan1980
Understand the frac sand mining process
Frac sand mining is the mining of sand that is used in the fracking process to get oil and natural gas out of the ground.
Views: 6315 WKBT TV
Chemistry Books | Extraction of Copper From Copper Pyrites | Froth Floatation | Bessemerisation
Extraction of copper from copper pyrites involves the following steps. This tutorial is created based on plus two Chemistry Books. Crushing and concentration The ore is crushed and then concentrated by froth-floatation process. What is froth floatation process? In this process the powdered ore is mixed with water and a little pine oil, that is a foaming agent and the whole mixture is then stir vigorously by blowing compressed air. The oil forms the foam or froth with the air. The ore particles stick to the froth which rises to the surface. While the rocky and earthy impurities that is the gangue or matrix are left in water. The froth is skimmed of collected and allow to subside to get the concentrated ore. Roasting The concentrated ore is heated strongly in the reverberatory furnace, in excess of air. During roasting, i) Moisture is removed. ii) The volatile impurities are removed. iii) Sulphur, phosphorus, arsenic and antimony which are present as impurity are removed as volatile oxides. Sulphur plus oxygen gives sulphur dioxide. Phosphorus plus oxygen gives phosphorus pentoxide. Arsenic plus oxygen gives arsenic trioxide. The copper pyrite is partly converted into sulphides of copper and iron. Copper pyrire plus oxygen gives copper sulphide plus iron sulphide plus sulphur dioxide. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives iron two oxide plus sulphur dioxide. Smelting The roasted ore is mixed with powdered coke and sand and is heated in a blast furnace. It is made of steel plates lined inside with fire clay bricks. Hot air at 800 degree Celsius is introduced from the tuyers near the base of the furnace. As a result, the following changes occur. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives iron two oxide plus sulphur di oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferro-silicate. that is a fusible slag. Copper glance plus oxygen gives cupride plus sulphur di oxide. Cupride plus iron sulphide gives copper glance plus iron oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferro-silicate. That is a fusible slag. As a result of smelting, two separate molten layers are formed at the bottom of the furnace. The upper layer consists of slag and is removed as a waste while the lower layer is called matte. It chiefly consists of cuprous sulphide and some unchanged ferrous sulphide. Bessemerisation The molten matte is transfered to a Bessemer converter as shown in the visual. The Bessemer is mounted on a horizontal axis and is fitted with small pipes called tuyeres through which a blast of hot air and fine sand is admitted. Any sulphur, arsenic and antimony still present escape as their respective oxides. Ferrous sulphide present in matte is oxidised to ferrous oxide which combines with silica to form slag. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives Iron two oxide plus sulphur di oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferrosilicate. That is a fusible slag. Some of the cuprous sulphide undergoes oxidation to form cuprous oxide which then reacts with more cuprous sulphide to give copper metal. The impure metal thus obtained is called blister copper and is about 98% pure. Cuprus sulphide plus oxygen gives cuprus oxide plus sulphur dioxide. Cuprus oxide plus cuprus sulphide gives copper plus sulphur dioxide. Refining Blister copper contains about 2% of impurities and it is purified by electrolytic refining. Electrolytic Refining This method is used to get metal of high degree of purity. For electrolytic refining of copper, A block of impure copper metal acts as anode A thin plate of pure copper metal acts as cathode Copper sulphate solution acidified with sulphuric acid is taken as electrolyte. When electric current is passed through the electrolytic solution pure copper get deposited on the cathode ,impurities settle near the anode in the form of sludge called anode mud.
Views: 9276 Easy Tips 4 Learner
Metal Refining & Recovery, Episode 21: Separate Gold From Sand With Heavy Liquid
I put one of my heavy liquids to work. Making the liquid: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gwJyzsSjJrE Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/codydonreeder SubReddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/codyslab/
Views: 286026 Cody'sLab
What is SHALE OIL EXTRACTION? What does SHALE OIL EXTRACTION mean? SHALE OIL EXTRACTION meaning - SHALE OIL EXTRACTION definition - SHALE OIL EXTRACTION explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution. The resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities. Shale oil extraction is usually performed above ground (ex situ processing) by mining the oil shale and then treating it in processing facilities. Other modern technologies perform the processing underground (on-site or in situ processing) by applying heat and extracting the oil via oil wells. The earliest description of the process dates to the 10th century. In 1684, Great Britain granted the first formal extraction process patent. Extraction industries and innovations became widespread during the 19th century. The industry shrank in the mid-20th century following the discovery of large reserves of conventional oil, but high petroleum prices at the beginning of the 21st century have led to renewed interest, accompanied by the development and testing of newer technologies. As of 2010, major long-standing extraction industries are operating in Estonia, Brazil, and China. Its economic viability usually requires a lack of locally available crude oil. National energy security issues have also played a role in its development. Critics of shale oil extraction pose questions about environmental management issues, such as waste disposal, extensive water use, waste water management, and air pollution. Shale oil extraction process decomposes oil shale and converts its kerogen into shale oil—a petroleum-like synthetic crude oil. The process is conducted by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution. The efficiencies of extraction processes are often evaluated by comparing their yields to the results of a Fischer Assay performed on a sample of the shale. The oldest and the most common extraction method involves pyrolysis (also known as retorting or destructive distillation). In this process, oil shale is heated in the absence of oxygen until its kerogen decomposes into condensable shale oil vapors and non-condensable combustible oil shale gas. Oil vapors and oil shale gas are then collected and cooled, causing the shale oil to condense. In addition, oil shale processing produces spent oil shale, which is a solid residue. Spent shale consists of inorganic compounds (minerals) and char—a carbonaceous residue formed from kerogen. Burning the char off the spent shale produces oil shale ash. Spent shale and shale ash can be used as ingredients in cement or brick manufacture. The composition of the oil shale may lend added value to the extraction process through the recovery of by-products, including ammonia, sulfur, aromatic compounds, pitch, asphalt, and waxes. Heating the oil shale to pyrolysis temperature and completing the endothermic kerogen decomposition reactions require a source of energy. Some technologies burn other fossil fuels such as natural gas, oil, or coal to generate this heat and experimental methods have used electricity, radio waves, microwaves, or reactive fluids for this purpose. Two strategies are used to reduce, and even eliminate, external heat energy requirements: the oil shale gas and char by-products generated by pyrolysis may be burned as a source of energy, and the heat contained in hot spent oil shale and oil shale ash may be used to pre-heat the raw oil shale. For ex situ processing, oil shale is crushed into smaller pieces, increasing surface area for better extraction. The temperature at which decomposition of oil shale occurs depends on the time-scale of the process. In ex situ retorting processes, it begins at 300 °C (570 °F) and proceeds more rapidly and completely at higher temperatures. The amount of oil produced is the highest when the temperature ranges between 480 and 520 °C (900 and 970 °F). The ratio of oil shale gas to shale oil generally increases along with retorting temperatures. For a modern in situ process, which might take several months of heating, decomposition may be conducted at temperatures as low as 250 °C (480 °F). Temperatures below 600 °C (1,110 °F) are preferable, as this prevents the decomposition of lime stone and dolomite in the rock and thereby limits carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption.
Views: 3544 The Audiopedia
silica sand mining factory machinery
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html silica sand mining factory machineryJul 19, 2013 ... Silica sand mining equipment,iron sand mining plant for saleIf you need Silica sand mining plant, Zenith provides you the best plant for you.silica sand mining plant - YouTubeApr 14, 2015 ... More details: ? http://crusherexporters.com/price-list.php silica sand mining plant Silica Sand Mining Plant , grinder machine org Zenith silica...Sand mining equipment, silica, iron sand mining plant - YouTubeNov 7, 2013 ... More details:http://goo.gl/Pajuu7 More About Sand mining equipment, silica, iron sand mining plant, Please Visit:http://goo.gl/Pajuu7 Silica...How does a silica sand processing plant work? - QuoraThen we need silica sand milling machine, it can grind silica sand into ... Mining (industry): What's the workflow of barite processing plant?Sand mining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaSand mining is a practice that is used to extract sand, mainly through an open pit. ... It is often used in manufacturing as an abrasive, for example, and it is used to .... Silica sand mining business has more than doubled since 2009 because of...Silica Sand Machine - Alibaba19224 Results ... China Best Mining Machine of Ball Mill for Grinding Silica Sand from Sentai, Gongyi. US $0-1 ... Silica Sand Plant/Silica Sand Washing Machine.The Sand Museum - Other CompaniesLB Silica Sand Ltd; the last private company in the sand industry in the ... his machines, he helped with open cast coal mining in South Wales and the Midlands.Silica Sand Mining Equipment - Quartz sand Crushing and ...Silica Sand Mining Equipment - Quartz sand Crushing and Screening Plant. As the demand for quartz sand has become greater, silica sand mining is very...Silica Sand Mining EIS Meeting - Wisconsin Department of Natural ...seeing a substantial rise in mining permit requests to mine for frac sand. Consequently, .... describes a typical sand mine and sand processing plant. ..... sand. The second is from various pollutants emitted from equipment used to mine, handle,.Silica Sand Mining Process Equipment - Aggregate Crushing PlantSilica Ore belongs to medium hard materials, silica sand mining is generally used sand making machine on the line. Sand Making Machine for soft or hard and...Production Equipment Of Quartz Sand - Mining machinery ...Silica Sand Mining Process Equipment. Quartz sand is a kind of non ... Zenith production of quartz sand production line is a production of construction sand .US Oil & Gas Fracking Boom Could Drive Silica Sand Mining ...Sep 25, 2014 ... Silica sand is one of many ingredients used in fracking -- and demand is soaring. ... That's around the time a mining company began churning up silica ... and increased activity of heavy trucks and transportation equipment can...Stone crushing machine for silica sand mining plant in South AfricaStone crushing machine in South Africa is mainly used for crushing stones, mine ores into small pieces for building aggregate crushing, silica sand mining, and...mobile silica sand crushing plant australiaMobile Silica Sand Drying Plant For Sale in Australia. silica sand drying equipment. The basic approach of drying is often a required step in silica sand mining...2015 Energy-Saving Silica Sand Mining - Henan Yigong Machinery ...Silica sand mining line/Sand Production Line The equipment allocation and process flow of sand production line can be chosen in accordance with different...China Silica Sand Magnetic Separator in Mining Beneficiation ...Jiangxi Province County Mining Machinery Factory ... This wet silica sand magnetic separator mainly used to concentration wet weak magnetic field and remove...China Silica Sand Washing Plant (XSD) - China Sand Washing ...China Silica Sand Washing Plant (XSD), Find details about China Sand ... Home ? Product List ? Other mining equipment ? Silica Sand Washing Plant (XSD)...The largest, high-purity silica sand mine in Australia Coexistence ...The Site has confirmed deposits of approximately 200 million tons. At the current production volume, we estimate that there is enough silica sand there for the...Silica sand,quartz sand,silica sand exporter,quartz sand supplier ...UNITED MINES & MINERALS - Exporter & Supplier of silica sand, quartz ... Sand, Silica Granule, Silica Lamps, Silica User, Talk Block, Plant, Machinery, etc.Toyota Tsusho Makes Japan's First Investment-One of Largest Mine ...Oct 15, 2013 ... The C
Views: 7 Asizzl Lgw
Our commitment to responsible closure and reclamation
Teck takes a comprehensive approach to responsible mine closure and reclamation before mining even starts – and that work carries on throughout the life of the mine. Learn more about Teck’s approach to responsible closure at teck.com/AfterMining
How Is Natural Gas Extracted From The Ground?
Oil and gas can move through the porous rocks natural is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon mixture consisting primarily of methane, they discovered way to transport seeping from ground in crude pipelines bamboo where it was used boil world's first industrial extraction started at fredonia, new york, united states 1825 petroleum process by which usable drawn out beneath earth's surface. Process usually used to extract oil and natural gas in which fractures the earth's surface are opened widened by injecting water, chemicals, sand at high pressure. Oil and natural gas reserves availability, extraction use how is coal seam extracted? Nsw resources energy. To release natural gas and oil from deep beneath the surface of earth extraction begins with drilling a well. 20 sep 2013 although the process of digging deep into the earth's crust to find deposits of natural gas that may or may not actually exist seems daunting, the industry has developed a number of innovations and techniques that both decrease the cost and increase the efficiency of drilling for natural gas 30 jan 2013. After the gas rises to top, it is necessary separate from 15 jan 2016 check out 7 steps of oil and natural extraction. Secondary recovery techniques increase the reservoir's pressure by water injection, natural gas reinjection and lift, oil is extracted from rock deep within earth using a drilling method. How is natural gas mined? extracted? The 7 steps of oil & extraction cred. These wells are purpose drilled for natural gas, but because gas is often found in the same deposits as crude oil and occur 'pockets' under ground. The process of shale gas development. Natural gas national geographic society. Any number of factors in the underground 24 apr 2017 natural gas is mined much same way that oil. Extracting oil and natural gas adventures in energy. To unlock the oil and natural gas trapped more than a mile below ground. Googleusercontent search. A well is like all forms of energy drilling, natural gas drilling starts when a deposit found deep beneath the earth's surface. To find these deposits, energy oil and gas can get trapped in pockets underground such as where the rocks are folded into an umbrella shape. Traditionally, this involves an oil rig, which is a structure with equipment natural gas from coal seams (csg) extracted deep below the ground using world best practice techniques that protect community and our typically, hole drilled into by rig. Natural gas national geographic society extraction naturalgas url? Q webcache. Our everyday how are oil and gas extracted from under the sea bed? Gridclub. Also called hydraulic fracturing extracting oil and natural gas from deposits deep underground isn't as simple just drilling completing a well. How does natural gas drilling work? do we get oil and out of the ground? World petroleumextraction petroleum wikipedia. Like other deposits, they are extracted by. The holes don't go straight this comprehensive overview explains the
Views: 367 Bun Bun 1
5/31/2014 -- 4 Mile Long eruption of Liquid Sand + stored CO2 @ Fracking operation in Colorado
Update June 3, 2014 3.4m fracking earthquake struck Greeley Colorado a day after I made this video.... admitted fracking, University of Colorado now investigating... blaming wastewater injection... shake reports felt in Loveland... quote residents 'like a sledge hammer on the roof' ___ Full breakdown of the Collbrand Colorado "landslide" from our live broadcast on Friday Night (May 30 2014). All links below. It appears a large deposit of high pressure liquid sand, underground at the Collbran Colorado fracking location, found a weak point to the surface. After doing some research on the "Collbran Gas System" , which is part of the Piceance shale deposit, I found that in addition to hydraulic fracturing (fracking), there is also a LARGE amount of CO2 being pumped into the ground (like carbonation in a can of soda).... a process called "Carbon Sequestration", where CO2 is pumped into old oil wells filled with liquid frack sands. Carbon Sequestration is a Geoengineering method to reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere (under the belief that there is global warming due to excessive CO2 in the atmosphere). The geoengineers have partnered up with the US Government, and oil companies -- to use old oil wells to "store" Carbon Dioxide gas. (each well thousands of feet deep, capable of being filled and compressed with billions of cubic feet of gas across thousands of old wells). It is my supposition that a high pressure liquid sand CO2 "eruption" occurred at the fracking operation (the weakest point in the crust due to drilling)... The weak point allowed the liquid frack sands, along with subterranean high pressure sands, along with highly compressed CO2 to all "erupt" and flow down the mountain more like a LAHAR than a "landslide". Complete lack of water , and the presence of a sandy silicate mixture, also the confirmed CO2 storage... means we're getting a bogus line from the powers that be on the reasons behind this fracture. Full post here explaining the events: http://dutchsinse.com/5282014-collbran-colorado-is-a-large-fracking-hub-co2-sequestration-area/ also here: http://dutchsinse.com/5272014-4-mile-long-landslide-at-colorado-fracking-operation/ ____ Full 2 hour radio show here (may 30 2014) http://www.fprnradio.com/freedomfrequency ____ Jackson Hole "landslide" which was then reported to be a Butte Fracture: http://dutchsinse.com/4202014racking-and-mining-earthquakes-oklahoma-and-nevada/ Pacific Northwest magma chambers recharging: http://dutchsinse.com/512014-pacific-northwest-magma-chambers-re-pressurize-mt-saint-helens-showing-rise/ Plumes off fracking operations: http://dutchsinse.com/4182014-surface-earthquake-strikes-illinois-plumes-erupt-from-oil-gas-wells-in-midwest-yellowstone-movement/ USGS confirms the fracking earthquake / seismic movement connection: http://dutchsinse.com/11182013-usgs-acknowledges-the-oklahoma-fracking-earthquake-swarm-colorado-and-texas-moving-again/ Surface movement at fracking operations: http://dutchsinse.com/4182014-surface-earthquake-strikes-illinois-plumes-erupt-from-oil-gas-wells-in-midwest-yellowstone-movement/ More on the Collbran gas system / Fracking gas hub: https://www.google.com/search?q=collbran+colorado+piceance+basin+carbon+capture&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=sb More on the carbon sequestration at the piceance shale play: http://www.ceri-mines.org/documents/CarbonSequestrationExec.Summary-ColoradoClimateChangeMarketsAct_001.pdf
Views: 259863 dutchsinse
Banks Mining's new Komatsu PC3000
Time-lapse footage of Banks Mining's new Komatsu PC3000 face shovel being built and put to work at Shotton opencast mine.
Views: 5149 RPA MEDIA
Open cast mining fire in coal
Kalyani projects in Dhori Coalary
Views: 608 Niranjan Verma
Crazy Rusty Oil Lamp Restoration..With a twist! Green Lantern
Welcome to this weeks video a very old vintage and rusty west German oil lantern or hurricane lamp restoration with a twist. As you can clearly see the lamp has seen better days, it is VERY rusty but appears to be still structurally sound which is surprising to say the least. First step in the restoration process is as usual the full tear down to assess the condition of each of the parts. The tear down didn't really present any surprises or real challenges the only job i was dubious about was removing the glass in case it was brittle but to my surprise its very tough glass! :). The next step in my process was to immerse all of the steel parts into a bath of rust removal solution which is BILT HAMBER DEOX C. This was left overnight to do its thing and the next day as if by magic im left with a bucket full of dirty water and perfectly clean bare steel parts :). All that was required after this stage was a quick grinding with the dremel and the brass wire wheel to sand off any imperfections that were left behind then it was onto a quick degreasing before masking up. After the lamp was hung in the booth it was coated with etch primer to provide a key for following coats of high build primer. Once the high build primer is fully cured it is wet flatted back with 800 wet and dry to remove any imperfections in the surface and provide a good even base for the base coat to adhere to. Once the lamp had been hung back in the booth degreased and tack ragged a final time i was ready to hit it with a base coat i had custom mixed to mimic dark war time green but with a modern metallic twist to it. I think you'll agree the colour really POPS!. After base coating it was coated with 3 heavy coats of scratch resistant clear then allowed to fully cure before handling. While the paint was curing i took a mad notion to make this a restoration with a twist so i chose to copper plate the handles catches and wick mechanism, once they were plated i gave them a rub with wire wool to scuff them up and give them a vintage used look. And personally i think they look fantastic! as well as stopping corrosion of the steel the copper layer will oxidise over time and give the lantern a changing appearance which im looking forward to. And before anyone criticises my plating method yes its very DIY and yes its very crude but it works for me and always delivers the results im after so please be nice! When the paint was cured and the parts were plated it was simply a case of reversing the tear down process and building it back up. I hope you'll agree that This old vintage rusty oil lamp has now been revived and is now a beautiful thing to behold! :) Unlike the other green lantern... you know what im talking about ;) If you like what you see and have any ideas for the channel please let me know in the comment section. And as usual if you liked the video please like subscribe and share this video and help the channel grow. Really Random Channel.
Views: 514063 Really Random Channel
Coal Mine Reclamation for Reforestation
Restoration seminar delivered by Paul Conrad at Montana Tech on August 30, 2017.
What Equipment Is Used In Open Pit Mining?
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Views: 105 Fredda Winkleman
chrome mining equipment
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html we will provide a professional answer and quality of services. If this video does not meet your needs I apologize here. Visit Website: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com Contact Us For Help: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com/chat.html Mining Equipment, Used Mining Equipment, Mill Liners, Mill Mining Equipment Kenmore Crushing Solutions cc. A leading supplier of mining equipment and used mining equipment. KCS supplies consumable spares to most brands of Chrome Mining Process Diagram, Stone(Ore) Crusher Manufacturer Leave a message Chat Now. FDP is one of the biggest manufacturers in Aggregate Processing Machinery for the chrome mining process diagram, sand & gravel, quarry Surface Mining Methods and Equipment, EOLSS UNESCO, EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING, Vol. II, Surface Mining Methods and Equipment, J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo ?Encyclopedia of Life Support chrome mining equipment for sale chrome processing plant sale, Crusher Machine For Sale. Gold Mining Equipment Gold Quarry Machine Manufacturer Products are exported to over 20 countries around chrome crushers plant hire, gold mining equipment rent ghana Companies, Consumer Electronics, CD Players, Agents, Brazil . Ghana where OIL & GOLD MINING are flowing in the busi. Member since 17 August, 20. also DJ equipment various types of mining equipment for chrome and gold SAM stone crushing equipment is designed to achieve maximum productivity and high reduction ratio. From large primary jaw crusher and impact crusher to cone crusher chrome mining equipment for sale in south africa diamond mining equipment south africa for sale, ZME . diamond mining equipment south africa for sale from ZME. Shanghai ZME (diamond mining equipment south africa Chrome Ore Mining Equipment In Turkey Crusher For Sale Chrome Ore Mining Equipment In Turkey Crusher For Sale. Chrome ore crusher for sale Chrome mining equipment Chrome Chrome crusher manufacturer SBM supplies chrome chrome ore grinding machine, Mining Equipment Price , KWS chrome ore grinding machine. Overview of Chrome ore Grinding Machine. As for the whole process of chrome mining, grinding equipment is commonly used in the grinding chrome ore mining equipment Beneficiation Plant chrome mining equipment for Chrome Ore High quality 2. Separate zircon, ilmenite, chromite ore, black sand mineral, hematile, iron sand, gold 3. Mining Safety and health education, information and advice Mining Safety health, tips, education, information and advice chrome mining equipment chromite ore beneficiation spiral Chromite Mining in South Africa Overview. A profile of Chromite Mining in South Africa with directories of companies, people, industry sectors, projects, facilities chrome ore mining equipment sudan, eduhost.in Chrome Ore Grinding Equipment,Beneficiation .. . No matter you have any problems. Get Price.,CachedThe copper ore mining equipment in Sudan helps our customers chrome ore mining equipment in turkey chrome concentration plant equipment from turkey, M&Q stone chrome concentration plant equipment from turkey. chrome ore equipment from turkey chrome ore spiral Process in the mining of chrome Process in the mining of chrome Products. As a leading global manufacturer of crushing, grinding and mining equipments, we offer advanced, reasonable solutions for chrome ore mining in zimbabwe chrome ore mining and processing in zimbabwe . chrome ore mining and processing in zimbabwe. We offer advanced, reasonable solutions for any size, reduction south africa chrome mining equipments selling chrome mining equipments for sale in south africa and chrome . Buy Mining Equipment,Chrome Mining Equipments for Sale in South Africa. Buy Mining Equipment,Chrome chrome mining equipment used mill chrome mining equipment used mill . chrome mining equipment And Machinery. CCM, crusher is a professional manufacturer and exporter of mining equipment, such as various types of mining equipment for chrome and gold http://crusherexporters.com various types of mining equipment for chrome and gold, Types Gold Mining Equipment , types of equipment used in gold mining proc chrome floatation, FAQ About Stone Crusher Low pH Trial in the Ernest Henry Mining Copper Rougher Flotation Jul 17, 2013 system drops the media corrosion &helip; chrome opencast mining equipment china list of machine use in open pit sand mining YouTube. 1 Feb 214 machines used in open pit mining Grinding Mill China List of equipment for open pit gold mine suppliers chrome mining equipment in zimbabwe chrome mine
Views: 137 Dacuk Porty
Dry Site Mine Reclamation:  A Progress Report
1993. Reclamation techniques used by mining companies on waste rock and exploratory roads on a low rainfall site in Nevada. Mining area shown is on the Toiyabe National Forest. Includes follow-up footage five years after the initial study was conducted. Lists recommended plant species for reclaiming sites with rainfall less than 10 inches.
Views: 2432 Forest Service
What Is Mine Tailings?
https://goo.gl/6U6t22 - Subscribe For more Videos ! For more Health Tips | Like | Comment | Share : ▷ CONNECT with us!! #HealthDiaries ► YOUTUBE - https://goo.gl/6U6t22 ► Facebook - https://goo.gl/uTP7zG ► Twitter - https://twitter.com/JuliyaLucy ► G+ Community - https://goo.gl/AfUDpR ► Google + - https://goo.gl/3rcniv ► Visit us - http://healthaware.in/ ► Blogger - https://juliyalucy.blogspot.in/ Watch for more Health Videos: ► How To Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy Naturally: https://goo.gl/hRy93e ► Period Hacks || How To Stop Your Periods Early: https://goo.gl/dSmFgi ► Cold and Flu Home Remedies: https://goo.gl/biPp8b ► Homemade Facial Packs: https://goo.gl/NwV5zj ► How To Lose Belly Fat In 7 Days: https://goo.gl/EHN879 ► Powerfull Foods for Control #Diabetes: https://goo.gl/9SdaLY ► Natural Hand Care Tips At Home That Work: https://goo.gl/YF3Exa ► How to Tighten #SaggingBreast: https://goo.gl/ENnb6b ► Natural Face Pack For Instant Glowing Skin: https://goo.gl/gvd5mM ► Get Rid of Stretch Marks Fast & Permanently: https://goo.gl/ZVYvQZ ► Eating Bananas with Black Spots: https://goo.gl/gXuri6 ► Drink this Juice every day to Cure #Thyroid in 3 Days: https://goo.gl/L3537H ► How Garlic Improves Sexual Stamina? https://goo.gl/GNcbYU ► Benefits of using Egg Shells: https://goo.gl/hAUyUS ► Home Remedies to Gain Weight Fast: https://goo.gl/jBVVQh ► Amazing Benefits of Olive Oil for Health: https://goo.gl/R3583v ► Rapid Relief of Chest Pain (Angina): https://goo.gl/idAFZR ► Home Remedies for Joint & Arthritis Pains Relief: https://goo.gl/jRbNkh ► SHOCKING TRICKs For #Diabetes Control: https://goo.gl/ATDDsV ► Doctors Are Shocked! #Diabetics: https://goo.gl/ZeQddJ ► Home Remedies for Gastric Troubles: https://goo.gl/72VR1b ► Juice for #Diabetics Type 2: https://goo.gl/3vDMqR --------- Tailings ponds for mining and oilsands waste faqs technology. Tailings consist of ground rock and process effluents that are generated in a mine processing plant. About us hazards emphasized projects & cores current community engaged research about gardenroots results recommendations resources comments questions field support our team personnel trainees news highlights informational waste rock is often stored in heaps or dumps on the mine site, but may be underwater with tailings if it contains a lot of sulphide minerals and has high potential for acid drainage formation. The remaining rock is called tailingscategory project scope & mining methods jun 16, 2017 as discussed previously, the primary types of solid wastes generated by industry are overburden and waste from surface mining, underground bulk tailings metal ore non mineral beneficiation milling processes refuse coal midwest's mine tailing dust control management solutions prevent pm10 pm2. Mine tailings midwest industrial supply. Worldwide, the storage and handling of tailings is a major environmental issue. Mining techniques and mineral processing are only covered as once the mined rock is taken from a mine, it ground to fine powder in mill located onsite. Mine tailings synonyms, mine pronunciation, translation, english dictionary definition of tailingstailings refuse or dross remaining after ore has been processedarchitecture the portion a tailed beam, brick, board inside wall feb 17, 2017 likely, you're reading this on your computer, smartphone, tablet. Googleusercontent search., 2012b); (c) mining area at berkeley, mar 17, 2017 learn what mine tailings piles and tailing ponds are, and the environmental risks they are associated with define mine tailings. Tailings fo what are tailings? Their nature and production. Tailings wikipedia en. Waste not, want not rethinking the tailings and mine waste issue. The creation of these modern marvels requires resources extracted from the earth. What are mine tailings? Tintina black butte copper project. Lternative tailing disposal is it the 'silver bullet' for mine waste management of tailings and rock in mining activities. This process of product extraction is never 100. In august 2014, a tailings dam breach at mount polley mine in british columbia released 5 million cubic meters of toxic waste into nearby creeks and lakes. Tailings ponds for mining and oilsands waste faqs technology tailings wikipedia. Tailings ponds for mining and oilsands waste faqs technology tailings disposal at mines dams where is stored forever. Over the past 15 years, mining industry has begun to incorporate concepts of sustainable development and practice across life cycle mineral operationsTailings ponds for oilsands waste faqs technology tailings wikipedia. Mechanical and chemical processes are used to extract the desired product from run of mine ore produce a waste stream known as tailings. It's a reality that isn't exactly far fetched. Mine tailings disposal methods
Views: 249 Fredda Winkleman
bentonite processing procedure
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html we will provide a professional answer and quality of services. If this video does not meet your needs I apologize here. Visit Website: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com Contact Us For Help: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com/chat.html bentonite adhesive price in philippines, Crusher Machine For bentonite adhesive price in philippines manufacturer in Shanghai, China. bentonite adhesive price in philippines is manufactured from Shanghai ZME,It is the main Performance of magnesium oxide, coated bentonite in removal This paper presents the adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution on modified Unye bentonite. Adsorption of Cu(II) ions by magnesium oxide, coated bentonit bentonite exploitation process in south africa The exploitation procedure affects the quality of the raw A small bentonite, processing plant has been operated by the Wyotana . imports came primarily from mining and processing of bentonite bentonite processing procedure, process crusher, mining processcrusher mining solutions bentoniteopen pit mines conveying system; open pit mines feeding . Preparing Clay Powder, Clay Magma, Powdered Bentonite Preparing Powdered Clay for External Use. Preparing powdered bentonite for external use is not difficult, but may require some patience. Sodium Activated Bentonite Process bentonite processing procedure. Aim of this paper is to describe the bentonite benefi, ciation process. 2. Bentonite. Processing methods used in the production of Bentonite usage in Wine and Juice Clarification and as Bentonite is also used as an initiator or starter for flocs in water treatment plants using common industrial Used in the “fining” step of processing wine, process of sulphur with bentonite mix for new application Fertilizer, Forms of Sulfur Fertilizer Break down into small particles can more quickly be accomplished through mixing of the sulfur with bentonite clay in the bentonite processing equipment Bentonite, MoreWine. Bentonite is a negative charged, clay, like mineral, that, like sparkalloid, removes positively charged particles. It works best when the wine is bentonite production process sttp steps of bentonite mining process process . steps of bentonite mining process process. If you want to get more detailed product information and prices, ZME recommend miduim bentonite processing machine bentonite processing plant machinery . can you filter press machine bentonite processing plant, YouTube. 9 Feb 2014 . More details:goo.gl/Pajuu7 More About can you bentonite mining process and equiptment bentonite processing, SCC 3, 05, 045 for fuller's earth processing, and SCC necessary equipment and procedures for well installation and development. used bentonite beneficiation process, SlideShare http://crusherexporters.com used bentonite beneficiation process, Process Of Beneficiation Ppt , Dry Magnetite Ore Beneficiation Process Diagram , Flow Proc Process engineer bentonite, Crusher Unit Get pdf (667k) wiley online library. 2. background. 2.1 the structure and engineering properties of bentonite interlayer process due to the relative amounts of WELL DEVELOPMENT, well drilling school Screen Well Development In screen well development, the processes are the same whether a natural pack or an artificial pack has been used in the construction of the well. universal bentonite processing machines bentonite processing procedure, Jaw Crusher VSI Crusher Cone Crusher, Crusher. universal bentonite processing machines, gmecrusher.com. universal bentonite gravel crushing and screening process description gravel gravel crushing and screening process description gravel, bentonite processing facilities in california beneficiation process of bentonite bentonite processing procedure . beneficiation process of bentonite. PUDONG EPC Provides Mineral Processing Solutions with Work and Cost Saving Wear process for preparing a bentonite powder How to Use Bentonite to Clarify Wine, Winemaker's Academy . A bentonite slurry being prepared for clarifying wine. Re, hydrate the bentonite powder by vigorously Cowboy Mining Company, Bentonite Mining / Welcome / Welcome Cowboy Mining Company is the bentonite mining, processing, and packaging division of PDSCo, Inc. We surface mine high quality sodium bentonite and further process the Hyperactivation of Bentonite in Pelletizing Process (PDF Official Full, Text Publication: Hyperactivation of Bentonite in Pelletizing Process on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. bentonite production equipment bentonite production eq
Views: 2530 Dacuk Porty
Where Do We Get Oil From? - Geography for Kids | Educational Videos by Mocomi
https://mocomi.com/ presents: Where do we get oil from? The Earth’s surface, millions of years ago, was covered with more water than what it has today and living in this were billions of tiny plants and animals. When these plants and animals died, they fell to the ocean floor and piled up. Sand from eroding rocks and mud covered them up. These layers of sand and mud were heavy and this weight turned them into sedimentary rocks. Heat from the earth and the weight of the rocks caused the dead plants and animals to compress into oil. Once the oil is formed, it slowly moves up through pores in the rocks. However in some cases, rocks without any pores leaves oil trapped underground. Oil is found in different parts of the world. The places where oil is extracted are called oil fields. More than half of the world’s oil is produced in the Middle East. To get to the oil, a company must first drill down to it. A rig is set up to support the drill. Then a well is drilled into the ground until the oil is reached. If the oilfield is in the sea, then offshore rigs are used. Watch this interesting video on how oil is formed from fossils which are compressed under the ocean floor. To learn more about where we get oil from, go to: https://mocomi.com/where-do-we-get-oil-from/ For more such interesting videos and interactive articles related to earth and geography, visit: https://mocomi.com/learn/geography/ Follow Mocomi Kids - Top educational website for kids, on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/mocomikids/ on Twitter https://twitter.com/MocomiKids on Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/mocomikids/ on Google+ https://plus.google.com/+mocomikids/ on LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/company/mocomi-kids
Views: 176837 MocomiKids
Extraction of Petroleum
Check out us at: http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/organic-chemistry/petroleum-refining.html Petroleum Extraction Petroleum, also called crude oil occurs naturally and is an inflammable liquid that consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights. It also contains other organic compounds that are found in geologic formations beneath the earth's surface. Please like our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/tutorvista Follow us at: https://plus.google.com/+tutorvista/
Views: 74910 TutorVista
P&H 2650CX Hybrid Shovel
The P&H 2650CX is a revolutionary new hybrid shovel engineered to blend the high productivity of electric mining shovels with the mobility and flexibility of diesel hydraulic excavators. It has been designed to deliver up to a 15% reduction in cost per ton when compared to large diesel hydraulic excavators through a combination of reduced fuel consumption, improved availability and decreased maintenance and repair costs. The machine features an articulating hydraulic clamshell attachment to deliver a 65-ton payload; it will four-pass load 240-ton trucks but also be capable of loading 400 ton trucks, making it a highly versatile loading tool for surface mines.
Views: 24307 P&H Mining Equipment
Fracking explained: opportunity or danger
Fracking explained in five minutes. Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter. We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water. This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt Fracking explained: opportunity or danger Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Oregon Resin Coated Sand Overview
HAI's Oregon, IL plant is the largest production facility of resin coated sand in the world. Our Custom Coat and Custom Coat E-Series customized blends of resin coated are optimized to serve the unique production capabilities of the foundry and oil field industries. Operational excellence defines HA International’s performance standard. Six Sigma optimized operations throughout the facility represents our commitment to continuously improving everything we do.
How to Cut and Polish Gemstones Without Machines
This is a quick video tutorial on how to cut and polish a low hardness gemstone (in this case, Fluorite) using materials that you can find around the home and at your local hardware store. -What you need: -Metal/Glass polish -A chopping board (or something similar) -Sandpaper in 4 different grits (the tutorial uses 180, 400, 600 and 1200 grit) -A clean cloth -Tap water www.lawsongems.com Below is a list of some common gems you could use this technique with (the softer the better in most cases). The top of the list will be the hardest to deal with and the most time consuming. Lapis Lazuli 5 - 6 Turquoise 5 - 6 Apatite 5 Chrome Diopside 5 - 6 Obsidian 5 - 5.5 Larimar 4.5 - 5 Charoite 4.5 - 5 Rhodochrosite 4 Variscite 4 - 5 Ammolite 4 Fluorite 4 Azurite 3.5 - 4 Malachite 3.5 - 4 Sphalerite 3.5 - 4 Calcite 3 Coral 3 - 4 Verdite 3 Lepidolite 2.5 - 3 Pearl 2.5 - 4.5 Chrysocolla 2 - 4 Seraphinite 2 - 4 Amber 2 - 2.5
Views: 509898 Lawson Gems
Created in 1959, "The Drama of Metal Forming" is an exceptional film that shows the forming of metal in a foundry. It was directed by Peter DeNormanville and produced by the famed editor Raymond Spottiswoode, the father of Hollywood director Roger Spottiswoode and distant relative of the Swindon Bakery's famous chef Angus Spottiswoode. Slabbing mills are rollers are shown, almost certainly located in the UK, and the many processes used to create finished parts such as railway car wheels (see the 17 minute mark), auto parts, gear blanks, wire, aluminum foil, and finished materials for the construction and oil industry. A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminium and cast iron. However, other metals, such as bronze, brass, steel, magnesium, and zinc, are also used to produce castings in foundries. In this process, parts of desired shapes and sizes can be formed. Melting is performed in a furnace. Virgin material, external scrap, internal scrap, and alloying elements are used to charge the furnace. Virgin material refers to commercially pure forms of the primary metal used to form a particular alloy. Alloying elements are either pure forms of an alloying element, like electrolytic nickel, or alloys of limited composition, such as ferroalloys or master alloys. External scrap is material from other forming processes such as punching, forging, or machining. Internal scrap consists of gates, risers, defective castings, and other extraneous metal oddments produced within the facility. The process includes melting the charge, refining the melt, adjusting the melt chemistry and tapping into a transport vessel. Refining is done to remove deleterious gases and elements from the molten metal to avoid casting defects. Material is added during the melting process to bring the final chemistry within a specific range specified by industry and/or internal standards. Certain fluxes may be used to separate the metal from slag and/or dross and degassers are used to remove dissolved gas from metals that readily dissolve certain gasses. During the tap, final chemistry adjustments are made. Several specialised furnaces are used to melt the metal. Furnaces are refractory lined vessels that contain the material to be melted and provide the energy to melt it. Modern furnace types include electric arc furnaces (EAF), induction furnaces, cupolas, reverberatory, and crucible furnaces. Furnace choice is dependent on the alloy system quantities produced. For ferrous materials EAFs, cupolas, and induction furnaces are commonly used. Reverberatory and crucible furnaces are common for producing aluminium, bronze, and brass castings. Furnace design is a complex process, and the design can be optimized based on multiple factors. Furnaces in foundries can be any size, ranging from small ones used to melt precious metals to furnaces weighing several tons, designed to melt hundreds of pounds of scrap at one time. They are designed according to the type of metals that are to be melted. Furnaces must also be designed based on the fuel being used to produce the desired temperature. For low temperature melting point alloys, such as zinc or tin, melting furnaces may reach around 500° C. Electricity, propane, or natural gas are usually used to achieve these temperatures. For high melting point alloys such as steel or nickel based alloys, the furnace must be designed for temperatures over 1600° C. The fuel used to reach these high temperatures can be electricity (as employed in electric arc furnaces) or coke. The majority of foundries specialize in a particular metal and have furnaces dedicated to these metals. For example, an iron foundry (for cast iron) may use a cupola, induction furnace, or EAF, while a steel foundry will use an EAF or induction furnace. Bronze or brass foundries use crucible furnaces or induction furnaces. Most aluminium foundries use either electric resistance or gas heated crucible furnaces or reverberatory furnaces. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 52003 PeriscopeFilm
Cat® 7495 HF Electric Rope Shovel Virtual Product Tour
Virtual walk-around video of the 7495 HF electric rope shovel, highlighting various key features.